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Decision engineering

About: Decision engineering is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 7549 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 274763 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
25 Mar 1986-Machine Learning
Abstract: The technology for building knowledge-based systems by inductive inference from examples has been demonstrated successfully in several practical applications. This paper summarizes an approach to synthesizing decision trees that has been used in a variety of systems, and it describes one such system, ID3, in detail. Results from recent studies show ways in which the methodology can be modified to deal with information that is noisy and/or incomplete. A reported shortcoming of the basic algorithm is discussed and two means of overcoming it are compared. The paper concludes with illustrations of current research directions.

16,062 citations

01 Jan 1976-
Abstract: Many of the complex problems faced by decision makers involve multiple conflicting objectives. This book describes how a confused decision maker, who wishes to make a reasonable and responsible choice among alternatives, can systematically probe his true feelings in order to make those critically important, vexing trade-offs between incommensurable objectives. The theory is illustrated by many real concrete examples taken from a host of disciplinary settings. The standard approach in decision theory or decision analysis specifies a simplified single objective like monetary return to maximise. By generalising from the single objective case to the multiple objective case, this book considerably widens the range of applicability of decision analysis.

8,891 citations

Journal Article
01 Jan 2002-Scientia Iranica
Abstract: Decisions involve many intangibles that need to be traded off. To do that, they have to be measured along side tangibles whose measurements must also be evaluated as to, how well, they serve the objectives of the decision maker. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a theory of measurement through pairwise comparisons and relies on the judgements of experts to derive priority scales. It is these scales that measure intangibles in relative terms. The comparisons are made using a scale of absolute judgements that represents, how much more, one element dominates another with respect to a given attribute. The judgements may be inconsistent, and how to measure inconsistency and improve the judgements, when possible to obtain better consistency is a concern of the AHP. The derived priority scales are synthesised by multiplying them by the priority of their parent nodes and adding for all such nodes. An illustration is included.

5,663 citations

01 Jan 2001-
TL;DR: The book introduces probabilistic graphical models and decision graphs, including Bayesian networks and influence diagrams, and presents a thorough introduction to state-of-the-art solution and analysis algorithms.
Abstract: Probabilistic graphical models and decision graphs are powerful modeling tools for reasoning and decision making under uncertainty. As modeling languages they allow a natural specification of problem domains with inherent uncertainty, and from a computational perspective they support efficient algorithms for automatic construction and query answering. This includes belief updating, finding the most probable explanation for the observed evidence, detecting conflicts in the evidence entered into the network, determining optimal strategies, analyzing for relevance, and performing sensitivity analysis. The book introduces probabilistic graphical models and decision graphs, including Bayesian networks and influence diagrams. The reader is introduced to the two types of frameworks through examples and exercises, which also instruct the reader on how to build these models. The book is a new edition of Bayesian Networks and Decision Graphs by Finn V. Jensen. The new edition is structured into two parts. The first part focuses on probabilistic graphical models. Compared with the previous book, the new edition also includes a thorough description of recent extensions to the Bayesian network modeling language, advances in exact and approximate belief updating algorithms, and methods for learning both the structure and the parameters of a Bayesian network. The second part deals with decision graphs, and in addition to the frameworks described in the previous edition, it also introduces Markov decision processes and partially ordered decision problems. The authors also provide a well-founded practical introduction to Bayesian networks, object-oriented Bayesian networks, decision trees, influence diagrams (and variants hereof), and Markov decision processes. give practical advice on the construction of Bayesian networks, decision trees, and influence diagrams from domain knowledge. give several examples and exercises exploiting computer systems for dealing with Bayesian networks and decision graphs. present a thorough introduction to state-of-the-art solution and analysis algorithms. The book is intended as a textbook, but it can also be used for self-study and as a reference book.

4,387 citations

01 Jan 1993-
TL;DR: The adaptive decision maker: a look backward and a look forward Appendix Footnotes Bibliography.
Abstract: Preface 1. Adaptive decision behaviour: an introduction 2. Contingencies in decision making 3. Deciding how to decide: an effort/accuracy framework 4. Studying contingent decisions: an integrated methodology 5. Constructive processes in decision making 6. Why may adaptivity fail? 7. Improving decisions and other practical matters 8. The adaptive decision maker: a look backward and a look forward Appendix Footnotes Bibliography.

3,984 citations

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No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Simon French

15 papers, 1.8K citations

Andrew B. Whinston

13 papers, 395 citations

Guangquan Zhang

12 papers, 891 citations

Andrzej P. Wierzbicki

10 papers, 193 citations

Jie Lu

10 papers, 715 citations