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Desalination

About: Desalination is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 17537 publications have been published within this topic receiving 342771 citations.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
05 Aug 2011-Science
TL;DR: The possible reductions in energy demand by state-of-the-art seawater Desalination technologies, the potential role of advanced materials and innovative technologies in improving performance, and the sustainability of desalination as a technological solution to global water shortages are reviewed.
Abstract: In recent years, numerous large-scale seawater desalination plants have been built in water-stressed countries to augment available water resources, and construction of new desalination plants is expected to increase in the near future. Despite major advancements in desalination technologies, seawater desalination is still more energy intensive compared to conventional technologies for the treatment of fresh water. There are also concerns about the potential environmental impacts of large-scale seawater desalination plants. Here, we review the possible reductions in energy demand by state-of-the-art seawater desalination technologies, the potential role of advanced materials and innovative technologies in improving performance, and the sustainability of desalination as a technological solution to global water shortages.

4,840 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Key parameters of an RO process and process modifications due to feed water characteristics are brought to light by a direct comparison of seawater and brackish water RO systems.

2,665 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the state-of-the-art of the physical principles and applications of forward osmosis as well as their strengths and limitations are presented, along with a review of the current state of the art.

2,235 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a review of membrane characteristics, membrane-related heat and mass transfer concepts, fouling and the effects of operating condition is presented, as well as state-of-the-art research results in these different areas are discussed.

1,973 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, molecular-level design approaches for membrane materials, focusing on how these materials address the urgent requirements of water treatment applications, are reviewed for water scarcity and the pollution of aquatic environments.
Abstract: Membranes have an increasingly important role in alleviating water scarcity and the pollution of aquatic environments. Promising molecular-level design approaches are reviewed for membrane materials, focusing on how these materials address the urgent requirements of water treatment applications.

1,900 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20241
20231,407
20222,584
20211,409
20201,365
20191,276