Topic

# Eddy current

About: Eddy current is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 18824 publications have been published within this topic receiving 181795 citations. The topic is also known as: eddy currents.

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TL;DR: This work presents an improvement on the spin‐echo (SE) diffusion sequence that displays less distortion and consequently improves image quality, and allows more flexible diffusion gradient timing.

Abstract: Image distortion due to field gradient eddy currents can create image artifacts in diffusion-weighted MR images. These images, acquired by measuring the attenuation of NMR signal due to directionally dependent diffusion, have recently been shown to be useful in the diagnosis and assessment of acute stroke and in mapping of tissue structure. This work presents an improvement on the spin-echo (SE) diffusion sequence that displays less distortion and consequently improves image quality. Adding a second refocusing pulse provides better image quality with less distortion at no cost in scanning efficiency or effectiveness, and allows more flexible diffusion gradient timing. By adjusting the timing of the diffusion gradients, eddy currents with a single exponential decay constant can be nulled, and eddy currents with similar decay constants can be greatly reduced. This new sequence is demonstrated in phantom measurements and in diffusion anisotropy images of normal human brain.

1,283 citations

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01 Aug 1966

TL;DR: In this article, the effect of eddy currents on transformer windings is considered and a method is derived for calculating the variation of winding resistance and leakage inductance with frequency for transformers with single-layer, multilayer and sectionalised windings.

Abstract: The effects of eddy currents in transformer windings are considered, and a method is derived for calculating the variation of winding resistance and leakage inductance with frequency for transformers with single-layer, multilayer and sectionalised windings. The method consists in dividing the winding into portions, calculating the d.c. resistances and d.c. leakage inductances of each of these portions, and then multiplying the d.c. values by appropriate factors to obtain the corresponding a.c. values. These a.c. values are then referred to, say, the primary winding and summed to give the total winding resistance and leakage inductance of the transformer. Formulas are derived and quoted for calculating the d.c. resistances and leakage inductances of the winding portions. Theoretical expressions are derived for the variation with frequency etc. of the factors by which the d.c. values must be multiplied to obtain the corresponding a.c. values. These expressions are presented in the form of graphs, permitting the factors to be read as required.

1,246 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the axially symmetric eddy-current problems are solved in two configurations of wide applicability. But the solutions are in the form of integrals of first-order Bessel functions giving the vector potential, from which other electromagnetic quantities of interest can be obtained.

Abstract: Solutions have been obtained for axially symmetric eddy‐current problems in two configurations of wide applicability. In both cases, the eddy currents are assumed to be produced by a circular coil of rectangular cross section, driven by a constant amplitude alternating current. One solution is for a coil above a semi‐infinite conducting slab with a plane surface, covered with a uniform layer of another conductor. This solution includes the special cases of a coil above a single infinite plane conductor or above a sheet of finite thickness, as well as the case of one metal clad on another. The other solution is for a coil surrounding an infinitely long circular conducting rod with a uniformly thick coating of another conductor. This includes the special cases of a coil around a conducting tube or rod, as well as one metal clad on a rod of another metal. The solutions are in the form of integrals of first‐order Bessel functions giving the vector potential, from which the other electromagnetic quantities of interest can be obtained. The coil impedance has been calculated for the case of a coil above a two‐conductor plane. The agreement between the calculated and experimental values is excellent.

1,027 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a physical model for planar spiral inductors on silicon, which accounts for eddy current effect in the conductor, crossover capacitance between the spiral and center-tap, capacitance in the spiral, substrate ohmic loss, and substrate capacitance.

Abstract: This paper presents a physical model for planar spiral inductors on silicon, which accounts for eddy current effect in the conductor, crossover capacitance between the spiral and center-tap, capacitance between the spiral and substrate, substrate ohmic loss, and substrate capacitance. The model has been confirmed with measured results of inductors having a wide range of layout and process parameters. This scalable inductor model enables the prediction and optimization of inductor performance.

867 citations

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TL;DR: A review of the magnetic properties, characteristics, processing and applications of soft magnetic composite materials is presented in this paper, where the authors describe soft magnetic composites (SMCs) as ferromagnetic powder particles surrounded by an electrical insulating film.

801 citations