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Emoticon

About: Emoticon is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 381 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 4520 citation(s). The topic is also known as: smiley.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The changes that take place in emoticon use when moving from same-gender to mixed-gender newsgroups indicate that rather than the emotional expression of females being silenced or muted by male encoding of emoticons, males adopt the female standard of expressing more emotion.

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Abstract: The analysis of emoticon (emotional icon) use in online newsgroups appears to reinforce the stereotype of the emotional female and the inexpressive male until further examination suggests otherwise. The most interesting finding of this study is illustrated by the pattern of change that develops for both genders when they move from a predominantly same gender newsgroup to a mixed-gender newsgroup. The changes that take place in emoticon use when moving from same-gender to mixed-gender newsgroups indicate that rather than the emotional expression of females being silenced or muted by male encoding of emoticons, males adopt the female standard of expressing more emotion. Furthermore, women have added dimensions including solidarity, support, assertion of positive feelings, and thanks, which were absent from the male-created definition of emoticons and their use.

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271 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: To a large extent, emoticons serve the same functions as actual nonverbal behavior in terms of strengthening the intensity of a verbal message.

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Abstract: The present study experimentally examines the impact of emoticons on message interpretation among secondary school students (N = 105). Furthermore, perceived motives for emoticon use are examined. Results show that emoticons do have an impact on message interpretation. Emoticons are useful in strengthening the intensity of a verbal message. Furthermore, it is possible to create ambiguity and express sarcasm online by varying the valence of the emoticon and the valence of the message. Overall, the authors conclude that to a large extent, emoticons serve the same functions as actual nonverbal behavior.

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221 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: To understand how emoticons are used in text messaging and, in particular, how genders differed in the frequency and variety of emoticons used via this medium, data is collected from individuals' smartphones over a 6-month period.

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Abstract: Our goal in the present study was to understand how emoticons are used in text messaging and, in particular, how genders differed in the frequency and variety of emoticons used via this medium. Previous research has found small and sundry differences in emotive expression online suggesting that technology has closed the gender gap. However, the data collected in these studies were public. In this study, we collected real portions of private communications data from individuals' smartphones over a 6-month period. SMS messages, in general, were not used very much overall, with only 4% of all messages containing at least one emoticon. Still, differences between genders manifested in the amount and variety of emoticons used. Females sent more messages with emoticons; however, surprisingly, males used a more diverse range of emoticons.

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166 citations


Patent
07 Jul 2005-
Abstract: A method and system for generating a displayable icon or emoticon form that indicates the mood or emotion of a user of the mobile station. A user of a device, such as a mobile phone, is provided with a dedicated key or shared dedicated key option that the user may select to insert an emoticon onto a display or other medium. The selection of the key or shared dedicated key may result in the insertion of the emoticon, or may also result in the display of a collection of emoticons that the user may then select from using, for example, a key mapping or navigation technique.

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144 citations


Proceedings Article
28 Jun 2013-
TL;DR: This paper investigates the semantic, cultural, and social aspects of emoticon usage on Twitter and shows that emoticons are not limited to conveying a specific emotion or used as jokes, but rather are socio-cultural norms, whose meaning can vary depending on the identity of the speaker.

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Abstract: Emoticons are a key aspect of text-based communication, and are the equivalent of nonverbal cues to the medium of online chat, forums, and social media like Twitter. As emoticons become more widespread in computer mediated communication, a vocabulary of different symbols with subtle emotional distinctions emerges especially across different cultures. In this paper, we investigate the semantic, cultural, and social aspects of emoticon usage on Twitter and show that emoticons are not limited to conveying a specific emotion or used as jokes, but rather are socio-cultural norms, whose meaning can vary depending on the identity of the speaker. We also demonstrate how these norms propagate through the Twitter @-reply network. We confirm our results on a large-scale dataset of over one billion Tweets from different time periods and countries.

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141 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20222
202113
202030
201923
201836
201742

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Kenji Araki

9 papers, 120 citations

Rafal Rzepka

8 papers, 106 citations

Michal Ptaszynski

6 papers, 83 citations

Yuki Urabe

5 papers, 38 citations

Laurie Beth Feldman

5 papers, 27 citations