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# Electronic speed control

About: Electronic speed control is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 23115 publications have been published within this topic receiving 180296 citations.

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Virginia Tech

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, the authors present an analytical method for the computation of machine characteristics, such as Inductance and Rotor Position vs. Excitation Current Comparison of Measured, Analytic and Finite Element Results.

Abstract: PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION OF THE SWITCH RELUCTANCE MOTOR (SRM) Introduction Background Elementary Operation of the Switch Reluctance Motor Principle of Operation of the Switched Reluctance Motor Derivation of the Relationship Between Inductance and Rotor Position Equivalent Circuit SRM Configurations Linear Switched Reluctance Machines References DERIVATION OF SRM CHARACTERISTICS Introduction Data for Performance Computation Analytic Method for the Computation of Machine Characteristics Computation of Unaligned Inductance Computation of Aligned Inductance Computation of Inductance vs. Rotor Position vs. Excitation Current Comparison of Measured, Analytic and Finite Element Results References DESIGN OF SRM Introduction Derivation of Output Equation Selection of Dimensions Design Verification Operational Limit Selection of Number of Phases Selection of Poles Ratio of Pole-Arc to Pole-Pitch Selection of Pole Base Selection of Pole-Arcs Measurement of Inductance Calculation of Torque Design of Linear Switched Reluctance Machine (LSRM) References CHAPTER 4: CONVERTERS FOR SRM DRIVES Converter Configurations Asymmetric Bridge Converter Asymmetric Converter Variation Single Switch per Phase Converters m Switches and 2m Diodes m Switches and 2m Diodes with Independent Phase Current Control (m+1) Switch and Diode Configurations One Common Switch Configuration Minimum Switch Topology With Variable DC Link Variable DC Link Voltage with Buck Boost Converter Topology 1.5m Switches and Diodes Configuration Comparison of Some Power Converters Two Stage Power Converter Resonant Converter Circuits for Switched Reluctance Motor Drives References CONTROL OF SRM DRIVE Introduction Control Principle Closed Loop Speed Controlled SRM Drive Design of Current Controllers Flux Linkage Controller Torque Control Design of the Speed Controller References MODELING AND SIMULATION OF SRM DRIVE SYSTEM Introduction Modeling Simulation References ACOUSTIC NOISE AND ITS CONTROL IN SRM Introduction Sources of Acoustic Noise in Electrical Machines Noise Sources Noise Mitigation Qualitative Design Measures to Reduce Noise Measurement of Acoustic Noise and Vibrations Future Directions Appendix-1: Derivation of First Mode Frequency of SRM References SENSORLESS OPERATION OF SRM DRIVES Introduction Current Sensing Rotor Position Measurement Methods Rotor Position Estimation References APPLICATION CONSIDERATIONS AND APPLICATIONS Introduction Review of SRM Drive Features for Application Consideration Applications Emerging applications References

1,457 citations

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01 Oct 1989

TL;DR: A model-reference adaptive system (MRAS) for the estimation of induction motor speed from measured terminal voltages and currents is described, achieving moderate bandwidth speed control without the use of shaft-mounted transducers.

Abstract: A model-reference adaptive system (MRAS) for the estimation of induction motor speed from measured terminal voltages and currents is described. The estimated speed is used as feedback in a vector control system, thus achieving moderate bandwidth speed control without the use of shaft-mounted transducers. This technique is less complex and more stable than previous MRAS tacholess drives. It has been implemented on a 30 hp laboratory drive, where its effectiveness has been verified. >

1,064 citations

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General Electric

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, a basic feedforward algorithm for executing this type of current vector torque control is discussed, including the implications of current regulator saturation at high speeds, and the key results are illustrated using a combination of simulation and prototype IPM drive measurements.

Abstract: Interior permanent-magnet (IPM) synchronous motors possess special features for adjustable-speed operation which distinguish them from other classes of ac machines. They are robust high powerdensity machines capable of operating at high motor and inverter efficiencies over wide speed ranges, including considerable ranges of constant-power operation. The magnet cost is minimized by the low magnet weight requirements of the IPM design. The impact of the buried-magnet configuration on the motor's electromagnetic characteristics is discussed. The rotor magnetic circuit saliency preferentially increases the quadrature-axis inductance and introduces a reluctance torque term into the IPM motor's torque equation. The electrical excitation requirements for the IPM synchronous motor are also discussed. The control of the sinusoidal phase currents in magnitude and phase angle with respect to the rotor orientation provides a means for achieving smooth responsive torque control. A basic feedforward algorithm for executing this type of current vector torque control is discussed, including the implications of current regulator saturation at high speeds. The key results are illustrated using a combination of simulation and prototype IPM drive measurements.

