Topic

# Delaunay triangulation

About: Delaunay triangulation is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 5816 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 126615 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Delone triangulation.

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27 May 1996TL;DR: Triangle as discussed by the authors is a robust implementation of two-dimensional constrained Delaunay triangulation and Ruppert's Delaunayer refinement algorithm for quality mesh generation, and it is shown that the problem of triangulating a planar straight line graph (PSLG) without introducing new small angles is impossible for some PSLGs.

Abstract: Triangle is a robust implementation of two-dimensional constrained Delaunay triangulation and Ruppert's Delaunay refinement algorithm for quality mesh generation. Several implementation issues are discussed, including the choice of triangulation algorithms and data structures, the effect of several variants of the Delaunay refinement algorithm on mesh quality, and the use of adaptive exact arithmetic to ensure robustness with minimal sacrifice of speed. The problem of triangulating a planar straight line graph (PSLG) without introducing new small angles is shown to be impossible for some PSLGs, contradicting the claim that a variant of the Delaunay refinement algorithm solves this problem.

2,209 citations

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TL;DR: This article introduces the formal notion of the family of α-shapes of a finite point set in R 3 .

Abstract: Frequently, data in scientific computing is in its abstract form a finite point set in space, and it is sometimes useful or required to compute what one might call the “shape” of the set. For that purpose, this article introduces the formal notion of the family of a-shapes of a finite point set in R3. Each shape is a well-defined polytope, derived from the Delaunay triangulation of the point set, with a parameter a e R controlling the desired level of detail. An algorithm is presented that constructs the entire family of shapes for a given set of size n in time 0(n2), worst case. A robust implementation of the algorithm is discussed, and several applications in the area of scientific computing are mentioned.

1,832 citations

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TL;DR: A generalization of the convex hull of a finite set of points in the plane leads to a family of straight-line graphs, "alpha -shapes," which seem to capture the intuitive notions of "fine shape" and "crude shape" of point sets.

Abstract: A generalization of the convex hull of a finite set of points in the plane is introduced and analyzed. This generalization leads to a family of straight-line graphs, " \alpha -shapes," which seem to capture the intuitive notions of "fine shape" and "crude shape" of point sets. It is shown that a-shapes are subgraphs of the closest point or furthest point Delaunay triangulation. Relying on this result an optimal O(n \log n) algorithm that constructs \alpha -shapes is developed.

1,403 citations

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TL;DR: This paper provides a unified discussion of the Delaunay triangulation and two algorithms are presented for constructing the triangulations over a planar set ofN points.

Abstract: This paper provides a unified discussion of the Delaunay triangulation. Its geometric properties are reviewed and several applications are discussed. Two algorithms are presented for constructing the triangulation over a planar set ofN points. The first algorithm uses a divide-and-conquer approach. It runs inO(N logN) time, which is asymptotically optimal. The second algorithm is iterative and requiresO(N
2) time in the worst case. However, its average case performance is comparable to that of the first algorithm.

1,293 citations

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TL;DR: A program to prove the Kepler conjecture on sphere packings is described and it is shown that every Delaunay star that satisfies a certain regularity condition satisfies the conjecture.

Abstract: We describe a program to prove the Kepler conjecture on sphere packings. We then carry out the first step of this program. Each packing determines a decomposition of space into Delaunay simplices, which are grouped together into finite configurations called Delaunay stars. A score, which is related to the density of packings, is assigned to each Delaunay star. We conjecture that the score of every Delaunay star is at most the score of the stars in the face-centered cubic and hexagonal close packings. This conjecture implies the Kepler conjecture. To complete the first step of the program, we show that every Delaunay star that satisfies a certain regularity condition satisfies the conjecture.

1,201 citations