About: Deformation mechanism is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 9519 publications have been published within this topic receiving 255614 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Oct 1982
TL;DR: Deformation-mechanism maps: the plasticity and creep of metals and ceramics as discussed by the authors, Deformation-Mechanism Maps of metal deformation: the deformation and the creep of metal and ceramic.
Abstract: Deformation-mechanism maps: the plasticity and creep of metals and ceramics , Deformation-mechanism maps: the plasticity and creep of metals and ceramics , مرکز فناوری اطلاعات و اطلاع رسانی کشاورزی
TL;DR: The traditional view of tectonics is that the lithosphere comprises a strong brittle layer overlying a weak ductile layer, which gives rise to two forms of deformation: brittle fracture, accompanied by earth-quakes, in the upper layer, and aseismic ductile flow in the layer beneath as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: The traditional view of tectonics is that the lithosphere comprises a strong brittle layer overlying a weak ductile layer, which gives rise to two forms of deformation: brittle fracture, accompanied by earth- quakes, in the upper layer, and aseismic ductile flow in the layer beneath Although this view is not incorrect, it is imprecise, and in ways that can lead to serious misunderstandings The term ductility, for example, can apply equally to two common rock deformation mechanisms: crystal plasticity, which occurs in rock above a critical temperature, and cataclastic flow, a type of granular deformation which can occur in poorly consolidated sediments Although both exhibit ductility, these two deformation mechanisms have very different rheologies Earthquakes, in turn, are associated with strength and brittleness—associations that are likewise sufficiently imprecise that, if taken much beyond the generality implied in the opening sentence, they can lead to serious misinterpretations about earthquake mechanics Lately, a newer, much more precise and predictive model for the earthquake mechanism has emerged, which has its roots in the observation that tectonic earthquakes seldom if ever occur by the sudden appearance and propagation of a new shear crack (or 'fault') Instead, they occur by sudden slippage along a pre-existing fault or plate interface They are therefore a frictional, rather than fracture, phenomenon, with brittle fracture playing a secondary role in the lengthening of faults 1 and frictional wear 2 This distinction was noted by several early workers 3 , but it was not until 1966 that Brace and Byerlee 4 pointed out that earthquakes must be the result of a stick-slip frictional instability Thus, the earthquake is the 'slip', and the 'stick' is the interseismic period of elastic strain accumula- tion Subsequently, a complete constitutive law for rock friction has been developed based on laboratory studies A surprising result is that a great many other aspects of earthquake phenomena also now seem to result from the nature of the friction on faults The properties traditionally thought to control these processes— strength, brittleness and ductility—are subsumed within the over- arching concept of frictional stability regimes Constitutive law of rock friction In the standard model of stick-slip friction it is assumed that sliding begins when the ratio of shear to normal stress on the surface reaches a value ms, the static friction coefficient Once sliding initiates, frictional resistance falls to a lower dynamic friction coefficient, md, and this weakening of sliding resistance may,
22 Dec 2003
TL;DR: In this paper, the second-rank tensors of a tensor were modeled as tensors and they were used to model the deformation of polycrystalline materials and their properties.
Abstract: Chapter 1. Introduction.1.1 Strain1.2 Stress.1.3 Mechanical Testing.1.4 Mechanical Responses to Deformation.1.5 How Bonding Influences Mechanical Properties.1.6 Further Reading and References.1.7 Problems.Chapter 2. Tensors and Elasticity.2.1 What Is a Tensor?2.2 Transformation of Tensors.2.3 The Second Rank Tensors of Strain and Stress.2.4 Directional Properties.2.5 Elasticity.2.6 Effective Properties of Materials: Oriented Polycrystals and Composites.2.7 Matrix Methods for Elasticity Tensors.2.8 Appendix: The Stereographic Projection.2.9 References.2.10 Problems.Chapter 3. Plasticity.3.1 Continuum Models for Shear Deformation of Isotropic Ductile Materials.3.2 Shear Deformation of Crystalline Materials.3.3 Necking and Instability.3.4 Shear Deformation of Non Crystalline materials.3.5 Dilatant Deformation of Materials.3.6 Appendix: Independent Slip Systems.3.7 References.3.8 Problems.Chapter 4. Dislocations in Crystals.4.1 Dislocation Theory.4.2 Specification of Dislocation Character.4.3 Dislocation Motion.4.4 Dislocation Content in Crystals and Polycrystals.4.5 Dislocations and Dislocation Motion in Specific Crystal Structures.4.6 References.4.7 Problems.Chapter 5. Strengthening Mechanisms.5.1 Constraint Based Strengthening.5.2 Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystalline Materials.5.3 Orientation Strengthening.5.4 References.5.5 Problems.Chapter 6. High Temperature and Rate Dependent Deformation.6.1 Creep.6.2 Extrapolation Approaches for Failure