About: Dehydrogenation is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 24238 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 480028 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Dehydrogenation.
Abstract: Addition of acetonitrile to the traditional CCl4/H2O solvent system for ruthenium tetraoxide catalyzed oxidations leads to a greatly improved system; some applications to olefins, alcohols, aromatic rings, and ethers are described. © 1981, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.
Abstract: AMORPHOUS metallic alloys ('metallic glasses') lack long-range crystalline order and have unique electronic, magnetic and corrosion-resistant properties1–3. Their applications include use in power-transformer cores, magnetic storage media, cryothermometry and corrosion-resistant coatings. The production of metallic glasses is made difficult, however, by the extremely rapid cooling from the melt that is necessary to prevent crystallization. Cooling rates of about 105 to 107 K s−1 are generally required; for comparison, plunging red-hot steel into water produces cooling rates of only about 2,500 K s−1. Metallic glasses can be formed by splattering molten metal on a cold surface using techniques such as gun, roller or splat quenching4,5. Acoustic cavitation is known to induce extreme local heating in otherwise cold liquids, and to provide very rapid cooling rates6–11. Here we describe the synthesis of metallic-glass powders using the microscopically extreme (yet macroscopically mild) conditions induced by high-intensity ultrasound. The sonolysis of iron pentacarbonyl, a volatile organometallic compound, produces nearly pure amorphous iron. This amorphous iron powder is a highly active catalyst for the Fischer–Tropsch hydrogenation of carbon monoxide and for hydrogenolysis and dehydrogenation of saturated hydrocarbons.
TL;DR: The scaling model is developed into a general framework for estimating the reaction energies for hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions and it is found that the adsorption energy of any of the molecules considered scales approximately with the adhesion energy of the central, C, N, O, or S atom.
Abstract: Density functional theory calculations are presented for CHx, x=0,1,2,3, NHx, x=0,1,2, OHx, x=0,1, and SHx, x=0,1 adsorption on a range of close-packed and stepped transition-metal surfaces. We find that the adsorption energy of any of the molecules considered scales approximately with the adsorption energy of the central, C, N, O, or S atom, the scaling constant depending only on x. A model is proposed to understand this behavior. The scaling model is developed into a general framework for estimating the reaction energies for hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions.
•30 Nov 2001
Abstract: Catalysis - introduction and fundamentals catalytic phenomena catalyst materials, properties and preparation catalyst characterization and selection reactors, reactor design, and activity testing catalyst deactivation - causes, mechanisms and treatment hydrogen production and synthesis gas reactions hydrogenation and dehydrogenation of organic compounds oxidation of inorganic and organic compounds petroleum refining and processing environmental catalysis - stationary sources homogenous catalysis, enzyme catalysis, and polymerization catalysis.