About: Engineering research is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 553 publications have been published within this topic receiving 7486 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: It is concluded that the adoption of real-time TA can significantly enhance the societal value of research-based innovation.
Abstract: Social science scholarship has identified complex linkages between society and science, but it has been less successful at actually enhancing those linkages in ways that can add to the value and capability of each sector. We propose a research program to integrate natural science and engineering investigations with social science and policy research from the outset — what we call “real-time technology assessment” (real-time TA). Comprising investigations into analogical case studies, research program mapping, communication and early warning, and technology assessment and choice, real-time TA can inform and support natural science and engineering research, and it can provide an explicit mechanism for observing, critiquing, and influencing social values as they become embedded in innovations. After placing real-time TA in the context of scholarship on technology assessment, the paper elaborates on this coordinated set of research tasks, using the example of nano-scale science and engineering (nanotechnology) research. The paper then discusses issues in the implementation of real-time TA and concludes that the adoption of real-time TA can significantly enhance the societal value of research-based innovation.
11 Nov 2014
TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed a method to use the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Cambridge Commonwealth Trust, Pembroke College, a grant from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, and Google.
Abstract: This work was supported by the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Cambridge Commonwealth Trust, Pembroke College, a grant from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, and a grant from Google.
01 Apr 2013
TL;DR: In this review, selected examples are used to demonstrate how continuous methods of synthesis can be greener than batch synthesis on a small and a large scale.
Abstract: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC postdoctoral fellowship)
TL;DR: A review of the state-of-the-art in sustainable manufacturing can be found in this paper, where several challenges relevant to manufacturing process and system research, development, implementation, and education are highlighted.
TL;DR: In this article, a survey of 1,554 researchers funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) found that researchers in certain research fields were much more active in knowledge transfer than those in other fields, pointing to differences in levels of knowledge activities across research fields.
Abstract: This paper addresses three questions: First, what is the extent of research transfer in natural sciences and engineering among Canadian university researchers? Second, are there differences between various disciplines with regard to the extent of this transfer? And third, what are the determinants of research transfer? To answer these questions, the paper begins by differentiating between technology transfer and knowledge transfer. It then identifies the individual researcher as the unit of analysis of this study and introduces a conceptual framework derived from the resource-based approach of firms. The paper then reviews the literature on each of the factors included in the conceptual framework, beginning with the dependent variable, knowledge transfer. The conceptual framework includes four categories of resources and one category of research attributes that are likely to influence knowledge transfer. Based on a survey of 1,554 researchers funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), comparisons of means of research transfer across research fields were conducted. Multivariate regression analyses were used to identify the determinants of research transfer by research field. The results of these analyses indicate that researchers transferred knowledge much more actively when no commercialization was involved than when there was commercialization of protected intellectual property. This paper thus adds to the relatively scarce evidence about knowledge transfer by examining knowledge transfer from a broader perspective than strict commercialization. The findings of this paper are also interesting for other reasons. We obtained statistical evidence indicating that researchers in certain research fields were much more active in knowledge transfer than those in other fields, thereby pointing to differences in levels of knowledge activities across research fields. Furthermore, we obtained evidence showing that only two determinants explained knowledge transfer in all the six research fields considered in this study, namely, focus of research projects on users’ needs, and linkages between researchers and research users. Statistical evidence obtained indicates that the other determinants that influence knowledge transfer vary from one research field to another, thus suggesting that different policies would be required to increase knowledge transfer in different research fields. The last part of the paper outlines the implications of the regression results for theory building, public policy and future research.