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About: Evapotranspiration is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 21858 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 644354 citation(s). more


Open accessBook
01 Jan 1998-
Abstract: (First edition: 1998, this reprint: 2004). This publication presents an updated procedure for calculating reference and crop evapotranspiration from meteorological data and crop coefficients. The procedure, first presented in FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 24, Crop water requirements, in 1977, allows estimation of the amount of water used by a crop, taking into account the effect of the climate and the crop characteristics. The publication incorporates advances in research and more accurate procedures for determining crop water use as recommended by a panel of high-level experts organised by FAO in May 1990. The first part of the guidelines includes procedures for determining reference crop evapotranspiration according to the FAO Penman-Monteith method. These are followed by updated procedures for estimating the evapotranspiration of different crops for different growth stages and ecological conditions. more

Topics: Crop coefficient (72%), Blaney–Criddle equation (59%), Consumptive water use (57%) more

20,634 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1175/2009JCLI2909.1
01 Apr 2010-Journal of Climate
Abstract: The authors propose a new climatic drought index: the standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI). The SPEI is based on precipitation and temperature data, and it has the advantage of combining multiscalar character with the capacity to include the effects of temperature variability on drought assessment. The procedure to calculate the index is detailed and involves a climatic water balance, the accumulation of deficit/surplus at different time scales, and adjustment to a log-logistic probability distribution. Mathematically, the SPEI is similar to the standardized precipitation index (SPI), but it includes the role of temperature. Because the SPEI is based on a water balance, it can be compared to the self-calibrated Palmer drought severity index (sc-PDSI). Time series of the three indices were compared for a set of observatories with different climate characteristics, located in different parts of the world. Under global warming conditions, only the sc-PDSI and SPEI identified an... more

Topics: Palmer drought index (61%), Evapotranspiration (51%), Water balance (50%)

3,599 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1029/94JD00483
Abstract: A generalization of the single soil layer variable infiltration capacity (VIC) land surface hydrological model previously implemented in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) general circulation model (GCM) is described. The new model is comprised of a two-layer characterization of the soil column, and uses an aerodynamic representation of the latent and sensible heat fluxes at the land surface. The infiltration algorithm for the upper layer is essentially the same as for the single layer VIC model, while the lower layer drainage formulation is of the form previously implemented in the Max-Planck-Institut GCM. The model partitions the area of interest (e.g., grid cell) into multiple land surface cover types; for each land cover type the fraction of roots in the upper and lower zone is specified. Evapotranspiration consists of three components: canopy evaporation, evaporation from bare soils, and transpiration, which is represented using a canopy and architectural resistance formulation. Once the latent heat flux has been computed, the surface energy balance is iterated to solve for the land surface temperature at each time step. The model was tested using long-term hydrologic and climatological data for Kings Creek, Kansas to estimate and validate the hydrological parameters, and surface flux data from three First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project Field Experiment (FIFE) intensive field campaigns in the summer-fall of 1987 to validate the surface energy fluxes. more

Topics: Land cover (57%), Evapotranspiration (56%), Latent heat (56%) more

2,926 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.13031/2013.26773
Abstract: MEASURED lysimeter evapotranspiration of Alta fescue grass (a cool season grass) is taken as an index of reference crop evapotranspiration (ETo). An equation is presented that estimates ETo from measured values of daily or mean values of maximum and minimum temperature. This equation is compared with various other methods for estimating ETo. The equation was developed using eight years of daily lysimeter data from Davis, California and used to estimate values of ETo for other locations. Comparisons with other methods with measured cool season grass evapotranspiration at Aspendale, Australia; Lompoc, California; and Seabrook, New Jersey; with lysimeter data from Damin, Haiti; and with the modified Penman for various locations in Bangladesh indicated that the method usually does not require local calibration and that the estimated values are probably as reliable and useable as those from the other estimating methods used for comparison. Considering the scarcity of complete and reliable climatic data for estimating crop water requirements in developing countries, this proposed method can do much to improve irrigation planning design and scheduling in the developing countries. more

Topics: Blaney–Criddle equation (62%), Lysimeter (61%), Crop coefficient (59%) more

2,768 Citations

Book ChapterDOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-025675-7.50021-2
01 Jan 1986-
Abstract: This publication presents a methodology to quantify yield response to water through aggregate components which form the "handles" to assess crop yields under both adequate and limited water supply. The method presented in part A takes into account maximum and actual crop yields as influenced by water deficits using yield response functions relating relative yield decrease and evapotranspiration deficits. Part B gives an account of water-related crop yield and quality information for 26 crops more

Topics: 30-day yield (58%), Crop yield (54%), Water use (53%) more

2,630 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Richard G. Allen

98 papers, 33.5K citations

William P. Kustas

84 papers, 6.3K citations

Terry A. Howell

67 papers, 4.8K citations

Suat Irmak

58 papers, 1.9K citations

Richard L. Snyder

55 papers, 3.1K citations

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