About: Fault indicator is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 10057 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 143482 citation(s). The topic is also known as: FCI & power line fault indicator.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a comparison and combination of fault-detection methods for different types of fault detection methods: Fault detection with classification methods, fault detection with inference methods, and fault detection using Principal Component Analysis (PCA).
Abstract: Fundamentals.- Supervision and fault management of processes - tasks and terminology.- Reliability, Availability and Maintainability (RAM).- Safety, Dependability and System Integrity.- Fault-Detection Methods.- Process Models and Fault Modelling.- Signal models.- Fault detection with limit checking.- Fault detection with signal models.- Fault detection with process-identification methods.- Fault detection with parity equations.- Fault detection with state observers and state estimation.- Fault detection of control loops.- Fault detection with Principal Component Analysis (PCA).- Comparison and combination of fault-detection methods.- Fault-Diagnosis Methods.- Diagnosis procedures and problems.- Fault diagnosis with classification methods.- Fault diagnosis with inference methods.- Fault-Tolerant Systems.- Fault-tolerant design.- Fault-tolerant components and control.- Application Examples.- Fault detection and diagnosis of DC motor drives.- Fault detection and diagnosis of a centrifugal pump-pipe-system.- Fault detection and diagnosis of an automotive suspension and the tire pressures.
TL;DR: The three-part survey paper aims to give a comprehensive review of real-time fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control, with particular attention on the results reported in the last decade.
Abstract: With the continuous increase in complexity and expense of industrial systems, there is less tolerance for performance degradation, productivity decrease, and safety hazards, which greatly necessitates to detect and identify any kinds of potential abnormalities and faults as early as possible and implement real-time fault-tolerant operation for minimizing performance degradation and avoiding dangerous situations. During the last four decades, fruitful results have been reported about fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control methods and their applications in a variety of engineering systems. The three-part survey paper aims to give a comprehensive review of real-time fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control, with particular attention on the results reported in the last decade. In this paper, fault diagnosis approaches and their applications are comprehensively reviewed from model- and signal-based perspectives, respectively.
01 Jan 1985
TL;DR: A procedure is described which identifies paths which are tested for path faults by a set of patterns, independent of the delays of any individual gate of the network, which is a global delay fault model.
Abstract: Delay testing of combinational logic in a clocked environment is analyzed. A model based upon paths is introduced for delay faults. Any path with a total delay exceeding the clock interval is called a "path fault." This is a global delay fault model because it is associated with an entire path. The more familiar slow-to-rise or slow-to-fall gate delay fault, on the other hand, is a local fault model. A procedure is described which identifies paths which are tested for path faults by a set of patterns. It does not involve delay simulation. The paths so identified are tested for path faults independent of the delays of any individual gate of the network.
••03 Oct 1999
TL;DR: Different types of faults and the signatures they generate and their diagnostics' schemes are described, keeping in mind the need for future research.
Abstract: Research has picked up a fervent pace in the area of fault diagnosis of electrical machines. Like adjustable speed drives, fault prognosis has become almost indispensable. The manufacturers of these drives are now keen to include diagnostic features in the software to decrease machine down time and improve salability. Prodigious improvement in signal processing hardware and software has made this possible. Primarily, these techniques depend upon locating specific harmonic components in the line current, also known as motor current signature analysis (MCSA). These harmonic components are usually different for different types of faults. However with multiple faults or different varieties of drive schemes, MCSA can become an onerous task as different types of faults and time harmonics may end up generating similar signatures. Thus other signals such as speed, torque, noise, vibration etc., are also explored for their frequency contents. Sometimes, altogether different techniques such as thermal measurements, chemical analysis, etc., are also employed to find out the nature and the degree of the fault. Human involvement in the actual fault detection decision making is slowly being replaced by automated tools such as expert systems, neural networks, fuzzy logic based systems to name a few. Keeping in mind the need for future research, this review paper describes different types of faults and the signatures they generate and their diagnostics' schemes.
TL;DR: In this article, the use of wavelet transforms for analyzing power system fault transients in order to determine the fault location is described, which is related to the travel time of the signals which are already decomposed into their modal components.
Abstract: This paper describes the use of wavelet transforms for analyzing power system fault transients in order to determine the fault location. Traveling wave theory is utilized in capturing the travel time of the transients along the monitored lines between the fault point and the relay. Time resolution for the high frequency components of the fault transients, is provided by the wavelet transform. This information is related to the travel time of the signals which are already decomposed into their modal components. The aerial mode is used for all fault types, whereas the ground mode is used to resolve problems associated with certain special cases. The wavelet transform is found to be an excellent discriminant for identifying the traveling wave reflections from the fault, irrespective of the fault type and impedance. EMTP simulations are used to test and validate the proposed fault location approach for typical power system faults.
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