scispace - formally typeset

Topic

Doxorubicin

About: Doxorubicin is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 9411 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 337278 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Adriamycin® & Doxil®.


Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An overview of issues confirms that anthracyclines remain “evergreen” drugs with broad clinical indications but have still an improvable therapeutic index.
Abstract: The clinical use of anthracyclines like doxorubicin and daunorubicin can be viewed as a sort of double-edged sword. On the one hand, anthracyclines play an undisputed key role in the treatment of many neoplastic diseases; on the other hand, chronic administration of anthracyclines induces cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure usually refractory to common medications. Second-generation analogs like epirubicin or idarubicin exhibit improvements in their therapeutic index, but the risk of inducing cardiomyopathy is not abated. It is because of their janus behavior (activity in tumors vis-a-vis toxicity in cardiomyocytes) that anthracyclines continue to attract the interest of preclinical and clinical investigations despite their longer-than-40-year record of longevity. Here we review recent progresses that may serve as a framework for reappraising the activity and toxicity of anthracyclines on basic and clinical pharmacology grounds. We review 1) new aspects of anthracycline-induced DNA damage in cancer cells; 2) the role of iron and free radicals as causative factors of apoptosis or other forms of cardiac damage; 3) molecular mechanisms of cardiotoxic synergism between anthracyclines and other anticancer agents; 4) the pharmacologic rationale and clinical recommendations for using cardioprotectants while not interfering with tumor response; 5) the development of tumor-targeted anthracycline formulations; and 6) the designing of third-generation analogs and their assessment in preclinical or clinical settings. An overview of these issues confirms that anthracyclines remain "evergreen" drugs with broad clinical indications but have still an improvable therapeutic index.

3,054 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
16 Jan 1998-Science
TL;DR: In vivo selection of phage display libraries was used to isolate peptides that home specifically to tumor blood vessels that enhanced the efficacy of the anticancer drug doxorubicin and reduced its toxicity.
Abstract: In vivo selection of phage display libraries was used to isolate peptides that home specifically to tumor blood vessels. When coupled to the anticancer drug doxorubicin, two of these peptides-one containing an alphav integrin-binding Arg-Gly-Asp motif and the other an Asn-Gly-Arg motif-enhanced the efficacy of the drug against human breast cancer xenografts in nude mice and also reduced its toxicity. These results indicate that it may be possible to develop targeted chemotherapy strategies that are based on selective expression of receptors in tumor vasculature.

2,127 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The potential role of DNA synthesis inhibition, free radical formation and lipid peroxidation, DNA binding and alkylation, DNA cross-linking, interference with DNA strand separation and helicase activity, direct membrane effects, and the initiation of DNA damage via the inhibition of topoisomerase II in the interaction of these drugs with the tumor cell are addressed.
Abstract: The mechanisms responsible for the antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects of the anthracycline antibiotics doxorubicin (Adriamycin®) and daunorubicin (daunomycin) have been the subject of considerable controversy. This commentary addresses the potential role of DNA synthesis inhibition, free radical formation and lipid peroxidation, DNA binding and alkylation, DNA cross-linking, interference with DNA strand separation and helicase activity, direct membrane effects, and the initiation of DNA damage via the inhibition of topoisomerase II in the interaction of these drugs with the tumor cell. One premise underlying this analysis is that only studies utilizing drug concentrations that reflect the plasma levels in the patient after either bolus administration or continuous infusion are considered to reflect the basis for drug action in the clinic. The role of free radicals in anthracycline cardiotoxicity is also discussed.

2,001 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The tumors most commonly responding to doxorubicin when it is given as a single agent or in combination with other antitumor agents include breast and esophageal carcinomas; osteosarcoma, Kaposi's sarcoma and soft-tissue sarcomas; and Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.
Abstract: Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) has been used in oncologic practice since the late 1960s. It held promise as a powerful drug in the fight against cancer. The tumors most commonly responding to doxorubicin when it is given as a single agent or in combination with other antitumor agents include breast and esophageal carcinomas; osteosarcoma, Kaposi's sarcoma, and soft-tissue sarcomas; and Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Other cancers that are less responsive to doxorubicin but that are still treated with the drug because of its overall benefits include gastric, liver, bile-duct, pancreatic, and endometrial carcinomas. However, reports of fatal cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin have . . .

1,585 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The frontline drug doxorubicin has been used for treating cancer for over 30 years but causes toxicity to most major organs, especially life‐threatening cardiotoxicity, which forces the treatment to become dose‐limiting.
Abstract: Objectives The frontline drug doxorubicin has been used for treating cancer for over 30 years. While providing a cure in select cases, doxorubicin causes toxicity to most major organs, especially life-threatening cardiotoxicity, which forces the treatment to become dose-limiting. Key findings Doxorubicin is known to bind to DNA-associated enzymes, intercalate with DNA base pairs, and target multiple molecular targets to produce a range of cytotoxic effects. For instance, it causes the activation of various molecular signals from AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase inducing apoptosis) to influence the Bcl-2/Bax apoptosis pathway. By altering the Bcl-2/Bax ratio, downstream activation of different caspases can occur resulting in apoptosis. Doxorubicin also induces apoptosis and necrosis in healthy tissue causing toxicity in the brain, liver, kidney and heart. Over the years, many studies have been conducted to devise a drug delivery system that would eliminate these adverse affects including liposomes, hydrogel and nanoparticulate systems, and we highlight the pros and cons of these drug delivery systems. Summary Overall the future for the continued use of doxorubicin clinically against cancer looks set to be prolonged, provided certain enhancements as listed above are made to its chemistry, delivery and toxicity. Increased efficacy depends on these three aims being met satisfactorily as discussed in turn in this review.

1,536 citations


Network Information
Related Topics (5)
Cell growth

104.2K papers, 3.7M citations

87% related
Apoptosis

115.4K papers, 4.8M citations

86% related
Cell culture

133.3K papers, 5.3M citations

86% related
Cancer

339.6K papers, 10.9M citations

84% related
Programmed cell death

60.5K papers, 3.8M citations

82% related
Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20225
2021503
2020559
2019539
2018514
2017442