Topic

# Doppler broadening

About: Doppler broadening is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 5509 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 92552 citation(s).

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: In this article, the Doppler effect results from the recoil momentum changing the translational energy of the radiating atom, and it is shown that the assumption that recoil momentum is given to the radii is incorrect if collisions are taking place.

Abstract: Quantum mechanically the Doppler effect results from the recoil momentum changing the translational energy of the radiating atom. The assumption that the recoil momentum is given to the radiating atom is shown to be incorrect if collisions are taking place. If the collisions do not cause broadening by affecting the internal state of the radiator, they result in a substantial narrowing of the Doppler broadened line.

1,199 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, it was shown that a low-density gas can be cooled by illuminating it with intense, quasi-monochromatic light confined to the lower-frequency half of a resonance line's Doppler width.

Abstract: It is shown that a low-density gas can be cooled by illuminating it with intense, quasi-monochromatic light confined to the lower-frequency half of a resonance line's Doppler width. Translational kinetic energy can be transferred from the gas to the scattered light, until the atomic velocity is reduced by the ratio of the Doppler width to the natural line width.

1,003 citations

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TL;DR: The nonlinear pulse propagation in photonic crystal fibers without slowly varying envelope approximation is studied using an improved variant of first-order wave equation and good agreement with experimental observations is found.

Abstract: The nonlinear pulse propagation in photonic crystal fibers without slowly varying envelope approximation is studied using an improved variant of first-order wave equation. Supercontinuum generation is shown to be caused by a novel mechanism of spectral broadening through fission of higher-order solitons into redshifted fundamental solitons and blueshifted nonsolitonic radiation. Good agreement with experimental observations is found, and subcycle pulse compression is studied.

702 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the contribution of the far wings of collisionally broadened spectral lines to the water vapor continuum absorption is established, and the effects of deviations from the impact (Lorentz) line shape due to duration of collision effects are treated semi-empirically to provide agreement with experimental results for the continuum absorption and its temperature-dependence.

Abstract: A formulation is developed in which the contribution of the far wings of collisionally broadened spectral lines to the water vapor continuum absorption is established. The effects of deviations from the impact (Lorentz) line shape due to duration of collision effects are treated semi-empirically to provide agreement with experimental results for the continuum absorption and its temperature-dependence. The continua due to both water-water molecular broadening (self-broadening) and water-air molecular broadening (foreign broadening) are discussed. Several atmospheric validations of the present approach are presented.

648 citations

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Yale University

^{1}TL;DR: By using the classical Fourier integral theory, an expression is given for the shape of a spectral line, broadened by phase changes due to collisions and by actual changes in velocity of the emitting particles resulting from collisions as mentioned in this paper.

Abstract: By using the classical Fourier integral theory, an expression is given for the shape of a spectral line, broadened by phase changes due to collisions and by the actual changes in velocity of the emitting particles resulting from collisions. The result is not a simple Voigt-type folding of an exponential into a dispersion distribution; it exhibits the contraction noted by Dicke and leads to the usual formulas when the time interval between path-deflecting or phase-disturbing collisions becomes very great.

621 citations