853 citations

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Virginia Tech

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a real-time model of a two-phase PMSM transformation to rotor reference frames, where the PMSMs are used to estimate the position of the rotors.

Abstract: PART I: Introduction to Permanent Magnets and Machines and Converters and Control Chapter 1 Permanent Magnets and Machines Permanent Magnets Arrangement of PMs Magnetization of PMs PM ac Machines Fundamentals of Synchronous Machines Fundamental Synchronous Machine Relationships Core Losses Resistive Losses Initial Machine Design Cogging Torque Basic Types of PMSMs Based on Flux Paths Vibration and Noise Chapter 2 Introduction to Inverters and Their Control Power Device DC Input Source DC to ac Power Conversion Real Power Reactive Power Need for Inverter Control Pulse Width Modulation Hysteresis Current Control Space Vector Modulation Inverter Switching Delay Input Power Factor Correction Circuit Four-Quadrant Operation Converter Requirements PART II: Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines and Their Control Chapter 3 Dynamic Modeling of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines Real-Time Model of a Two-Phase PMSM Transformation to Rotor Reference Frames Three-Phase to Two-Phase Transformation Zero Sequence Inductance Derivation Power Equivalence Electromagnetic Torque Steady-State Torque Characteristics Models in Flux Linkages Equivalent Circuits Per Unit Model Dynamic Simulation Small-Signal Equations of the PMSM Evaluation of Control Characteristics of the PMSM Computation of Time Responses Space Phasor Model Chapter 4 Control Strategies for a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine Vector Control Derivation of Vector Control Drive System Schematic Control Strategies Chapter 5 Flux-Weakening Operation Maximum Speed Flux-Weakening Algorithm Direct Flux Weakening Parameter Sensitivity Model-Free (Parameter-Insensitive) Flux-Weakening Method Six-Step Voltage and Constant Back EMF Control Strategies for PMSM Direct Steady-State Evaluation Flux Weakening in SMPM and IPM Synchronous Machines Chapter 6 Design of Current and Speed Controllers Current Controller Speed Controller Chapter 7 Parameter Sensitivity and Compensation Introduction Parameter Compensation through Air Gap Power Feedback Control Parameter Compensation by Reactive Power Feedback Control Chapter 8 Rotor Position Estimation and Position Sensorless Control Current Model Adaptive Scheme Sensing by External Signal Injection Current Model-Based Injection Scheme Position Estimation Using PWM Carrier Components PART III: Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Machines and Their Control Chapter 9 PM Brushless DC Machine Modeling of PM Brushless DC Motor Normalized System Equations The PMBDCM Drive Scheme Dynamic Simulation Chapter 10 Commutation Torque Ripple and Phase Advancing Commutation Torque Ripple Phase Advancing Dynamic Modeling Chapter 11 Half-Wave PMBDCM Drives Split Supply Converter Topology C-Dump Topology Variable DC Link Converter Topology Variable Voltage Converter Topology with Buck-Boost Front-End Chapter 12 Design of Current and Speed Controllers Transfer Function of Machine and Load Inverter Transfer Function Transfer Functions of Current and Speed Controllers Current Feedback Speed Feedback Design of Controllers Chapter 13 Sensorless Control of PMBDCM Drive Current Sensing Position Estimation Chapter 14 Special Issues Torque Smoothing Parameter Sensitivity of the PMBDCM Drive Faults and Their Diagnosis Vibration and Noise

847 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a robust speed control system for DC servomotors based on the parametrization of two-degree-of-freedom controllers is proposed, which can dramatically improve the characteristics of the closed loop systems, i.e., the disturbance torque suppression performance and the robustness to system parameter variations, without changing the command input response.

Abstract: The authors propose a robust speed control system for DC servomotors based on the parametrization of two-degree-of-freedom controllers. The servosystems can dramatically improve the characteristics of the closed loop systems, i.e. the disturbance torque suppression performance and the robustness to system parameter variations, without changing the command input response. The excellent control performances obtained during laboratory experiments by using a microprocessor-based controller are shown. >

701 citations