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Earnings

About: Earnings is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 39130 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1499247 citation(s).


Papers
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Book
15 May 2009
Abstract: "Human Capital" is Becker's study of how investment in an individual's education and training is similar to business investments in equipment. Becker looks at the effects of investment in education on earnings and employment, and shows how his theory measures the incentive for such investment, as well as the costs and returns from college and high school education. Another part of the study explores the relation between age and earnings. This edition includes four new chapters, covering recent ideas about human capital, fertility and economic growth, the division of labour, economic considerations within the family, and inequality in earnings.

12,071 citations

Book
01 Jan 1890
Abstract: BOOK I: PRELIMINARY SURVEY 1. Introduction 2. The Substance of Economics 3. Economic Generalizations or Laws 4. The Order and Aims of Economic Studies BOOK II: SOME FUNDAMENTAL NOTIONS 1. Introductory 2. Wealth 3. Production, Consumption, Labour, Necessaries 4. Income. Capital. BOOK III: ON WANTS AND THEIR SATISFACTION 1. Introductory 2. Wants in Relation to Activities 3. Gradations of consumers' demand 4. The elasticity of wants 5. Choice between different uses of the same thing. Immediate and deferred uses. 6. Value and utility BOOK IV: THE AGENTS OF PRODUCTION. LAND, LABOUR, CAPITAL AND ORGANIZATION T 1. Introductory 2. The Fertility of Land 3. The Fertility of Land, continued. The Tendency to Diminishing Return. 4. The Growth of Population 5. The Health and Strength of the Population 6. Industrial Training. 7. The Growth of Wealth 8. Industrial Organization 9. Industrial Organization, continued. Division of Labour. The Influence of Machinery 10. Industrial Organization, continued. The Concentration of the Specialized Industries in Particular Localities. 11. Industrial Organization, continued. Production on a Large Scale 12. Industrial Organization, continued. Business Management. 13. Conclusion. Correlation of the Tendencies to Increasing and to Diminishing Return BOOK V: GENERAL RELATIONS OF DEMAND, SUPPLY, AND VALUE 1. Introductory. On Markets. 2. Temporary Equilibrium of Demand and Supply 3. Equilibrium of Normal Demand and Supply 4. The Investment and Distribution of Resources 5. Equilibrium of Normal Demand and Supply, continued, with reference to long and short periods 6. Joint and Composite Demand. Joint and Composite Supply 7. Prime and total cost in relation to joint products. Cost of marketing. Insurance against risk. Cost of Reproduction. 8. Marginal costs in relation to values. General Principles. 9. Marginal costs in relation to values. General Principles, continued 10. Marginal costs in relation to agricultural values 11. Marginal costs in relation to urban values 12. Equilibrium of normal demand and supply, continued, with reference to the law of increasing return 13. Theory of changes of normal demand and supply, in relation to the doctrine of maximum satisfaction 14. The theory of monopolies 15. Summary of the general theory of equilibrium of demand and supply BOOK VI: THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE NATIONAL INCOME 1. Preliminary survey of distribution 2. Preliminary survey of distribution, continued 3. Earnings of labour 4. Earnings of labour, continued 5. Earnings of labour, continued 6. Interest of capital 7. Profits of capital and business power 8. Profits of capital and business power, continued 9. Rent of land 10. Land tenure 11. General view of distribution 12. General influences of progress on value 13. Progress in relation to standards of life

11,511 citations

Book
01 May 1974
Abstract: Analyzes the distribution of worker earnings across workers and over the working age as consequences of differential investments in human capital. The study also develops the human capital earnings function, an econometric tool for assessing rates of return and other investment parameters.

8,440 citations

Posted Content
Abstract: A diverse array of factors may influence both earnings and consumption; however, this work primarily focuses on the impact of investments in human capital upon an individual's potential earnings and psychic income. For this study, investments in human capital include such factors as educational level, on-the-job skills training, health care, migration, and consideration of issues regarding regional prices and income. Taking into account varying cultures and political regimes, the research indicates that economic earnings tend to be positively correlated to education and skill level. Additionally, studies indicate an inverse correlation between education and unemployment. Presents a theoretical overview of the types of human capital and the impact of investment in human capital on earnings and rates of return. Then utilizes empirical data and research to analyze the theoretical issues related to investment in human capital, specifically formal education. Considered are such issues as costs and returns of investments, and social and private gains of individuals. The research compares and contrasts these factors based upon both education and skill level. Areas of future research are identified, including further analysis of issues regarding social gains and differing levels of success across different regions and countries. (AKP)

7,856 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This study tests whether firms that would benefit from import relief (eg, tariff increases and quota reductions) attempt to decrease earnings through earnings management during import relief investigations by the United States International Trade Commission (ITC) The import relief determination made by the ITC is based on several factors that are specified in the federal trade acts, including the profitability of the industry Explicit use of accounting numbers in import relief regulation provides incentives for managers to manage earnings in order to increase the likelihood of obtaining import relief and/or increase the amount of relief granted While studies of earnings management typically examine situations in which all contracting parties have incentives to "perfectly" monitor (adjust) accounting numbers for such manipulation, import relief investigations provide a specific motive for earnings management that is not

6,720 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202211
20211,227
20201,483
20191,466
20181,403
20171,718