Topic

# Electrical network

About: Electrical network is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 9144 publications have been published within this topic receiving 120871 citations. The topic is also known as: electrical circuit & circuit.

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors developed a model for autonomous operation of inverter-based micro-grids, where each sub-module is modeled in state-space form and all are combined together on a common reference frame.

Abstract: The analysis of the small-signal stability of conventional power systems is well established, but for inverter based microgrids there is a need to establish how circuit and control features give rise to particular oscillatory modes and which of these have poor damping. This paper develops the modeling and analysis of autonomous operation of inverter-based microgrids. Each sub-module is modeled in state-space form and all are combined together on a common reference frame. The model captures the detail of the control loops of the inverter but not the switching action. Some inverter modes are found at relatively high frequency and so a full dynamic model of the network (rather than an algebraic impedance model) is used. The complete model is linearized around an operating point and the resulting system matrix is used to derive the eigenvalues. The eigenvalues (termed "modes") indicate the frequency and damping of oscillatory components in the transient response. A sensitivity analysis is also presented which helps identifying the origin of each of the modes and identify possible feedback signals for design of controllers to improve the system stability. With experience it is possible to simplify the model (reduce the order) if particular modes are not of interest as is the case with synchronous machine models. Experimental results from a microgrid of three 10-kW inverters are used to verify the results obtained from the model

2,482 citations

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Hydro One

^{1}TL;DR: In this paper, the voltage stability analysis of large power systems by using a modal analysis technique is discussed, using a steady-state system model, a specified number of the smallest eigenvalues and the associated eigenvectors of a reduced Jacobian matrix.

Abstract: The authors discuss the voltage stability analysis of large power systems by using a modal analysis technique. The method computes, using a steady-state system model, a specified number of the smallest eigenvalues and the associated eigenvectors of a reduced Jacobian matrix. The eigenvalues, each of which is associated with a mode of voltage/reactive power variation, provide a relative measure of proximity to voltage instability. The eigenvectors are used to describe the mode shape and to provide information about the network elements and generators which participate in each mode. A simultaneous iteration method, which is well suited to applications involving large power systems, is used for selective calculation of appropriate eigenvalues. Results obtained using a 3700 bus test system are presented illustrating the applicability of the approach. >

1,002 citations

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01 Jul 1993TL;DR: In this paper, two fundamentally different types of invertor can be used for this purpose, one providing control of output voltage magnitude and phase angle, and the other having only phase angle control.

Abstract: The advanced static Var compensator (now widely known as the static condenser or STATCON) uses a high power self-commutating inverter to draw reactive current from a transmission line. Two fundamentally different types of invertor can be used for this purpose, one providing control of output voltage magnitude and phase angle, and the other having only phase angle control. For each of these types, the governing equations are derived, and frequency domain analysis is used to obtain the relevant transfer functions for control system synthesis. Further analysis is provided to determine the response of the STATCON to negative sequence and harmonic voltage components on the transmission line. The results are illustrated with measured waveforms obtained from a scaled analogue model of an 80 MVAr STATCON.<
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974 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe a heuristic method for the reconfiguration of distribution networks in order to reduce their resistive line losses under normal operating conditions, characterized by convergence to the optimum or a near-optimum solution and the independence of the final solution from the initial status of the network switches.

Abstract: The authors describe a heuristic method for the reconfiguration of distribution networks in order to reduce their resistive line losses under normal operating conditions. The proposed approach is characterized by convergence to the optimum or a near-optimum solution and the independence of the final solution from the initial status of the network switches. The methodology has been implemented in a production-grade computer program, DISTOP (Distribution Network Optimization). The compensation-based power flow technique developed at Pacific Gas and Electric Company for the efficient solution of weakly meshed distribution networks is an essential part of this loss reduction methodology. Important implementation aspects of the methodology and the results of its application to several realistic distribution networks are presented. Numerous test results have indicated that the proposed technique is computationally robust and efficient and, hence, suitable for both planning and operations studies. >

918 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the performance of linear controllers such as proportional-integral, proportional-resonant, and deadbeat (DB) controllers for grid-connected distributed power generation systems has been evaluated.

Abstract: This paper discusses the evaluation of different current controllers employed for grid-connected distributed power generation systems having variable input power, such as wind turbines and photovoltaic systems. The focus is mainly set on linear controllers such as proportional-integral, proportional-resonant, and deadbeat (DB) controllers. Additionally, an improved DB controller robust against grid impedance variation is also presented. Since the paper discusses the implementation of these controllers for grid-connected applications, their evaluation is made in three operating conditions. First, in steady-state conditions, the contribution of controllers to the total harmonic distortion of the grid current is pursued. Further on, the behavior of controllers in the case of transient conditions like input power variations and grid voltage faults is also examined. Experimental results in each case are presented in order to evaluate the performance of the controllers.

886 citations