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Topic

Figure of speech

About: Figure of speech is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 397 publications have been published within this topic receiving 4758 citations. The topic is also known as: rhetorical figure.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 1992-Lingua
TL;DR: In this paper, Sperber and Wilson introduced the concept of irony as a figure of speech which communicates the opposite of what was literally said, and sketched an alternative account.

482 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examined the discourse goals that are accomplished by the use of eight forms of figurative language: hyperbole, idiom, indirect request, irony, understatement, metaphor, rhetorical question, and simile.
Abstract: In this article, we examine the discourse goals that are accomplished by the use of eight forms of figurative language: hyperbole, idiom, indirect request, irony, understatement, metaphor, rhetorical question, and simile. Subjects were asked to provide reasons why they would use a particular figure of speech. Based on their responses, a discourse goal taxonomy that includes each of the eight figures was developed. The goal taxonomy indicates that each figure of speech is used to accomplish a unique constellation of communicative goals. The degree of goal overlap between the eight forms was also calculated, and the results provide support for theoretical claims about the relatedness of certain figures. Taken together, the goal taxonomy and overlap scores broaden our understanding of functional and theoretical differences between the various kinds of figurative language.

317 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors show that irony can be properly described within the framework of the theory of speech acts and that irony is used by speakers to break their patterns of expectation, and involve them in a type of verbal interaction characterized by interpersonal distance.

195 citations

Book
16 Apr 2012
TL;DR: Interpreting figurative meaning as discussed by the authors examines the recent empirical work from psycholinguistics and neuroscience examining the successes and difficulties associated with interpreting figurative language and proposes a broad theoretical framework, motivated by ideas from dynamical systems theory, that describes the multiple, interacting influences which shape people's experiences of figurative meanings in discourse.
Abstract: Interpreting Figurative Meaning critically evaluates the recent empirical work from psycholinguistics and neuroscience examining the successes and difficulties associated with interpreting figurative language. There is now a huge, often contradictory literature on how people understand figures of speech. Gibbs and Colston argue that there may not be a single theory or model that adequately explains both the processes and products of figurative meaning experience. Experimental research may ultimately be unable to simply adjudicate between current models in psychology, linguistics and philosophy of how figurative meaning is interpreted. Alternatively, the authors advance a broad theoretical framework, motivated by ideas from 'dynamical systems theory', that describes the multiple, interacting influences which shape people's experiences of figurative meaning in discourse. This book details past research and theory, offers a critical assessment of this work and sets the stage for a new vision of figurative experience in human life.

179 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a word fragment completion test was used to measure the amount of activation of literal and figurative meanings in both literally and figuratively biased contexts, where subjects were presented with target sentences (metaphors or idioms) at the end of either figuratively or literally biased contexts.

171 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202315
202248
202112
202014
201918
201820