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Cylinder (engine)

About: Cylinder (engine) is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 93405 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 478053 citation(s). The topic is also known as: (Cylinder Sleeving) & (cylinder liner).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Part I describes measurements of the drag on circular cylinders, made by observing the bending of quartz fibres, in a stream with the Reynolds number range 0·5-100. Comparisons are made with other experimental values (which cover only the upper part of this range) and with the various theoretical calculations.Part II advances experimental evidence for there being a transition in the mode of the vortex street in the wake of a cylinder at a Reynolds number around 90. Investigations of the nature of this transition and the differences between the flows on either side of it are described. The interpretation that the change is between a vortex street originating in the wake and one originating in the immediate vicinity of the cylinder is suggested.

966 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 1963

880 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
A.S. Sangani1, Andreas Acrivos1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Solutions for the slow flow past a square and a hexagonal array of cylinders are determined using a somewhat non-conventional numerical method. The calculated values of the drag on a cylinder as a function of c , the volume fraction of the cylinders, are shown to be in excellent agreement with the corresponding asymptotic expressions for c ⪡ 1 and for c → c max , the maximum volume fraction. These solutions are then used to calculate the average temperature difference between the bulk and the cylinders which are heated uniformly under conditions of small Reynolds and Peclet numbers.

599 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Peter W. Bearman1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This paper presents a selective review of recent research on vortex-induced vibrations of isolated circular cylinders and the flow and vibration of circular cylinders in a tandem arrangement; a common thread being that the topics raised are of particular interest to the author. The influence of Reynolds number on the response of isolated cylinders is presented and recent developments using forced vibration are discussed. The response of a cylinder free to respond in the in-line and transverse directions is contrasted with that of a cylinder responding in only one direction. The interference between two circular cylinders is discussed and prominence given to the case of cylinders in a tandem arrangement. The origin of the time–mean lift force on the downstream cylinder is considered together with the cause of the large amplitude transverse vibration experienced by the cylinder above vortex resonance. This wake-induced vibration is shown to be a form of vortex-induced vibration.

463 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Jochen Mellmann1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Mathematical models were developed to predict the transitions between the different forms of transverse motion of free-flowing bed materials in rotating cylinders: sliding, surging, slumping, rolling, cascading, cataracting and centrifuging. Model calculations of the limits between these types of bed motion compare well with measurements of experimental rotating cylinders as well as published results from industrial practice. The motion behavior can be represented on a Bed Behavior Diagram that plots wall friction coefficient and Froude number against the filling degree. From this study, scaling criteria for the bed behavior were found to be the Froude number, filling degree, wall friction coefficient, ratio of particle to cylinder diameter, angle of internal friction, and static and dynamic angles of repose. The transition criteria worked out and the Bed Behavior Diagram provides the user of rotary kilns the possibility to estimate the type of motion of the bed materials used from measured particle characteristics. As a result, the bed behavior can be influenced through selection of operating variables such as rotational speed and filling degree or installation of lifting bars and flights.

449 citations

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