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Distortion

About: Distortion is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 41197 publications have been published within this topic receiving 473205 citations.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Although the new index is mathematically defined and no human visual system model is explicitly employed, experiments on various image distortion types indicate that it performs significantly better than the widely used distortion metric mean squared error.
Abstract: We propose a new universal objective image quality index, which is easy to calculate and applicable to various image processing applications. Instead of using traditional error summation methods, the proposed index is designed by modeling any image distortion as a combination of three factors: loss of correlation, luminance distortion, and contrast distortion. Although the new index is mathematically defined and no human visual system model is explicitly employed, our experiments on various image distortion types indicate that it performs significantly better than the widely used distortion metric mean squared error. Demonstrative images and an efficient MATLAB implementation of the algorithm are available online at http://anchovy.ece.utexas.edu//spl sim/zwang/research/quality_index/demo.html.

5,285 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Fourier transform data communication system is described and the effects of linear channel distortion are investigated and a differential phase modulation scheme is presented that obviates any equalization.
Abstract: The Fourier transform data communication system is a realization of frequency-division multiplexing (FDM) in which discrete Fourier transforms are computed as part of the modulation and demodulation processes. In addition to eliminating the bunks of subcarrier oscillators and coherent demodulators usually required in FDM systems, a completely digital implementation can be built around a special-purpose computer performing the fast Fourier transform. In this paper, the system is described and the effects of linear channel distortion are investigated. Signal design criteria and equalization algorithms are derived and explained. A differential phase modulation scheme is presented that obviates any equalization.

2,507 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A camera model that accounts for major sources of camera distortion, namely, radial, decentering, and thin prism distortions is presented and a type of measure is introduced that can be used to directly evaluate the performance of calibration and compare calibrations among different systems.
Abstract: A camera model that accounts for major sources of camera distortion, namely, radial, decentering, and thin prism distortions is presented. The proposed calibration procedure consists of two steps: (1) the calibration parameters are estimated using a closed-form solution based on a distribution-free camera model; and (2) the parameters estimated in the first step are improved iteratively through a nonlinear optimization, taking into account camera distortions. According to minimum variance estimation, the objective function to be minimized is the mean-square discrepancy between the observed image points and their inferred image projections computed with the estimated calibration parameters. The authors introduce a type of measure that can be used to directly evaluate the performance of calibration and compare calibrations among different systems. The validity and performance of the calibration procedure are tested with both synthetic data and real images taken by tele- and wide-angle lenses. >

1,896 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A quality assessment method [most apparent distortion (MAD)], which attempts to explicitly model these two separate strategies, local luminance and contrast masking and changes in the local statistics of spatial-frequency components are used to estimate appearance-based perceived distortion in low-quality images.
Abstract: The mainstream approach to image quality assessment has centered around accurately modeling the single most relevant strategy employed by the human visual system (HVS) when judging image quality (e.g., detecting visible differences, and extracting image structure/information). In this work, we suggest that a single strategy may not be sufficient; rather, we advocate that the HVS uses multiple strategies to determine image quality. For images containing near-threshold distortions, the image is most apparent, and thus the HVS attempts to look past the image and look for the distortions (a detection-based strategy). For images containing clearly visible distortions, the distortions are most apparent, and thus the HVS attempts to look past the distortion and look for the image's subject matter (an appearance-based strategy). Here, we present a quality assessment method [most apparent distortion (MAD)], which attempts to explicitly model these two separate strategies. Local luminance and contrast masking are used to estimate detection-based perceived distortion in high-quality images, whereas changes in the local statistics of spatial-frequency components are used to estimate appearance-based perceived distortion in low-quality images. We show that a combination of these two measures can perform well in predicting subjective ratings of image quality.

1,651 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202233
20211,214
20201,495
20191,823
20181,576
20171,439