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About: Epitaxy is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 38168 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 645844 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Epitaxial Growth.

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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Indirect evidence is presented that free‐standing Si quantum wires can be fabricated without the use of epitaxial deposition or lithography. The novel approach uses electrochemical and chemical dissolution steps to define networks of isolated wires out of bulk wafers. Mesoporous Si layers of high porosity exhibit visible (red) photoluminescence at room temperature, observable with the naked eye under <1 mW unfocused (<0.1 W cm−2) green or blue laser line excitation. This is attributed to dramatic two‐dimensional quantum size effects which can produce emission far above the band gap of bulk crystalline Si.

7,284 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
07 Nov 2002-Nature
TL;DR: The synthesis of core–multishell structures, including a high-performance coaxially gated field-effect transistor, indicates the general potential of radial heterostructure growth for the development of nanowire-based devices.
Abstract: Semiconductor heterostructures with modulated composition and/or doping enable passivation of interfaces and the generation of devices with diverse functions. In this regard, the control of interfaces in nanoscale building blocks with high surface area will be increasingly important in the assembly of electronic and photonic devices. Core-shell heterostructures formed by the growth of crystalline overlayers on nanocrystals offer enhanced emission efficiency, important for various applications. Axial heterostructures have also been formed by a one-dimensional modulation of nanowire composition and doping. However, modulation of the radial composition and doping in nanowire structures has received much less attention than planar and nanocrystal systems. Here we synthesize silicon and germanium core-shell and multishell nanowire heterostructures using a chemical vapour deposition method applicable to a variety of nanoscale materials. Our investigations of the growth of boron-doped silicon shells on intrinsic silicon and silicon-silicon oxide core-shell nanowires indicate that homoepitaxy can be achieved at relatively low temperatures on clean silicon. We also demonstrate the possibility of heteroepitaxial growth of crystalline germanium-silicon and silicon-germanium core-shell structures, in which band-offsets drive hole injection into either germanium core or shell regions. Our synthesis of core-multishell structures, including a high-performance coaxially gated field-effect transistor, indicates the general potential of radial heterostructure growth for the development of nanowire-based devices.

1,969 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Atmospheric pressure metalorganic vapor phase epitaxial growth and characterization of high quality GaN on sapphire (0001) substrates are reported. Using AlN buffer layers, GaN thin films with optically flat surfaces free from cracks are successfully grown. The narrowest x‐ray rocking curve from the (0006) plane is 2.70’ and from the (2024) plane is 1.86’. Photoluminescence spectra show strong near band edge emission. The growth condition dependence of crystalline quality is also studied.

1,947 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We propose a widegap II–VI semiconductor alloy, MgxZn1−xO, for the fabrication of heteroepitaxial ultraviolet light emitting devices based on ZnO. The c-axis oriented MgxZn1−xO films were epitaxially grown by pulsed laser deposition on ZnO epitaxial films and sapphire (0001) substrates using ceramic targets. Solid solution films were prepared with Mg content up to x=0.33, achieving a band gap of 3.99 eV at room temperature. MgO impurity phase segregated at x⩾0.36. Lattice constants of MgxZn1−xO films changed slightly (∼1%), increasing in a axis and decreasing in c-axis direction with increasing x. These films showed ultraviolet photoluminescence at energies from 3.36 (x=0) to 3.87 eV (x=0.33) at 4.2 K.

1,390 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Recent research results pertaining to InN, GaN and AlN are reviewed, focusing on the different growth techniques of Group III-nitride crystals and epitaxial films, heterostructures and devices. The chemical and thermal stability of epitaxial nitride films is discussed in relation to the problems of deposition processes and the advantages for applications in high-power and high-temperature devices. The development of growth methods like metalorganic chemical vapour deposition and plasma-induced molecular beam epitaxy has resulted in remarkable improvements in the structural, optical and electrical properties. New developments in precursor chemistry, plasma-based nitrogen sources, substrates, the growth of nucleation layers and selective growth are covered. Deposition conditions and methods used to grow alloys for optical bandgap and lattice engineering are introduced. The review is concluded with a description of recent Group III-nitride semiconductor devices such as bright blue and white light-emitting diodes, the first blue-emitting laser, high-power transistors, and a discussion of further applications in surface acoustic wave devices and sensors.

1,313 citations

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