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About: Diode is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 71552 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 812496 citation(s).

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01 Apr 1985
Abstract: Preface. Introduction. PART I: SEMICONDUCTOR PHYSICS. Energy Bands and Carrier Concentration in Thermal Equilibrium. Carrier Transport Phenomena. PART II: SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES. p-n Junction. Bipolar Transistor and Related Devices. MOSFET and Related Devices. MESFET and Related Devices. Microwave Diodes, Quantum-Effect, and Hot-Electron Devices. Photonic Devices. PART III: SEMICONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGY. Crystal Growth and Epitaxy. Film Formation. Lithography and Etching. Impurity Doping. Integrated Devices. Appendix A: List of Symbols. Appendix B: International Systems of Units (SI Units). Appendix C: Unit Prefixes. Appendix D: Greek Alphabet. Appendix E: Physical Constants. Appendix F: Properties of Important Element and Binary Compound Semiconductors at 300 K. Appendix G: Properties of Si and GaAs at 300 K. Appendix H: Derivation of the Density of States in Semiconductor. Appendix I: Derivation of Recombination Rate for Indirect Recombination. Appendix J: Calculation of the Transmission Coefficient for a Symmetric Resonant-Tunneling Diode. Appendix K: Basic Kinetic Theory of Gases. Appendix L: Answers to Selected Problems. Index.

3,660 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Ingredients. A Phenomenological Approach to Diode Lasers. Mirrors and Resonators for Diode Lasers. Gain and Current Relations. Dynamic Effects. Perturbation and Coupled--Mode Theory. Dielectric Waveguides. Photonic Integrated Circuits. Appendices. Index.

2,466 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
30 Jul 1999-Science
TL;DR: Improved materials would not only help to cool advanced electronics but could also provide energy benefits in refrigeration and when using waste heat to generate electrical power.
Abstract: In a typical thermoelectric device, a junction is formed from two different conducting materials, one containing positive charge carriers (holes) and the other negative charge carriers (electrons). When an electric current is passed in the appropriate direction through the junction, both types of charge carriers move away from the junction and convey heat away, thus cooling the junction. Similarly, a heat source at the junction causes carriers to flow away from the junction, making an electrical generator. Such devices have the advantage of containing no moving parts, but low efficiencies have limited their use to specialty applications, such as cooling laser diodes. The principles of thermoelectric devices are reviewed and strategies for increasing the efficiency of novel materials are explored. Improved materials would not only help to cool advanced electronics but could also provide energy benefits in refrigeration and when using waste heat to generate electrical power.

2,440 citations

01 Jan 2003
Abstract: Semiconductor devices have become indispensable for generating electromagnetic radiation in everyday applications. Visible and infrared diode lasers are at the core of information technology, and at the other end of the spectrum, microwave and radio-frequency emitters enable wireless communications. But the terahertz region (1-10 THz; 1 THz = 10(12) Hz) between these ranges has remained largely underdeveloped, despite the identification of various possible applications--for example, chemical detection, astronomy and medical imaging. Progress in this area has been hampered by the lack of compact, low-consumption, solid-state terahertz sources. Here we report a monolithic terahertz injection laser that is based on interminiband transitions in the conduction band of a semiconductor (GaAs/AlGaAs) heterostructure. The prototype demonstrated emits a single mode at 4.4 THz, and already shows high output powers of more than 2 mW with low threshold current densities of about a few hundred A cm(-2) up to 50 K. These results are very promising for extending the present laser concept to continuous-wave and high-temperature operation, which would lead to implementation in practical photonic systems.

2,132 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: InGaN multi-quantum-well (MQW) structure laser diodes (LDs) fabricated from III-V nitride materials were grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition on sapphire substrates. The mirror facet for a laser cavity was formed by etching of III-V nitride films without cleaving. As an active layer, the InGaN MQW structure was used. The InGaN MQW LDs produced 215 mW at a forward current of 2.3 A, with a sharp peak of light output at 417 nm that had a full width at half-maximum of 1.6 nm under the pulsed current injection at room temperature. The laser threshold current density was 4 kA/cm2. The emission wavelength is the shortest one ever generated by a semiconductor laser diode.

2,029 citations

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