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Electron mobility

About: Electron mobility is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 27942 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 840984 citation(s).


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
22 Oct 2004-Science
TL;DR: Monocrystalline graphitic films are found to be a two-dimensional semimetal with a tiny overlap between valence and conductance bands and they exhibit a strong ambipolar electric field effect.
Abstract: We describe monocrystalline graphitic films, which are a few atoms thick but are nonetheless stable under ambient conditions, metallic, and of remarkably high quality. The films are found to be a two-dimensional semimetal with a tiny overlap between valence and conductance bands, and they exhibit a strong ambipolar electric field effect such that electrons and holes in concentrations up to 10 13 per square centimeter and with room-temperature mobilities of ∼10,000 square centimeters per volt-second can be induced by applying gate voltage.

48,846 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We have achieved mobilities in excess of 200,000 cm2 V −1 s−1 at electron densities of ∼2 ×1011 cm−2 by suspending single layer graphene. Suspension ∼150 nm above a Si/SiO2 gate electrode and electrical contacts to the graphene was achieved by a combination of electron beam lithography and etching. The specimens were cleaned in situ by employing current-induced heating, directly resulting in a significant improvement of electrical transport. Concomitant with large mobility enhancement, the widths of the characteristic Dirac peaks are reduced by a factor of 10 compared to traditional, nonsuspended devices. This advance should allow for accessing the intrinsic transport properties of graphene.

6,549 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
21 Mar 2014-ACS Nano
Abstract: We introduce the 2D counterpart of layered black phosphorus, which we call phosphorene, as an unexplored p-type semiconducting material. Same as graphene and MoS2, single-layer phosphorene is flexible and can be mechanically exfoliated. We find phosphorene to be stable and, unlike graphene, to have an inherent, direct, and appreciable band gap. Our ab initio calculations indicate that the band gap is direct, depends on the number of layers and the in-layer strain, and is significantly larger than the bulk value of 0.31–0.36 eV. The observed photoluminescence peak of single-layer phosphorene in the visible optical range confirms that the band gap is larger than that of the bulk system. Our transport studies indicate a hole mobility that reflects the structural anisotropy of phosphorene and complements n-type MoS2. At room temperature, our few-layer phosphorene field-effect transistors with 1.0 μm channel length display a high on-current of 194 mA/mm, a high hole field-effect mobility of 286 cm2/V·s, and an...

4,399 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Han Liu, Adam T. Neal, Zhen Zhu, David Tománek, Peide D. Ye1 
Abstract: Preceding the current interest in layered materials for electronic applications, research in the 1960's found that black phosphorus combines high carrier mobility with a fundamental band gap. We introduce its counterpart, dubbed few-layer phosphorene, as a new 2D p-type material. Same as graphene and MoS2, phosphorene is flexible and can be mechanically exfoliated. We find phosphorene to be stable and, unlike graphene, to have an inherent, direct and appreciable band-gap that depends on the number of layers. Our transport studies indicate a carrier mobility that reflects its structural anisotropy and is superior to MoS2. At room temperature, our phosphorene field-effect transistors with 1.0 um channel length display a high on-current of 194 mA/mm, a high hole field-effect mobility of 286 cm2/Vs, and an on/off ratio up to 1E4. We demonstrate the possibility of phosphorene integration by constructing the first 2D CMOS inverter of phosphorene PMOS and MoS2 NMOS transistors.

3,846 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
29 Jan 2004-Nature
TL;DR: A model interface is examined between two insulating perovskite oxides—LaAlO3 and SrTiO3—in which the termination layer at the interface is controlled on an atomic scale, presenting a broad opportunity to tailor low-dimensional charge states by atomically engineered oxide heteroepitaxy.
Abstract: Polarity discontinuities at the interfaces between different crystalline materials (heterointerfaces) can lead to nontrivial local atomic and electronic structure, owing to the presence of dangling bonds and incomplete atomic coordinations. These discontinuities often arise in naturally layered oxide structures, such as the superconducting copper oxides and ferroelectric titanates, as well as in artificial thin film oxide heterostructures such as manganite tunnel junctions. If polarity discontinuities can be atomically controlled, unusual charge states that are inaccessible in bulk materials could be realized. Here we have examined a model interface between two insulating perovskite oxides--LaAlO3 and SrTiO3--in which we control the termination layer at the interface on an atomic scale. In the simple ionic limit, this interface presents an extra half electron or hole per two-dimensional unit cell, depending on the structure of the interface. The hole-doped interface is found to be insulating, whereas the electron-doped interface is conducting, with extremely high carrier mobility exceeding 10,000 cm2 V(-1) s(-1). At low temperature, dramatic magnetoresistance oscillations periodic with the inverse magnetic field are observed, indicating quantum transport. These results present a broad opportunity to tailor low-dimensional charge states by atomically engineered oxide heteroepitaxy.

3,571 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202243
2021850
2020958
2019988
20181,081
20171,115