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Frugal innovation

About: Frugal innovation is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 472 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 9290 citation(s).

Papers published on a yearly basis

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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In this paper, I identify the bottom of the pyramid (BOP) markets as a new source of radical innovation. By focusing managerial attention on creating awareness, access, affordability, and availability (4As), managers can create an exciting environment for innovation. I suggest that external constraints can be utilized to build an innovation sandbox within which new products and business models can be created. Using a live example of such an innovation—the development of the biomass stove for the rural poor in India—I illustrate the process and the usefulness of the approach. Increasingly, global firms are recognizing the implications of innovations at the BOP for developed markets as well.

536 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Inclusive innovation, which we define as innovation that benefits the disenfranchised, is a process as well as a performance outcome. Consideration of inclusive innovation points to inequalities that may arise in the development and commercialization of innovations, and also acknowledges the inequalities that may occur as a result of value creation and capture. We outline opportunities for the development of theory and empirical research around this construct in the fields of entrepreneurship, strategy, and marketing. We aim for a synthesis in views of inclusive innovation and call for future research that deals directly with value creation and the distributional consequences of innovation.

525 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: ‘Reverse innovation’ refers to the case where an innovation is adopted first in poor (emerging) economies before ‘trickling up’ to rich countries. Although examples of reverse innovation are still rare, it raises interesting theoretical questions, such as what kinds of innovation emerging economies are likely to spawn, why such innovations might diffuse to rich countries, what competitive advantages local and foreign firms enjoy in this process, and how it affects the global strategy and organization of established MNEs. Research on reverse innovation can enrich and extend mainstream theories of innovation, internationalization, MNE management, and FDI spillovers.

459 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: OVERVIEW:The quality and number of innovations developed by multinational companies from emerging countries is increasing dramatically. In particular, frugal innovations—“good-enough,” affordable products that meet the needs of resource-constrained consumers—have created tremendous demand in emerging markets. While the development of such products has largely been the domain of local corporations in emerging countries, Western corporations have recently started to engage in frugal innovation as well. This is a difficult task for Western firms, however, because their business models and organizational structures are traditionally designed for the development of advanced products for the affluent few at the top of the economic pyramid. Using Swiss weighing-instrument manufacturer Mettler Toledo as a case example, this article suggests that frugal innovations are largely developed by local R&D subsidiaries of Western firms in emerging countries. A substantial degree of autonomy for those local R&D subsidiari...

384 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Business model innovation is an important lever for change to tackle pressing sustainability issues. In this paper, ‘sufficiency’ is proposed as a driver of business model innovation for sustainability. Sufficiency-driven business models seek to moderate overall resource consumption by curbing demand through education and consumer engagement, making products that last longer and avoiding built-in obsolescence, focusing on satisfying ‘needs’ rather than promoting ‘wants’ and fast-fashion, conscious sales and marketing techniques, new revenue models, or innovative technology solutions. This paper uses a case study approach to investigate how companies might use sufficiency as a driver for innovation and asserts that there can be a good business case for sufficiency. Business models of exemplar cases are analysed and insights are gained that will contribute to future research, policy makers and businesses interested in exploring sufficiency.

191 citations

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No. of papers in the topic in previous years