About: Fulmarine petrel is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 155 citation(s).
TL;DR: There was considerable interspecific overlap in assumed trophic positions amongst the 4 petrel species, and it is concluded all species consumed fish and krill.
Abstract: We used stable-isotope analysis (SIA) to evaluate trophic relationships in an Antarctic seabird community. We determined natural abundances of stable-nitrogen (δ 15 N) and stable-carbon (δ 13 C) isotopes from blood samples (n = 283) from adults and chicks of 4 Antarctic fulmarine petrel species (Fulmarus glacialoides, Thalassoica antarctica, Daption capense and Pagodroma nivea) during 2 consecutive breeding seasons, 1994/1995 and 1995/1996, and from representative prey items. Our objectives were to use the isotope approach to infer trophic status and diet composition within and between species, addressing interspecific and temporal variability within this seabird community, and to investigate potential age-related differences in assumed trophic position within species. Prey δ 13 C values ranged from -26.8‰ in amphipods to -23.9%o in adult Antarctic silverfish. Seabird δ 13 C values ranged from-25.3‰ in Antarctic petrel chicks to -23.8‰ in cape petrel adults. Prey δ 15 N values ranged from 4.0‰ in euphausiids to 10.7 ‰ in adult Antarctic silverfish. Seabird δ 15 N values ranged from 8.4 ‰ in Antarctic petrel adults to 12.0‰ in snow petrel chicks. There was considerable interspecific overlap in assumed trophic positions amongst the 4 petrel species, and we conclude all species consumed fish and krill. Despite this apparent overlap, the range in δ 15 N values for petrels corresponded to the equivalent of 1 full trophic level, and estimated trophic level varied with both species and age. A simple trophic level model, constructed based on the δ 15 N data, predicted trophic levels ranging from 2.3 in krill to 4.7 in snow petrel chicks. Snow petrels and Antarctic fulmars tended to have higher δ 15 N values than Antarctic and cape petrels, suggesting a higher proportion of fish in their diets. Petrel chicks consistently had higher δ 15 N values than adults, which suggests trophic segregation between adults and chicks. We discuss advantages of selectively provisioning chicks with higher trophic level prey. Extensive overlap and a relatively narrow range of δ 15 N values are consistent with a food web comprised of few trophic steps.
01 Jan 2001-Polar Biology
TL;DR: The diet of South Polar skuas largely consisted of fulmarine petrel species which bred on Ardery Island, and skuAs appeared to feed preferentially on this species.
Abstract: South Polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) breed on Ardery Island in the absence of a local breeding population of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae). Assessment was made of the food remains in skua feeding territories in 1995/1996. The diet of South Polar skuas largely consisted of fulmarine petrel species which bred on Ardery Island. Southern fulmar (Fulmarus glacialoides) remains were the predominant prey items found, and skuas appeared to feed preferentially on this species.
01 Sep 2001-Palaeontology
TL;DR: Pterodromoides minoricensis gen. et al. as discussed by the authors described a new sea bird from Late Miocene breccias situated on the north-west coast of Menorca.
Abstract: A new sea bird, Pterodromoides minoricensis gen. et sp. nov., similar in size and proportions to species of the modern genus Pterodroma, is described from Late Miocene breccias situated on the north-west coast of Menorca. The cranial osteology is similar to that of fulmarine petrels, but the large orbitonasal opening and characters of the postcranial skeleton justify its classification as a separate genus. At least one other species of procellariid occurs in the accompanying fossil asemblage, suggesting that Late Tertiary ecological conditions favoured sea bird populations in this area of the Mediterranean.
TL;DR: With little more than three months before the temperatures plummet and winter returns, the chicks must develop and take to their wings before the weather closes in.
Abstract: Growing up is never easy, but for newly hatched Antarctic fulmarine petrel chicks, the pressure's really on. With little more than three months before the temperatures plummet and winter returns, the chicks must develop and take to their wings before the weather closes in. But these remarkable
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