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Entrepreneurial orientation

About: Entrepreneurial orientation is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 4636 publications have been published within this topic receiving 163913 citations.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a contingency framework for investigating the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance is proposed. But the authors focus on the business domain and do not consider the economic domain.
Abstract: The primary purpose of this article is to clarify the nature of the entrepreneurial orientation (EO) construct and to propose a contingency framework for investigating the relationship between EO and firm performance. We first explore and refine the dimensions of EO and discuss the usefulness of viewing a firm's EO as a multidimensional construct. Then, drawing on examples from the EO-related contingencies literature, we suggest alternative models (moderating effects, mediating effects, independent effects, interaction effects) for testing the EO-performance relationship.

8,623 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Examines the strategic postures, competitive tactics, and organization structures of small manufacturing firms that are associated with high performance in both hostile and benign environments to suggest that entrepreneurial firms perform better in hostile environments, while small conservative firms perform best in more benign environments.
Abstract: This paper reports the results of a study designed to investigate the effective strategic responses to environmental hostility among small manufacturing firms. Data on environmental hostility, organization structure, strategic posture, competitive tactics, and financial performance were collected from 161 small manufacturers. Findings indicate that performance among small firms in hostile environments was positively related to an organic structure, an entrepreneurial strategic posture, and a competitive profile characterized by a long-term orientation, high product prices, and a concern for predicting industry trends. In benign environments, on the other hand, performance was positively related to a mechanistic structure, a conservative strategic posture, and a competitive profile characterized by conservative financial management and a short-term financial orientation, an emphasis on product refinement, and a willingness to rely heavily on single customers.

5,277 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Danny Miller1
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors derived a crude typology of firms: Simple firms are small and their power is centralized at the top, while planning firms are big, their goal being smooth and efficient operation through the use of formal controls and plans.
Abstract: The objective of the research was to discover the chief determinants of entrepreneurship, the process by which organizations renew themselves and their markets by pioneering, innovation, and risk taking. Some authors have argued that personality factors of the leader are what determine entrepreneurship, others have highlighted the role played by the structure of the organization, while a final group have pointed to the importance of strategy making. We believed that the manner and extent to which entrepreneurship would be influenced by all of these factors would in large measure depend upon the nature of the organization. Based upon the work of a number of authors we derived a crude typology of firms: Simple firms are small and their power is centralized at the top. Planning firms are bigger, their goal being smooth and efficient operation through the use of formal controls and plans. Organic firms strive to be adaptive to their environments, emphasizing expertise-based power and open communications. The predictiveness of the typology was established upon a sample of 52 firms using hypothesis-testing and analysis of variance techniques. We conjectured that in Simple firms entrepreneurship would be determined by the characteristics of the leader; in Planning firms it would be facilitated by explicit and well integrated product-market strategies, and in Organic firms it would be a function of environment and structure. These hypotheses were largely borne out by correlational and multiple regression analyses. Any programs which aim to stimulate entrepreneurship would benefit greatly from tailoring recommendations to the nature of the target firms.

5,067 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a conceptual model of entrepreneurship as an organizational-level phenomenon is presented, which is intended to depict the organizational system elements that relate to entrepreneurial activities and is based on the concept of organizational systems.
Abstract: This article outlines a conceptual model of entrepreneurship as an organizational-level phenomenon. The model is intended to depict the organizational system elements that relate to entrepreneurial...

3,681 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigate the EO of small businesses and find that a main-effects-only analysis provides an incomplete picture of performance, and they find that when combined with EO (a three-way interaction model) the configurational approach explains variance in performance over and above a contingency model (two-way interactions) and a main effects-only model.

2,800 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023303
2022471
2021392
2020477
2019443
2018366