About: Delamination is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 16756 publications have been published within this topic receiving 316520 citations.
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TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe the mixed mode cracking in layered materials and elaborates some of the basic results on the characterization of crack tip fields and on the specification of interface toughness, showing that cracks in brittle, isotropic, homogeneous materials propagate such that pure mode I conditions are maintained at the crack tip.
Abstract: Publisher Summary This chapter describes the mixed mode cracking in layered materials. There is ample experimental evidence that cracks in brittle, isotropic, homogeneous materials propagate such that pure mode I conditions are maintained at the crack tip. An unloaded crack subsequently subject to a combination of modes I and II will initiate growth by kinking in such a direction that the advancing tip is in mode I. The chapter also elaborates some of the basic results on the characterization of crack tip fields and on the specification of interface toughness. The competition between crack advance within the interface and kinking out of the interface depends on the relative toughness of the interface to that of the adjoining material. The interface stress intensity factors play precisely the same role as their counterparts in elastic fracture mechanics for homogeneous, isotropic solids. When an interface between a bimaterial system is actually a very thin layer of a third phase, the details of the cracking morphology in the thin interface layer can also play a role in determining the mixed mode toughness. The elasticity solutions for cracks in multilayers are also elaborated.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors evaluated the initiation of cracking and delamination growth in a unidirectional glass/epoxy composite under mode I, mode ZZ, and mixed mode I + II static loading.
Abstract: Initiation of cracking and delamination growth in a unidirectional glass/epoxy composite were evaluated under mode I, mode ZZ, and mixed mode I + II static loading. They have been expressed in terms of the total critical strain energy release rate, GTC, and the total fracture resistance, GTR. For the mixed mode I + II, a mixed-mode bending apparatus was used. The loading in this test is a simple combination of the double cantilever beam mode I and the end notch flexure mode II tests. In addition to characterisation of delamination initiation, whatever the value of the GJGT modal ratio, this apparatus allows the plotting of an R curve, from which we obtain the total fracture resistance, GTR. Experimental results were correlated with computations of a semi-empirical criterion through the plotting of the total critical strain energy release rate, GTc, versus the Gn/GT modal ratio, and of the total fracture resistance, GTR, versus the GII/GT modal ratio. 0 1996 Elsevier Science Limited
•02 Feb 2004
TL;DR: The role of stress in mass transport is discussed in this article, where the authors consider anisotropic and patterned films, buckling, bulging, peeling and fracture.
Abstract: 1. Introduction and overview 2. Film stress and substrate curvature 3. Stress in anisotropic and patterned films 4. Delamination and fracture 5. Film buckling, bulging and peeling 6. Dislocation formation in epitaxial systems 7. Dislocation interactions and strain relaxation 8. Equilibrium and stability of surfaces 9. The role of stress in mass transport.
TL;DR: In the case of the Southern Puna Plateau, central Andes, the most deformation occurs at the top of the mantle and bottom of the crust, where most of the negative buoyancy lies.
Abstract: Lithospheric delamination is the foundering of dense lithosphere into less dense asthenosphere. The causes for this density inversion are thermal, compositional, and due to phase changes. For delamination to occur in the specific, and probably common, case where lithospheric mantle is intrinsically less dense than underlying asthenosphere due to compositional differences, a critical amount of shortening is required for the densifying effect of cooler temperature to counterbalance the effect of composition. Crustal thickening that results from shortening may result in a crustal root that, due to phase changes, becomes denser than the underlying mantle lithosphere and should delaminate with it: most of the negative buoyancy resides at the top of the mantle and the bottom of the crust. In most cases composition is not known well enough to calculate the driving energy of delamination from densities of equilibrium mineral assemblages in a lithospheric column. Poorly known kinetics of phase changes contribute additional uncertainties. In all cases however, the effects of delamination under a region are readily recognizable: rapid uplift and stress change, and profound changes in crustal and mantle-derived magmatism (a reflection of changes in thermal and compositional structure). Characteristics of delamination magmatism are exhibited in the Southern Puna Plateau, central Andes. The consequences of delamination for theories of crustal and mantle evolution remain speculative, but could be important. Recognition of delamination-related magmas in older (including Archean) orogens may be the best way to recognize past delamination events, because the magmas are among the most indelible and least ambiguous of delamination indicators.
TL;DR: In this paper, a methodology to determine the constitutive parameters for the simulation of progressive delamination is proposed, which accounts for the size of a cohesive finite element and the length of the cohesive zone to ensure the correct dissipation of energy.
Abstract: A methodology to determine the constitutive parameters for the simulation of progressive delamination is proposed. The procedure accounts for the size of a cohesive finite element and the length of the cohesive zone to ensure the correct dissipation of energy. In addition, a closed-form expression for estimating the minimum penalty stiffness necessary for the constitutive equation of a cohesive finite element is presented. It is shown that the resulting constitutive law allows the use of coarser finite element meshes than is usually admissible, which renders the analysis of large-scale progressive delamination problems computationally tractable.
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