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# Fractional wavelet transform

About: Fractional wavelet transform is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 126 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 4944 citation(s).

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TL;DR: The authors briefly introduce the functional Fourier transform and a number of its properties and present some new results: the interpretation as a rotation in the time-frequency plane, and the FRFT's relationships with time- frequencies such as the Wigner distribution, the ambiguity function, the short-time Fouriertransform and the spectrogram.

Abstract: The functional Fourier transform (FRFT), which is a generalization of the classical Fourier transform, was introduced a number of years ago in the mathematics literature but appears to have remained largely unknown to the signal processing community, to which it may, however, be potentially useful. The FRFT depends on a parameter /spl alpha/ and can be interpreted as a rotation by an angle /spl alpha/ in the time-frequency plane. An FRFT with /spl alpha/=/spl pi//2 corresponds to the classical Fourier transform, and an FRFT with /spl alpha/=0 corresponds to the identity operator. On the other hand, the angles of successively performed FRFTs simply add up, as do the angles of successive rotations. The FRFT of a signal can also be interpreted as a decomposition of the signal in terms of chirps. The authors briefly introduce the FRFT and a number of its properties and then present some new results: the interpretation as a rotation in the time-frequency plane, and the FRFT's relationships with time-frequency representations such as the Wigner distribution, the ambiguity function, the short-time Fourier transform and the spectrogram. These relationships have a very simple and natural form and support the FRFT's interpretation as a rotation operator. Examples of FRFTs of some simple signals are given. An example of the application of the FRFT is also given. >

1,576 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a generalized operational calculus is developed, paralleling the familiar one for the ordinary transform, which provides a convenient technique for solving certain classes of ordinary and partial differential equations which arise in quantum mechanics from classical quadratic hamiltonians.

Abstract: We introduce the concept of Fourier transforms of fractional order, the ordinary Fourier transform being a transform of order 1. The integral representation of this transform can be used to construct a table of fractional order Fourier transforms. A generalized operational calculus is developed, paralleling the familiar one for the ordinary transform. Its application provides a convenient technique for solving certain classes of ordinary and partial differential equations which arise in quantum mechanics from classical quadratic hamiltonians. The method of solution is first illustrated by its application to the free and to the forced quantum mechanical harmonic oscillator. The corresponding Green's functions are obtained in closed form. The new technique is then extended to three-dimensional problems and applied to the quantum mechanical description of the motion of electrons in a constant magnetic field. The stationary states, energy levels and the evolution of an initial wave packet are obtained by a systematic application of the rules of the generalized operational calculus. Finally, the method is applied to the second order partial differential equation with time-dependent coefficients describing the quantum mechanical dynamics of electrons in a time-varying magnetic field.

1,422 citations

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TL;DR: The short-time fractional Fourier transform (STFRFT) is proposed to solve the problem of locating the fractional fourier domain (FRFD)-frequency contents which is required in some applications and its inverse transform, properties and computational complexity are presented.

Abstract: The fractional Fourier transform (FRFT) is a potent tool to analyze the chirp signal. However, it fails in locating the fractional Fourier domain (FRFD)-frequency contents which is required in some applications. The short-time fractional Fourier transform (STFRFT) is proposed to solve this problem. It displays the time and FRFD-frequency information jointly in the short-time fractional Fourier domain (STFRFD). Two aspects of its performance are considered: the 2-D resolution and the STFRFD support. The time-FRFD-bandwidth product (TFBP) is defined to measure the resolvable area and the STFRFD support. The optimal STFRFT is obtained with the criteria that maximize the 2-D resolution and minimize the STFRFD support. Its inverse transform, properties and computational complexity are presented. Two applications are discussed: the estimations of the time-of-arrival (TOA) and pulsewidth (PW) of chirp signals, and the STFRFD filtering. Simulations verify the validity of the proposed algorithms.

201 citations

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TL;DR: The wavelet transform, which has had a growing importance in signal and image processing, has been generalized by association with both the wavelettransform and the fractional Fourier transform.

Abstract: The wavelet transform, which has had a growing importance in signal and image processing, has been generalized by association with both the wavelet transform and the fractional Fourier transform. Possible implementations of the new transformation are in image compression, image transmission, transient signal processing, etc. Computer simulations demonstrate the abilities of the novel transform. Optical implementation of this transform is briefly discussed.

112 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a novel fractional wavelet transform (FRWT) is proposed in order to rectify the limitations of the WT and the FRFT in the time-frequency domain.

Abstract: The wavelet transform (WT) and the fractional Fourier transform (FRFT) are powerful tools for many applications in the field of signal processing. However, the signal analysis capability of the former is limited in the time-frequency plane. Although the latter has overcome such limitation and can provide signal representations in the fractional domain, it fails in obtaining local structures of the signal. In this paper, a novel fractional wavelet transform (FRWT) is proposed in order to rectify the limitations of the WT and the FRFT. The proposed transform not only inherits the advantages of multiresolution analysis of the WT, but also has the capability of signal representations in the fractional domain which is similar to the FRFT. Compared with the existing FRWT, the novel FRWT can offer signal representations in the time-fractional-frequency plane. Besides, it has explicit physical interpretation, low computational complexity and usefulness for practical applications. The validity of the theoretical derivations is demonstrated via simulations.

111 citations