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Floating car data

About: Floating car data is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 7541 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 110971 citation(s).

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01 Jan 1952-

1,672 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
05 Nov 2008-
TL;DR: Nericell is presented, a system that performs rich sensing by piggybacking on smartphones that users carry with them in normal course, and addresses several challenges including virtually reorienting the accelerometer on a phone that is at an arbitrary orientation, and performing honk detection and localization in an energy efficient manner.

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Abstract: We consider the problem of monitoring road and traffic conditions in a city. Prior work in this area has required the deployment of dedicated sensors on vehicles and/or on the roadside, or the tracking of mobile phones by service providers. Furthermore, prior work has largely focused on the developed world, with its relatively simple traffic flow patterns. In fact, traffic flow in cities of the developing regions, which comprise much of the world, tends to be much more complex owing to varied road conditions (e.g., potholed roads), chaotic traffic (e.g., a lot of braking and honking), and a heterogeneous mix of vehicles (2-wheelers, 3-wheelers, cars, buses, etc.).To monitor road and traffic conditions in such a setting, we present Nericell, a system that performs rich sensing by piggybacking on smartphones that users carry with them in normal course. In this paper, we focus specifically on the sensing component, which uses the accelerometer, microphone, GSM radio, and/or GPS sensors in these phones to detect potholes, bumps, braking, and honking. Nericell addresses several challenges including virtually reorienting the accelerometer on a phone that is at an arbitrary orientation, and performing honk detection and localization in an energy efficient manner. We also touch upon the idea of triggered sensing, where dissimilar sensors are used in tandem to conserve energy. We evaluate the effectiveness of the sensing functions in Nericell based on experiments conducted on the roads of Bangalore, with promising results.

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1,335 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Dirk Helbing1, Benno Tilch1Institutions (1)
01 Jul 1998-Physical Review E
TL;DR: Floating car data of car-following behavior in cities were compared to existing microsimulation models, after their parameters had been calibrated to the experimental data and good results were obtained with the proposed generalized force model.

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Abstract: Floating car data of car-following behavior in cities were compared to existing microsimulation models, after their parameters had been calibrated to the experimental data. With these parameter values, additional simulations have been carried out, e.g., of a moving car which approaches a stopped car. It turned out that, in order to manage such kinds of situations without producing accidents, improved traffic models are needed. Good results were obtained with the proposed generalized force model.

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822 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Juan Herrera1, Daniel B. Work2, Ryan Herring2, Xuegang Ban3  +2 moreInstitutions (4)
TL;DR: Results suggest that a 2-3% penetration of cell phones in the driver population is enough to provide accurate measurements of the velocity of the traffic flow, demonstrating the feasibility of the proposed system for real-time traffic monitoring.

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Abstract: The growing need of the driving public for accurate traffic information has spurred the deployment of large scale dedicated monitoring infrastructure systems, which mainly consist in the use of inductive loop detectors and video cameras On-board electronic devices have been proposed as an alternative traffic sensing infrastructure, as they usually provide a cost-effective way to collect traffic data, leveraging existing communication infrastructure such as the cellular phone network A traffic monitoring system based on GPS-enabled smartphones exploits the extensive coverage provided by the cellular network, the high accuracy in position and velocity measurements provided by GPS devices, and the existing infrastructure of the communication network This article presents a field experiment nicknamed Mobile Century, which was conceived as a proof of concept of such a system Mobile Century included 100 vehicles carrying a GPS-enabled Nokia N95 phone driving loops on a 10-mile stretch of I-880 near Union City, California, for 8 hours Data were collected using virtual trip lines, which are geographical markers stored in the handset that probabilistically trigger position and speed updates when the handset crosses them The proposed prototype system provided sufficient data for traffic monitoring purposes while managing the privacy of participants The data obtained in the experiment were processed in real-time and successfully broadcast on the internet, demonstrating the feasibility of the proposed system for real-time traffic monitoring Results suggest that a 2-3% penetration of cell phones in the driver population is enough to provide accurate measurements of the velocity of the traffic flow

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700 citations


12


Journal ArticleDOI
Qi Yang1, Harilaos N Koutsopoulos2Institutions (2)
TL;DR: The simulator is a component of a larger system for evaluating traffic management systems and interacts with a surveillance module that can represent a wide variety of sensors and a traffic management module which sets traffic signals and signs, routing recommendations, etc.

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Abstract: A MIcroscopic Traffic SIMulator (MITSIM) has been developed for modeling traffic networks with advanced traffic control, route guidance and surveillance systems. MITSIM represents networks in detail and simulates individual vehicle movements using car following, lane changing, and traffic signal responding logic. A probabilistic route choice model is used to capture drivers' route choice decisions in the presence of real time traffic information provided by route guidance systems. The simulator is a component of a larger system for evaluating traffic management systems and interacts with a surveillance module that can represent a wide variety of sensors (e.g. loop detectors, area sensors, probe vehicles, etc.) and a traffic management module which sets traffic signals and signs, routing recommendations, etc. MITSIM is coded in C+ + using object-oriented design and supports distributed implementation. It includes a graphical user interface for animating vehicle movements in the network and displaying aggregate traffic information such as speed and density.

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624 citations


Network Information
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202170
202093
201984
2018105
2017312
2016496

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Boris S. Kerner

27 papers, 498 citations

Hubert Rehborn

13 papers, 116 citations

Takayoshi Yokota

10 papers, 182 citations

Kenichiro Yamane

10 papers, 243 citations

Klaus Bogenberger

10 papers, 224 citations