About: Ettringite is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2702 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 67056 citation(s). The topic is also known as: woodfordite.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jun 2008-Cement and Concrete Research
TL;DR: In this paper, the influence of the presence of limestone on the hydration of Portland cement was investigated, and it was shown that the stabilisation of monocarbonate in the absence of limestone indirectly stabilised ettringite, leading to a corresponding increase of the total volume of the hydrate phase and a decrease of porosity.
Abstract: The influence of the presence of limestone on the hydration of Portland cement was investigated. Blending of Portland cement with limestone was found to influence the hydrate assemblage of the hydrated cement. Thermodynamic calculations as well as experimental observations indicated that in the presence of limestone, monocarbonate instead of monosulfate was stable. Thermodynamic modelling showed that the stabilisation of monocarbonate in the presence of limestone indirectly stabilised ettringite leading to a corresponding increase of the total volume of the hydrate phase and a decrease of porosity. The measured difference in porosity between the "limestone-free" cement, which contained less than 0.3% CO2, and a cement containing 4% limestone, however, was much smaller than calculated. Coupling of thermodynamic modelling with a set of kinetic equations which described the dissolution of the clinker, predicted quantitatively the amount of hydrates. The quantities of ettringite, portlandite and amorphous phase as determined by TGA and XRD agreed well with the calculated amounts of these phases after different periods of time. The findings in this paper show that changes in the bulk composition of hydrating cements can be followed by coupled thermodynamic models. Comparison between experimental and modelled data helps to understand in more detail the dominating processes during cement hydration.
01 Jan 2008-Cement and Concrete Research
TL;DR: In this article, the phase assemblage and pore solution of Portland cements hydrated between 0-60°C were modeled as a function of time and temperature, and a good correlation between calculated porosity and measured compressive strength was observed.
Abstract: The composition of the phase assemblage and pore solution of Portland cements hydrated between 0-60°C were modeled as a function of time and temperature. Results of thermodynamic modeling showed good agreement with experimental data gained at 5, 20, and 50°C. At 5 and 20°C, a similar phase assemblage was calculated to be present, while at ~50°C, thermodynamic calculations predicted conversion of ettringite and monocarbonate to monosulphate. Modeling showed that in Portland cements having an Al2O3/SO3 ratio of > 1.3 (bulk weight), above 50°C monosulphate and monocarbonate are present. In Portland cements containing less Al (Al2O3/SO3 < 1.3), above 50°C monosulphate and small amounts of ettringite are expected to persist. A good correlation between calculated porosity and measured compressive strength was observed.
29 Dec 2001
TL;DR: The use of Synchroton sources in the study of Cement Materials as discussed by the authors has been shown to be useful in the analysis of Cements and their applications in many applications.
Abstract: 1. Cement Manufacture 2. Composition of Cement Phases 3. The Hydration of Portland Cement 4. Calcium Aluminate Cements 5. Properties of Concrete with Mineral and Chemical Admixtures 6. Special Cements 7. Developments with Oilwell Cements 8. Gypsum in Cements 9. Alkali-Silica Reaction in Concrete 10. Delayed Ettringite Formation 11. Chloride-Corrosion in Cementitious Systems 12. Blastfurnace Cements 13. Properties and Applications of Natural Pozzolanas 14. Pulverised Fuel Ash as a Cement Extender 15. Metakaolin as a Pollolanic Addition to Concrete 16. Condensed Silica Fume as a Cement Extender 17. Cement-Based Composite Micro-Structures 18. X-Ray Powder Diffraction Analysis of Cements 19. Electron Microscopy of Cements 20. Electrical Monitoring Methods in Cement Science 21. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies of Cements and Cement-Based Materials 22. The Use of Synchroton Sources in the Study of Cement Materials
01 Sep 2004-Cement and Concrete Research
TL;DR: In this paper, the thermodynamic and kinetic factors influencing crystallization pressure are reviewed for cases including capillary rise and evaporation, cyclic wetting and drying, and hydration of cement.
Abstract: The thermodynamic and kinetic factors influencing crystallization pressure are reviewed for cases including capillary rise and evaporation, cyclic wetting and drying, and hydration of cement. Under equilibrium conditions, where the crystal is surrounded by a film of solution, high stresses are expected only in small pores, but when that film is discontinuous (as may occur during drying), high stresses can arise even in large pores. High crystallization pressure requires a substantial supersaturation of the pore liquid. In the case of sodium sulfate, supersaturation results from the difference in solubility between the anhydrate and decahydrate phases; for ettringite, supersaturation may develop following the cooling from elevated temperatures. During the hydration of Portland cement, crystallization pressure may result from the growth of ettringite and/or calcium hydroxide.
01 Mar 2011-Cement and Concrete Research
TL;DR: In this article, the effect of minor additions of limestone powder on the properties of fly ash blended cements was investigated using isothermal calorimetry, thermogravimetry (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques, and pore solution analysis.
Abstract: The effect of minor additions of limestone powder on the properties of fly ash blended cements was investigated in this study using isothermal calorimetry, thermogravimetry (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques, and pore solution analysis. The presence of limestone powder led to the formation of hemi- and monocarbonate and to a stabilisation of ettringite compared to the limestone-free cements, where a part of the ettringite converted to monosulphate. Thus, the presence of 5% of limestone led to an increase of the volume of the hydrates, as visible in the increase in chemical shrinkage, and an increase in compressive strength. This effect was amplified for the fly ash/limestone blended cements due to the additional alumina provided by the fly ash reaction.
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