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Digital holography

About: Digital holography is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 5960 publications have been published within this topic receiving 91905 citations.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A new method is proposed in which the distribution of complex amplitude at a plane is measured by phase-shifting interferometry and then Fresnel transformed by a digital computer, which can reconstruct an arbitrary cross section of a three-dimensional object with higher image quality and a wider viewing angle than from conventional digital holography using an off-axis configuration.
Abstract: A new method for three-dimensional image formation is proposed in which the distribution of complex amplitude at a plane is measured by phase-shifting interferometry and then Fresnel transformed by a digital computer. The method can reconstruct an arbitrary cross section of a three-dimensional object with higher image quality and a wider viewing angle than from conventional digital holography using an off-axis configuration. Basic principles and experimental verification are described.

1,813 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The principle of recording holograms directly on a CCD target is described and a real image of the object is reconstructed from the digitally sampled hologram by means of numerical methods.
Abstract: The principle of recording holograms directly on a CCD target is described. A real image of the object is reconstructed from the digitally sampled hologram by means of numerical methods.

1,444 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A new application of digital holography for phase-contrast imaging and optical metrology and an application to surface profilometry shows excellent agreement with contact-stylus probe measurements.
Abstract: We present a new application of digital holography for phase-contrast imaging and optical metrology. This holographic imaging technique uses a CCD camera for recording of a digital Fresnel off-axis hologram and a numerical method for hologram reconstruction. The method simultaneously provides an amplitude-contrast image and a quantitative phase-contrast image. An application to surface profilometry is presented and shows excellent agreement with contact-stylus probe measurements.

1,202 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The principles and major applications of digital recording and numerical reconstruction of holograms (digital holography) are described, which are applied to measure shape and surface deformation of opaque bodies and refractive index fields within transparent media.
Abstract: This article describes the principles and major applications of digital recording and numerical reconstruction of holograms (digital holography). Digital holography became feasible since charged coupled devices (CCDs) with suitable numbers and sizes of pixels and computers with sufficient speed became available. The Fresnel or Fourier holograms are recorded directly by the CCD and stored digitally. No film material involving wet-chemical or other processing is necessary. The reconstruction of the wavefield, which is done optically by illumination of a hologram, is performed by numerical methods. The numerical reconstruction process is based on the Fresnel–Kirchhoff integral, which describes the diffraction of the reconstructing wave at the micro-structure of the hologram. In the numerical reconstruction process not only the intensity, but also the phase distribution of the stored wavefield can be computed from the digital hologram. This offers new possibilities for a variety of applications. Digital holography is applied to measure shape and surface deformation of opaque bodies and refractive index fields within transparent media. Further applications are imaging and microscopy, where it is advantageous to refocus the area under investigation by numerical methods.

1,171 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In high precision holographic imagery of weak objects of small angular subtense, electronic detection and digital image formation have distinct advantages as mentioned in this paper, and experiments with a vidicon detector and a PDP-6 computer have yielded reconstructed images of good quality with computation times of five minutes.
Abstract: In high precision holographic imagery of weak objects of small angular subtense, electronic detection and digital image formation have distinct advantages. Experiments with a vidicon detector and a PDP‐6 computer have yielded reconstructed images of good quality with computation times of five minutes.

1,002 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023146
2022322
2021195
2020252
2019297
2018323