Topic

# Eigenvalues and eigenvectors

About: Eigenvalues and eigenvectors is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 51740 publications have been published within this topic receiving 1143242 citations. The topic is also known as: eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

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TL;DR: In this paper, a method for accurate and efficient local density functional calculations (LDF) on molecules is described and presented with results using fast convergent threedimensional numerical integrations to calculate the matrix elements occurring in the Ritz variation method.

Abstract: A method for accurate and efficient local density functional calculations (LDF) on molecules is described and presented with results The method, Dmol for short, uses fast convergent three‐dimensional numerical integrations to calculate the matrix elements occurring in the Ritz variation method The flexibility of the integration technique opens the way to use the most efficient variational basis sets A practical choice of numerical basis sets is shown with a built‐in capability to reach the LDF dissociation limit exactly Dmol includes also an efficient, exact approach for calculating the electrostatic potential Results on small molecules illustrate present accuracy and error properties of the method Computational effort for this method grows to leading order with the cube of the molecule size Except for the solution of an algebraic eigenvalue problem the method can be refined to quadratic growth for large molecules

7,750 citations

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01 Jan 1965

TL;DR: Theoretical background Perturbation theory Error analysis Solution of linear algebraic equations Hermitian matrices Reduction of a general matrix to condensed form Eigenvalues of matrices of condensed forms The LR and QR algorithms Iterative methods Bibliography.

Abstract: Theoretical background Perturbation theory Error analysis Solution of linear algebraic equations Hermitian matrices Reduction of a general matrix to condensed form Eigenvalues of matrices of condensed forms The LR and QR algorithms Iterative methods Bibliography Index.

7,420 citations

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01 Jan 1947

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present an algebraic extension of LINEAR TRANSFORMATIONS and QUADRATIC FORMS, and apply it to EIGEN-VARIATIONS.

Abstract: Partial table of contents: THE ALGEBRA OF LINEAR TRANSFORMATIONS AND QUADRATIC FORMS. Transformation to Principal Axes of Quadratic and Hermitian Forms. Minimum-Maximum Property of Eigenvalues. SERIES EXPANSION OF ARBITRARY FUNCTIONS. Orthogonal Systems of Functions. Measure of Independence and Dimension Number. Fourier Series. Legendre Polynomials. LINEAR INTEGRAL EQUATIONS. The Expansion Theorem and Its Applications. Neumann Series and the Reciprocal Kernel. The Fredholm Formulas. THE CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS. Direct Solutions. The Euler Equations. VIBRATION AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS. Systems of a Finite Number of Degrees of Freedom. The Vibrating String. The Vibrating Membrane. Green's Function (Influence Function) and Reduction of Differential Equations to Integral Equations. APPLICATION OF THE CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS TO EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS. Completeness and Expansion Theorems. Nodes of Eigenfunctions. SPECIAL FUNCTIONS DEFINED BY EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS. Bessel Functions. Asymptotic Expansions. Additional Bibliography. Index.

7,401 citations

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TL;DR: A method of scaling ratios using the principal eigenvector of a positive pairwise comparison matrix is investigated, showing that λmax = n is a necessary and sufficient condition for consistency.

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate a method of scaling ratios using the principal eigenvector of a positive pairwise comparison matrix. Consistency of the matrix data is defined and measured by an expression involving the average of the nonprincipal eigenvalues. We show that λmax = n is a necessary and sufficient condition for consistency. We also show that twice this measure is the variance in judgmental errors. A scale of numbers from 1 to 9 is introduced together with a discussion of how it compares with other scales. To illustrate the theory, it is then applied to some examples for which the answer is known, offering the opportunity for validating the approach. The discussion is then extended to multiple criterion decision making by formally introducing the notion of a hierarchy, investigating some properties of hierarchies, and applying the eigenvalue approach to scaling complex problems structured hierarchically to obtain a unidimensional composite vector for scaling the elements falling in any single level of the hierarchy. A brief discussion is also included regarding how the hierarchy serves as a useful tool for decomposing a large-scale problem, in order to make measurement possible despite the now-classical observation that the mind is limited to 7 ± 2 factors for simultaneous comparison.

6,995 citations

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TL;DR: Eigenvalues and the Laplacian of a graph Isoperimetric problems Diameters and eigenvalues Paths, flows, and routing Eigen values and quasi-randomness

Abstract: Eigenvalues and the Laplacian of a graph Isoperimetric problems Diameters and eigenvalues Paths, flows, and routing Eigenvalues and quasi-randomness Expanders and explicit constructions Eigenvalues of symmetrical graphs Eigenvalues of subgraphs with boundary conditions Harnack inequalities Heat kernels Sobolev inequalities Advanced techniques for random walks on graphs Bibliography Index.

6,908 citations