and Creep.6.3 Stress Relaxation.6.4 Creep and Relaxation Mechanisms in Crystalline Materials.6.5 References.6.6 Problems.Chapter 7. Fracture of Materials.7.1 Stress Distributions Near Crack Tips.7.2 Fracture Toughness Testing.7.3 Failure Probability and Weibull Statistics.7.4 Mechanisms for Toughness Enhancement of Brittle Materials.7.5 Appendix A: Derivation of the Stress Concentration at a Through Hole.7.6 Appendix B: Stress Volume Integral Approach for Weibull Statistics.7.7 References.7.8 Problems.Chapter 8. Mapping Strategies for Understanding Mechanical Properties.8.1 Deformation Mechanism Maps.8.2 Fracture Mechanism Maps.8.3 Mechanical Design Maps.8.4 References.8.5 Problems.Chapter 9. Degradation Processes: Fatigue and Wear.9.1 Cystic Fatigue of materials.9.2 Engineering Fatigue Analysis.9.3 Wear, Friction, and Lubrication.9.4 References.9.5 Problems.Chapter 10. Deformation Processing.10.1 Ideal Energy Approach for Modeling of a Forming Process.10.2 Inclusion of Friction and Die Geometry in Deformation Processes: Slab Analysis.10.3 Upper Bound Analysis.10.4 Slip Line Field Analysis.10.5 Formation of Aluminum Beverage Cans: Deep Drawing, Ironing, and Shaping.10.6 Forming and Rheology of Glasses and Polymers.10.7 Tape Casting of Ceramic Slurries.10.8 References.10.9 Problems.Index.
TL;DR: In this paper, the formation of twins, α- and e- martensite during plastic deformation was analyzed by optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM).
Abstract: Deformation twinning, martensitic phase transformation and mechanical properties of austenitic Fe-(15–30) wt.%Mn steels with additions of aluminium and silicon have been investigated. It is known that additions of aluminium increase the stacking fault energy γfcc and therefore strongly suppress the γ→e transformation while silicon decrease γfcc and sustains the γ→e transformation. The γ→e phase transformation takes place in steels with γ fcc ⩽20 mJ m 2 . For steels with higher stacking fault energy twinning is the main deformation mechanism. Tensile tests were carried out at different strain rates and temperatures. The formation of twins, α- and e- martensite during plastic deformation was analysed by optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The developed light weight high manganese TRIP (“transformation induced plasticity”) and TWIP (“twinning induced plasticity”) steels exhibit high flow stress (600–1100 MPa) and extremely large elongation (60–95%) even at extremely high strain rates of about 103 s−1. Recent trends in the automotive industry towards improved safety standards and a reduced weight as well as a more rational and cost effective manufacturing have led to great interest in these high strength and “super tough” steels.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide an overview of metal-based material classes whose properties as a function of external size have been investigated and provide a critical discussion on the combined effects of intrinsic and extrinsic sizes on the material deformation behavior.
Abstract: A material strength depends on its microstructure, which in turn, is controlled by an engineering process. Strengthening mechanisms like work hardening, precipitate, and grain boundary strengthening can alter the strength of a material in a predictive, quantitative manner and are readily linked to the deformation mechanism. This quantification strongly depends on the characteristic length scale of a particular microstructure, thereby dictating bulk material’s strength as a function of, for example, grain or precipitate size, twin boundary spacing, or dislocation density. This microstructural, or intrinsic, size governs the mechanical properties and post-elastic material deformation at all sample dimensions, as the classical definition of “ultimate tensile strength” deems it to be “an intensive property, therefore its value does not depend on the size of the test specimen.” Yet in the last 5 years, the vast majority of uniaxial deformation experiments and computations on small-scale metallic structures unambiguously demonstrated that at the micron and sub-micron scales, this definition no longer holds true. In fact, it has been shown that in single crystals the ultimate tensile strength and the yield strength scale with external sample size in a power law fashion, sometimes attaining a significant fraction of material’s theoretical strength, and exhibiting the now-commonly-known phenomenon “smaller is stronger.” Understanding of this “extrinsic size effect” at small scales is not yet mature and is currently a topic of rigorous investigations. As both the intrinsic (i.e. microstructural) and extrinsic (i.e. sample size) dimensions play a non-trivial role in the mechanical properties and material deformation mechanisms, it is critical to develop an understanding of their interplay and mutual effects on the mechanical properties and material deformation, especially in small-scale structures. This review focuses on providing an overview of metal-based material classes whose properties as a function of external size have been investigated and provides a critical discussion on the combined effects of intrinsic and extrinsic sizes on the material deformation behavior.
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