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Distance-regular graph

About: Distance-regular graph is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 3512 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 59863 citation(s). more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1109/TIT.1979.1055985
László Lovász1Institutions (1)
Abstract: It is proved that the Shannon zero-error capacity of the pentagon is \sqrt{5} . The method is then generalized to obtain upper bounds on the capacity of an arbitrary graph. A well-characterized, and in a sense easily computable, function is introduced which bounds the capacity from above and equals the capacity in a large number of cases. Several results are obtained on the capacity of special graphs; for example, the Petersen graph has capacity four and a self-complementary graph with n points and with a vertex-transitive automorphism group has capacity \sqrt{5} . more

Topics: Shannon capacity of a graph (73%), Lovász number (66%), Petersen graph (66%) more

1,598 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1109/TKDE.2007.46
Abstract: This work presents a new perspective on characterizing the similarity between elements of a database or, more generally, nodes of a weighted and undirected graph. It is based on a Markov-chain model of random walk through the database. More precisely, we compute quantities (the average commute time, the pseudoinverse of the Laplacian matrix of the graph, etc.) that provide similarities between any pair of nodes, having the nice property of increasing when the number of paths connecting those elements increases and when the "length" of paths decreases. It turns out that the square root of the average commute time is a Euclidean distance and that the pseudoinverse of the Laplacian matrix is a kernel matrix (its elements are inner products closely related to commute times). A principal component analysis (PCA) of the graph is introduced for computing the subspace projection of the node vectors in a manner that preserves as much variance as possible in terms of the Euclidean commute-time distance. This graph PCA provides a nice interpretation to the "Fiedler vector," widely used for graph partitioning. The model is evaluated on a collaborative-recommendation task where suggestions are made about which movies people should watch based upon what they watched in the past. Experimental results on the MovieLens database show that the Laplacian-based similarities perform well in comparison with other methods. The model, which nicely fits into the so-called "statistical relational learning" framework, could also be used to compute document or word similarities, and, more generally, it could be applied to machine-learning and pattern-recognition tasks involving a relational database more

Topics: Laplacian matrix (66%), Null graph (63%), Random geometric graph (63%) more

1,139 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1023/A:1010767517079
Abstract: The Wiener index W is the sum of distances between all pairs of vertices of a (connected) graph. The paper outlines the results known for W of trees: methods for computation of W and combinatorial expressions for W for various classes of trees, the isomorphism–discriminating power of W, connections between W and the center and centroid of a tree, as well as between W and the Laplacian eigenvalues, results on the Wiener indices of the line graphs of trees, on trees extremal w.r.t. W, and on integers which cannot be Wiener indices of trees. A few conjectures and open problems are mentioned, as well as the applications of W in chemistry, communication theory and elsewhere. more

Topics: Wiener index (61%), Trémaux tree (57%), Distance-regular graph (54%) more

967 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.LAA.2004.02.038
R. Balakrishnan1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The energy, E(G), of a simple graph G is defined to be the sum of the absolute values of the eigen values of G. If G is a k-regular graph on n vertices,then E(G)⩽k+ k(n−1)(n−k) =B 2 and this bound is sharp. It is shown that for each ϵ>0, there exist infinitely many n for each of which there exists a k-regular graph G of order n with k E(G) B 2 . Two graphs with the same number of vertices are equienergetic if they have the same energy. We show that for any positive integer n⩾3, there exist two equienergetic graphs of order 4n that are not cospectral. more

Topics: Bound graph (68%), Graph power (67%), Graph toughness (65%) more

834 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1017/S0963548398003526
Michael Molloy1, Bruce Reed2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Given a sequence of nonnegative real numbers λ0, λ1, … that sum to 1, we consider a random graph having approximately λin vertices of degree i. In [12] the authors essentially show that if ∑i(i−2)λi>0 then the graph a.s. has a giant component, while if ∑i(i−2)λi<0 then a.s. all components in the graph are small. In this paper we analyse the size of the giant component in the former case, and the structure of the graph formed by deleting that component. We determine e, λ′0, λ′1 … such that a.s. the giant component, C, has en+o(n) vertices, and the structure of the graph remaining after deleting C is basically that of a random graph with n′=n−∣C∣ vertices, and with λ′in′ of them of degree i. more

Topics: Giant component (76%), Complement graph (71%), Graph power (70%) more

820 Citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Jack H. Koolen

22 papers, 272 citations

Ivan Gutman

22 papers, 2K citations

A. A. Makhnev

21 papers, 29 citations

Miguel Angel Fiol

17 papers, 220 citations

Noga Alon

15 papers, 557 citations

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