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Firefighting

About: Firefighting is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 7380 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 43056 citation(s). The topic is also known as: fire fighting.

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Papers
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Open accessBook
01 Jan 1984-
Abstract: FIRE ENVIRONMENT. Wildland Fire Fundamentals. Fire Behavior. Wildland Fuels. Fire Weather. FIRE REGIME. Fire Ecology. Fire and Culture. Administration of Fire Regimes. FIRE MANAGEMENT. Programs for Fire Management. Fire Suppression. Prescribed Fire. GLOBAL FIRE. Global Fire. Bibliography. Credits. Index.

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Topics: Active fire protection (81%), Fire prevention (81%), Fire control (81%) ...read more

1,084 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00511-4
Abstract: Fire poses the greatest threat to the forests of Amazonia. The magnitude of this threat is amplified by three positive feedback loops that drive the expansion of forest fire in the region: (1) Fire promotes drought, and therefore more fire, by releasing smoke into the atmosphere, thus reducing rainfall. Fire-assisted conversion of forests to pastures may also promote drought by increasing albedo and decreasing water vapor flux to the atmosphere, further inhibiting rainfall. (2) Fire increases the susceptibility of forests to recurrent burning by killing trees, thereby allowing sunlight to penetrate the forest interior, and increasing the fuel load on the forest floor. (3) Finally, fires also self-perpetuate by burning agricultural and forestry systems, discouraging landholders from making those fire-sensitive investments in their land that would allow them to move beyond their dependence upon fire as a management tool. The long-term reduction of Amazon fire, and its substantial costs to society, is most likely to emerge through investments and policy change that stimulate permanent agricultural and forestry production systems within existing frontiers while slowing the rate of frontier expansion. But the Brazilian government’s plan to pave, recuperate or construct 6245 km of roads in the Amazon may have the opposite effect. We present research findings that the government plan would nearly double the area of forestland that is accessible by paved highways, including 192,000 km2 of fire-prone forest. Our analysis finds that these roads will stimulate 120,000–270,000 km2 of additional deforestation, and forest impoverishment through logging and understory fire, if the historical relationship between road paving and forest alteration by humans continues. Infrastructural investments are urgently needed in Amazonia to help integrate isolated urban centers into the market economy, to improve the quality of life for millions of rural Amazonians, and to improve the profitability of agribusiness in Brazil’s agricultural belt. But as currently planned, these investments will have the ancillary effects of accelerating deforestation, logging, forest fire, smoke-related illness, and the displacement of small-scale farmers.

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Topics: Forest management (60%), Fire regime (57%), Deforestation (57%) ...read more

618 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/00207720500438480
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to explore the feasibility of using multiple low-altitude, short endurance (LASE) unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) to cooperatively monitor and track the propagation of large forest fires. A real-time algorithm is described for tracking the perimeter of fires with an on-board infrared sensor. Using this algorithm, we develop a decentralized multiple-UAV approach to monitoring the perimeter of a fire. The UAVs are assumed to have limited communication and sensing range. The effectiveness of the approach is demonstrated in simulation using a six degree-of-freedom dynamic model for the UAV and a numerical propagation model for the forest fire. Salient features of the approach include the ability to monitor a changing fire perimeter, the ability to systematically add and remove UAVs from the team, and the ability to supply time-critical information to fire fighters.

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  • Figure 1:Fire monitoring scenario.
    Figure 1:Fire monitoring scenario.
  • Figure 10: Fire simulation of high wind conditions with an elevation gradient. The fire is spreading in the direction of the wind.
    Figure 10: Fire simulation of high wind conditions with an elevation gradient. The fire is spreading in the direction of the wind.
  • Figure 11:One UAV tracking the fire perimeter (no wind on flat ground).
    Figure 11:One UAV tracking the fire perimeter (no wind on flat ground).
  • Figure 6:Overall latency geometry when base station is located atP/8.
    Figure 6:Overall latency geometry when base station is located atP/8.
  • Figure 7:Example scenario in which UAV spread is adjusted by Algorithm1
    Figure 7:Example scenario in which UAV spread is adjusted by Algorithm1
  • + 12

Topics: Firefighting (59%), Poison control (50%)

490 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1177/154193128603000616
01 Sep 1986-
Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the way decisions are made by highly proficient personnel, under conditions of extreme time pressure, and where the consequences of the decisions could af...

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Topics: Firefighting (56%)

406 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0360-1285(99)00012-X
G. Grant, J. Brenton1, D. Drysdale2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Water has become the most widely used fire-fighting agent because its fire suppression performance is hard to beat. The thermal characteristics of water make it ideally suitable as an extinguishing agent for most types of fire, whether it is used to extract heat directly from the flames, the hot products of combustion or from the surface of the fuel. The phase change from liquid water to water vapour (steam) is particularly effective in extracting thermal energy and the production of large quantities of water vapour may further contribute to fire extinguishment by reducing the oxygen concentration of the surrounding atmosphere, particularly where the fire is confined. The present paper is based on an extensive literature review conducted within Edinburgh University's Fire Safety Engineering Group and sponsored by the UK Home Office Fire Research and Development Group. The aim of the research project was to establish the current state-of-the-art regarding the use of water sprays for the suppression and extinguishment of typical (Class ‘A’) compartment fires and to identify where gaps exist in the current knowledge.

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Topics: Fire control (68%), Firefighting (65%), Fire protection (64%) ...read more

372 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20223
2021192
2020598
2019648
2018634
2017577

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Daniel M. Madrzykowski

8 papers, 87 citations

Haukur Ingason

8 papers, 111 citations

David E. Calkin

6 papers, 322 citations

Keisuke Himoto

6 papers, 27 citations

Anders Lönnermark

5 papers, 60 citations

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