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About: Foraminifera is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 9437 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 291011 citation(s).

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Abstract: We show that robust regressions can be established between relative sea-level (RSL) data and benthic foraminifera oxygen isotopic ratios from the North Atlantic and Equatorial Pacific Ocean over the last climatic cycle. We then apply these regressions to long benthic isotopic records retrieved at one North Atlantic and one Equatorial Pacific site to build a composite RSL curve, as well as the associated confidence interval, over the last four climatic cycles. Our proposed reconstruction of RSL is in good agreement with the sparse RSL data available prior to the last climatic cycle. We compute bottom water temperature changes at the two sites and at one Southern Indian Ocean site, taking into account potential variations in North Atlantic local deep water δ18O. Our results indicate that a Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) enrichment of the ocean mean oxygen isotopic ratio of 0.95‰ is the lowest value compatible with unfrozen deep waters in the Southern Indian Ocean if local deep water δ18O did not increase during glacials with respect to present. Such a value of the LGM mean ocean isotopic enrichment would impose a maximum decrease in local bottom water δ18O at the North Atlantic site of 0.30‰ during glacials.

1,711 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Nov 1986-Nature
Abstract: From the time that detailed oxygen isotope records derived from foraminifera living in the constant-temperature environment of the abyssal ocean became available, there has been a discrepancy between the ice volume record that these records imply, and that derived from the altitude of dated coral terraces around the world. Here, we re-examine the data and conclude that the temperature of the abyssal ocean has been an actively varying component of the climate system.

1,575 citations

01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: This book presents the ecological background required to explain how fossil forms are used in dating rocks and reconstructing past environmental features including changes of sea level and demonstrates how living foraminifera can be used to monitor modern-day environmental change.
Abstract: In this volume John Murray investigates the ecological processes that control the distribution, abundance, and species diversity of benthic foraminifera in environments ranging from marsh to the deepest ocean. To interpret the fossil record it is necessary to have an understanding of the ecology of modern foraminifera and the processes operating after death leading to burial and fossilisation. This book presents the ecological background required to explain how fossil forms are used in dating rocks and reconstructing past environmental features including changes of sea level. It demonstrates how living foraminifera can be used to monitor modern-day environmental change. Ecology and Applications of Benthic Foraminifera presents a comprehensive and global coverage of the subject using all the available literature. It is supported by a website hosting a large database of additional ecological information ( and will form an important reference for academic researchers and graduate students in Earth and Environmental Sciences.

1,364 citations

01 Jan 1991
Abstract: Life processes stable isotope studies population dynamics relationship between living and dead assemblages Atlantic seaboard of North America gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Atlantic seaboard of South America Atlantic seaboard of Europe and Africa Atlantic ocean Mediterranean Indian ocean western margin of the Pacific ocean eastern margin of the Pacific ocean Pacific ocean Southern ocean Arctic ocean summary of modern distribution patterns and characteristics of assemblages palaeoecology. Appendices: methods ecological data for selected genera faunal reference list.

1,113 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The degree of similarity of the ∂13C records of the planktonic foraminiferal species N. pachyderma and of the benthic foraminiferal genus Cibicides in the high-latitude basins of the world ocean is used as an indicator of the presence of deepwater sources during the last climatic cycle. Whereas continuous formation of deep water is recognized in the southern ocean, the Norwegian Sea stopped acting as a sink for surface water during isotope stage 4 and the remainder of the last glaciation. However, deep water formed in the north Atlantic south of the Norwegian Sea during the last climatic cycle as early as isotope substage 5d, and this area was also the only active northern source during stages 4–2. A detailed reconstruction of the geographic distribution of ∂13C in benthic foraminifera in the Atlantic Ocean during the last glacial maximum shows that the most important deepwater mass originated from the southern ocean, whereas the Glacial North Atlantic Deep Water cannot be traced south of 40°N. At shallower depth an oxygenated 13C rich Intermediate Water mass extended from 45°N to 15°S. In the Pacific Ocean a ventilation higher than the modern one was also found in open ocean in the depth range 700–2600 m and is best explained by stronger formation of Intermediate Water in high northern latitudes.

1,034 citations

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