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Equilibrium mode distribution

About: Equilibrium mode distribution is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 928 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 14939 citation(s).


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Single-mode excitation of step-index multimode fibers with light sources with short temporal coherence lengths is demonstrated and designs with reduced microbending-induced mode coupling are described that allow the propagation of the fundamental mode over long lengths with negligible mode coupling even in the presence of tight fiber bends.
Abstract: Single-mode excitation of step-index multimode fibers with light sources with short temporal coherence lengths is demonstrated. Multimode fiber designs with reduced microbending-induced mode coupling are described that allow the propagation of the fundamental mode over long lengths with negligible mode coupling even in the presence of tight fiber bends. At a wavelength of 1.56microm a fiber with a core diameter of 45microm can preserve the fundamental mode for a propagation length of ~20m . Such fibers allow coiling with a coil diameter as small as 7cm.

343 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We demonstrate robust single-transverse-mode light propagation in higher-order modes of a fiber, with effective area Aeff ranging from 2100 to 3200 μm2. These modes are accessed using long-period fiber gratings that enable higher-order-mode excitation over a bandwidth of 94 mm with greater than 99% of the light in the desired mode. The fiber is designed such that the effective index separation between modes is always large, hence minimizing in-fiber mode mixing and enabling light propagation over lengths as large as 12 m, with bends down to 4.5 cm radii. The modal stability increases with mode order, suggesting that Aeff of this platform is substantially scalable.

227 citations

Patent
16 Sep 1988
Abstract: An apparatus utilizes a two-mode optical waveguide with a non-circular core to provide stable spatial intensity patterns in both propagation modes for light propagating therein. The light has a wavelength, and the non-circular core has cross-sectional dimensions selected such that (1) the waveguide propagates light at that wavelength in a fundamental mode and a higher order mode, and (2) substantially all of the light in the higher order mode propagates in only a single, stable intensity pattern. Embodiments of the invention include, for example, modal couplers, frequency shifters, mode selectors and interferometers. One of the interferometer embodiments may be used as a strain gauge.

221 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Simulations show that the parabolic-profile design has a natural immunity to bend-induced mode distortion and contraction, and shows superior performance in simulated fair comparisons with other fiber families, including microstructure fibers.
Abstract: Achieving very large mode area is a key goal in current research on microstructure and solid fibers for high power amplifiers and lasers. One particular design regime of recent interest has effective area over 1000 square microns and has effectively-single-mode operation ensured by bend losses of the higher-order modes. Simulations show that these fibers are extremely prone to bend-induced distortion and reduction in mode area. The calculated area reduction would significantly impact nonlinear impairments for bend radii relevant to any reasonable spooled package, and can be over 50 percent for bend radii tighter than 10cm. The parabolic-profile design has a natural immunity to bend-induced mode distortion and contraction, and shows superior performance in simulated fair comparisons with other fiber families, including microstructure fibers.

205 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Numerically studying the possibilities for improved large-mode-area endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers for use in high-power delivery applications finds that a triangular core formed by three missing neighboring air holes considerably improves the mode area and loss properties compared with the case with a core formed with one missing air hole.
Abstract: We numerically study the possibilities for improved large-mode-area endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers for use in high-power delivery applications. By carefully choosing the optimal hole diameter, we find that a triangular core formed by three missing neighboring air holes considerably improves the mode area and loss properties compared with the case with a core formed by one missing air hole. In a realized fiber we demonstrate an enhancement of the mode area by ∼30% without a corresponding increase in the attenuation.

199 citations

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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20218
20205
20191
20183
201744
201648