Topic

# Finite impulse response

About: Finite impulse response is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 13118 publications have been published within this topic receiving 178564 citations. The topic is also known as: Finite impulse response , FIR.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

More filters

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01 Jan 2002TL;DR: In this article, the basic operations of these filter banks are considered and the requirements are stated for alias-free, perfect-reconstruction (PR), and nearly perfect reconstruction (NPR) filter banks.

Abstract: The outline of this chapter is as follows. Section 2 reviews various types of existing finite impulse response (FIR) and infinite impulse response (IIR) two-channel filter banks. The basic operations of these filter banks are considered and the requirements are stated for alias-free, perfect-reconstruction (PR), and nearly perfect-reconstruction (NPR) filter banks. Also some efficient synthesis techniques are referred to. Furthermore, examples are included to compare various two-channel filter banks with each other. Section 3 concentrates on the design of multi-channel (M-channel) uniform filter banks. The main emphasis is laid on designing these banks using tree-structured filter banks with the aid of two-channel filter banks and on generating the overall bank with the aid of a single prototype filter and a proper cosine-modulation or MDFT technique. In Section 4, it is shown how octave filter banks can be generated using a single two-channel filter bank as the basic building block. Also, the relations between the frequency-selective octave filter banks and discrete-time wavelet banks are briefly discussed. Finally, concluding remarks are given in Section 5.

1,598 citations

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TL;DR: Most major filtering approaches to texture feature extraction are reviewed and a ranking of the tested approaches based on extensive experiments is presented, showing the effect of the filtering is highlighted, keeping the local energy function and the classification algorithm identical for most approaches.

Abstract: In this paper, we review most major filtering approaches to texture feature extraction and perform a comparative study. Filtering approaches included are Laws masks (1980), ring/wedge filters, dyadic Gabor filter banks, wavelet transforms, wavelet packets and wavelet frames, quadrature mirror filters, discrete cosine transform, eigenfilters, optimized Gabor filters, linear predictors, and optimized finite impulse response filters. The features are computed as the local energy of the filter responses. The effect of the filtering is highlighted, keeping the local energy function and the classification algorithm identical for most approaches. For reference, comparisons with two classical nonfiltering approaches, co-occurrence (statistical) and autoregressive (model based) features, are given. We present a ranking of the tested approaches based on extensive experiments.

1,567 citations

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TL;DR: This paper addresses a problem arising in a context of digital communications by exploiting an orthogonality property between "signal" and "noise" subspaces to build some quadratic form whose minimization yields the desired estimates up to a scale factor.

Abstract: This paper addresses a problem arising in a context of digital communications. A digital source is transmitted through a continuous channel (the propagation medium), and several measurements are performed at the receiver, either by means of several sensors, or by oversampling the received signal compared to the emission rate. Given only these observations, the baseband equivalents of the corresponding channels have to be recovered. An orthogonality property between "signal" and "noise" subspaces is exploited to build some quadratic form whose minimization yields the desired estimates up to a scale factor. This is in the same spirit as recent works by Tong et al. (see Proc. 25th Asilomar Conf., p.856-860, 1991) but requires fewer computations. Numerical simulations demonstrate the performance of the proposed methods in a channel identification context. >

1,557 citations

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ESL Incorporated

^{1}TL;DR: A class of digital linear phase finite impulse response (FIR) filters for decimation and interpolation and use limited storage making them an economical alternative to conventional implementations for certain applications.

Abstract: A class of digital linear phase finite impulse response (FIR) filters for decimation (sampling rate decrease) and interpolation (sampling rate increase) are presented. They require no multipliers and use limited storage making them an economical alternative to conventional implementations for certain applications. A digital filter in this class consists of cascaded ideal integrator stages operating at a high sampling rate and an equal number of comb stages operating at a low sampling rate. Together, a single integrator-comb pair produces a uniform FIR. The number of cascaded integrator-comb pairs is chosen to meet design requirements for aliasing or imaging error. Design procedures and examples are given for both decimation and interpolation filters with the emphasis on frequency response and register width.

1,372 citations

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TL;DR: A general-purpose computer program which is capable of designing a large Class of optimum (in the minimax sense) FIR linear phase digital filters and is shown to be exceedingly efficient.

Abstract: This paper presents a general-purpose computer program which is capable of designing a large Class of optimum (in the minimax sense) FIR linear phase digital filters. The program has options for designing such standard filters as low-pass, high-pass, bandpass, and bandstop filters, as well as multipassband-stopband filters, differentiators, and Hilbert transformers. The program can also be used to design filters which approximate arbitrary frequency specifications which are provided by the user. The program is written in Fortran, and is carefully documented both by comments and by detailed flowcharts. The filter design algorithm is shown to be exceedingly efficient, e.g., it is capable of designing a filter with a 100-point impulse response in about 20 s.

1,160 citations