About: Diffuser (thermodynamics) is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 6731 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 54738 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
19 Nov 1985
TL;DR: In this paper, an air flow rate sensor and throttle valve are provided in a control duct between a supply chamber utilizing double ceilings and the air diffusers in the supply chamber, which can be equalized or can be set to the desired values.
Abstract: An air flow rate sensor and throttle valve which controls the opening of a duct in accordance with the detection signals from the air flow rate sensor are provided in a control duct between a supply chamber utilizing double ceilings and the air diffusers in the supply chamber. The quantities of air fed from the respective air diffusers can be equalized or can be set to the desired values. In this case, since the air blowing can be automatically controlled for each diffuser, it is not necessary to individually adjust the quantities of air for the respective air diffusers after the installation of the air conditioner, thereby eliminating the adjusting works of the air diffusers.
TL;DR: A new valveless fluid pump has been designed and tested that consists of two fluid diffuser/nozzle elements on each side of a chamber volume with an oscillating diaphragm that creates a one-way fluid flow.
Abstract: A new valveless fluid pump has been designed and tested. The pump consists of two fluid diffuser/nozzle elements on each side of a chamber volume with an oscillating diaphragm. The vibrating diaphragm produces an oscillating chamber volume, which together with the two fluid-flow-rectifying diffuser/nozzle elements, creates a one-way fluid flow. A micropump prototype with a chamber diameter of 19 mm with conical diffuser/nozzle elements has been built and tested. The maximum liquid flow rate is 16 ml/min and the maximum pump pressure is 2 m H 2 O. The pump frequency is of the order of 100 Hz.
TL;DR: The physical behavior of turbulent separated flows is flow dependent, so detailed experimental infor- fation is needed for understanding such flows and modeling their physics for calculation methods as mentioned in this paper. But it is too narrow a view to use vanishing surface shearing stress or flow reversal as the criterion for separation.
Abstract: This article summarizes our present understanding of the physical behavior of two-dimensional turbulent separated flows, which occur due to adverse pressure gradients around streamlined and bluff bodies. The physical behavior of turbulence is flow dependent, so detailed experimental infor mation is needed for understanding such flows and modeling their physics for calculation methods. An earlier review (Simpson 1 985) discussed in much detail prior experimental and computational work, and this was followed by an updated review of calculation methods only (Simpson 1 987). Here additional recent references are added to those cited in the two other works. By separation, we mean the entire process of departure or breakaway, or the breakdown of boundary-layer flow. An abrupt thickening of the rotational-flow region next to a wall and significant values of the normal to-wall velocity component must accompany breakaway, or otherwise this region would not have any significant interaction with the free-stream flow. This unwanted interaction causes a reduction in the performance of the flow device of interest (e.g. a loss of lift on an airfoil or a loss of pressure rise in a diffuser). It is too narrow a view to use vanishing surface shearing stress or flow reversal as the criterion for separation. Only in steady two-dimensional flow do these conditions usually accompany separation. In unsteady two dimensional flow the surface shear stress can change sign with flow reversal without the occurrence of breakaway_ Conversely, the breakdown of the boundary-layer concept can occur before any flow reversal is encountered. In three-dimensional flow the rotational layer can depart without the
TL;DR: In this article, a unified two-phase flow mixture model was developed to describe the flow and transport in the cathode for PEM fuel cells, where the boundary condition at the gas diffuser/catalyst layer interface couples the flow, transport, electrical potential and current density in the anode, cathode catalyst layer and membrane.
Abstract: A unified two-phase flow mixture model has been developed to describe the flow and transport in the cathode for PEM fuel cells. The boundary condition at the gas diffuser/catalyst layer interface couples the flow, transport, electrical potential and current density in the anode, cathode catalyst layer and membrane. Fuel cell performance predicted by this model is compared with experimental results and reasonable agreements are achieved. Typical two-phase flow distributions in the cathode gas diffuser and gas channel are presented. The main parameters influencing water transport across the membrane are also discussed. By studying the influences of water and thermal management on two-phase flow, it is found that two-phase flow characteristics in the cathode depend on the current density, operating temperature, and cathode and anode humidification temperatures.
01 Jan 2009
TL;DR: In this article, a massively parallel Large Eddy Simulation (LES) of a full helicopter combustion chamber is presented, in which a self-excited azimuthal mode develops naturally.
Abstract: While most academic set ups used to study combustion instabilities are limited to single burners and are submitted mainly to longitudinal acoustic modes, real gas turbines exhibit mostly azimuthal modes due to the annular shape of their chambers. This study presents a massively parallel Large Eddy Simulation (LES) of a full helicopter combustion chamber in which a self-excited azimuthal mode develops naturally. The whole chamber is computed from the diffuser outlet to the high pressure stator nozzle. LES captures this self-excited instability and results (unsteady pressure RMS and phase fields) show that it is characterized by two superimposed rotating modes with different amplitudes. These turning modes modulate the flow rate through the 15 burners and the flames oscillate back and forth in front of each burner, leading to local heat release fluctuations. LES demonstrates that the first effect of the turning modes is to induce longitudinal pulsations of the flow rates through individual burners. The transfer functions of all burners are the same and no mechanism of flame interactions between burners within the chamber is identified.