Topic

# Flow separation

About: Flow separation is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 16708 publications have been published within this topic receiving 386926 citations.

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01 Jan 1974

TL;DR: In this article, the stability of Laminar Boundary Layer Flow Appendices has been investigated in Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates of Incompressible Newtonian Fluids.

Abstract: 1 Preliminary Concepts 2 Fundamental Equations of Compressible Viscous Flow 3 Solutions of the Newtonian Viscous-Flow Equations 4 Laminar Boundary Layers 5 The Stability of Laminar Flows 6 Incompressible Turbulent Mean Flow 7 Compressible Boundary Layer Flow Appendices A Transport Properties of Various Newtonian Fluids B Equations of Motion of Incompressible Newtonian Fluids in Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates C A Runge-Kutta Subroutine for N Simultaneous Differential Equations Bibliography Index

6,569 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe the formation of low-speed streaks in the region very near the wall, which interact with the outer portions of the flow through a process of gradual lift-up, then sudden oscillation, bursting, and ejection.

Abstract: Extensive visual and quantitative studies of turbulent boundary layers are described. Visual studies reveal the presence of surprisingly well-organized spatially and temporally dependent motions within the so-called ‘laminar sublayer’. These motions lead to the formation of low-speed streaks in the region very near the wall. The streaks interact with the outer portions of the flow through a process of gradual ‘lift-up’, then sudden oscillation, bursting, and ejection. It is felt that these processes play a dominant role in the production of new turbulence and the transport of turbulence within the boundary layer on smooth walls.Quantitative data are presented providing an association of the observed structure features with the accepted ‘regions’ of the boundary layer in non-dimensional co-ordinates; these data include zero, negative and positive pressure gradients on smooth walls. Instantaneous spanwise velocity profiles for the inner layers are given, and dimensionless correlations for mean streak-spacing and break-up frequency are presented.Tentative mechanisms for formation and break-up of the low-speed streaks are proposed, and other evidence regarding the implications and importance of the streak structure in turbulent boundary layers is reviewed.

2,753 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the role of coherent structures in the production and dissipation of turbulence in a boundary layer is characterized, summarizing the results of recent investigations, and diagrams and graphs are provided.

Abstract: The role of coherent structures in the production and dissipation of turbulence in a boundary layer is characterized, summarizing the results of recent investigations. Coherent motion is defined as a three-dimensional region of flow where at least one fundamental variable exhibits significant correlation with itself or with another variable over a space or time range significantly larger than the smallest local scales of the flow. Sections are then devoted to flow-visualization experiments, statistical analyses, numerical simulation techniques, the history of coherent-structure studies, vortices and vortical structures, conceptual models, and predictive models. Diagrams and graphs are provided.

2,518 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the three-dimensional, primitive equations of motion have been integrated numerically in time for the case of turbulent, plane Poiseuille flow at very large Reynolds numbers.

Abstract: The three-dimensional, primitive equations of motion have been integrated numerically in time for the case of turbulent, plane Poiseuille flow at very large Reynolds numbers. A total of 6720 uniform grid intervals were used, with sub-grid scale effects simulated with eddy coefficients proportional to the local velocity deformation. The agreement of calculated statistics against those measured by Laufer ranges from good to marginal. The eddy shapes are examined, and only the u-component, longitudinal eddies are found to be elongated in the downstream direction. However, the lateral v eddies have distinct downstream tilts. The turbulence energy balance is examined, including the separate effects of vertical diffusion of pressure and local kinetic energy.It is concluded that the numerical approach to the problem of turbulence at large Reynolds numbers is already profitable, with increased accuracy to be expected with modest increase of numerical resolution.

1,868 citations

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DuPont

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, the behavior of laminar and turbulent boundary layers on a moving continuous cylindrical surface is investigated by the integral method, based on assumed velocity profiles that satisfy the appropriate boundary conditions.

Abstract: The behavior of laminar and turbulent boundary layers on a moving continuous cylindrical surface is investigated by the integral method, based on assumed velocity profiles that satisfy the appropriate boundary conditions. Equations for the characteristic boundary-layer parameters are presented for both the laminar and turbulent boundary layers, and comparison is made with the boundary-layer behavior over a cylindrical surface of finite length. The analysis for the laminar boundary layer with a logarithmic velocity profile leads to satisfactory results. The turbulent boundary-layer behavior on continuous cylindrical surfaces, and cylindrical surfaces of finite length, can best be investigated experimentally.

1,676 citations