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Function (mathematics)

About: Function (mathematics) is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 55050 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 932777 citation(s). The topic is also known as: f(x) & mathematical function.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A method is described for the minimization of a function of n variables, which depends on the comparison of function values at the (n 41) vertices of a general simplex, followed by the replacement of the vertex with the highest value by another point.
Abstract: A method is described for the minimization of a function of n variables, which depends on the comparison of function values at the (n 41) vertices of a general simplex, followed by the replacement of the vertex with the highest value by another point. The simplex adapts itself to the local landscape, and contracts on to the final minimum. The method is shown to be effective and computationally compact. A procedure is given for the estimation of the Hessian matrix in the neighbourhood of the minimum, needed in statistical estimation problems.

25,414 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
H. Sakoe1, S. Chiba1
TL;DR: This paper reports on an optimum dynamic progxamming (DP) based time-normalization algorithm for spoken word recognition, in which the warping function slope is restricted so as to improve discrimination between words in different categories.
Abstract: This paper reports on an optimum dynamic progxamming (DP) based time-normalization algorithm for spoken word recognition. First, a general principle of time-normalization is given using time-warping function. Then, two time-normalized distance definitions, called symmetric and asymmetric forms, are derived from the principle. These two forms are compared with each other through theoretical discussions and experimental studies. The symmetric form algorithm superiority is established. A new technique, called slope constraint, is successfully introduced, in which the warping function slope is restricted so as to improve discrimination between words in different categories. The effective slope constraint characteristic is qualitatively analyzed, and the optimum slope constraint condition is determined through experiments. The optimized algorithm is then extensively subjected to experimental comparison with various DP-algorithms, previously applied to spoken word recognition by different research groups. The experiment shows that the present algorithm gives no more than about two-thirds errors, even compared to the best conventional algorithm.

5,478 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: : This reprint will introduce and study the most basic properties of three new variational problems which are suggested by applications to computer vision. In computer vision, a fundamental problem is to appropriately decompose the domain R of a function g (x,y) of two variables. This problem starts by describing the physical situation which produces images: assume that a three-dimensional world is observed by an eye or camera from some point P and that g1(rho) represents the intensity of the light in this world approaching the point sub 1 from a direction rho. If one has a lens at P focusing this light on a retina or a film-in both cases a plane domain R in which we may introduce coordinates x, y then let g(x,y) be the strength of the light signal striking R at a point with coordinates (x,y); g(x,y) is essentially the same as sub 1 (rho) -possibly after a simple transformation given by the geometry of the imaging syste. The function g(x,y) defined on the plane domain R will be called an image. What sort of function is g? The light reflected off the surfaces Si of various solid objects O sub i visible from P will strike the domain R in various open subsets R sub i. When one object O1 is partially in front of another object O2 as seen from P, but some of object O2 appears as the background to the sides of O1, then the open sets R1 and R2 will have a common boundary (the 'edge' of object O1 in the image defined on R) and one usually expects the image g(x,y) to be discontinuous along this boundary. (JHD)

5,241 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A new discussion of the complex branches of W, an asymptotic expansion valid for all branches, an efficient numerical procedure for evaluating the function to arbitrary precision, and a method for the symbolic integration of expressions containing W are presented.
Abstract: The LambertW function is defined to be the multivalued inverse of the functionw →we w . It has many applications in pure and applied mathematics, some of which are briefly described here. We present a new discussion of the complex branches ofW, an asymptotic expansion valid for all branches, an efficient numerical procedure for evaluating the function to arbitrary precision, and a method for the symbolic integration of expressions containingW.

5,091 citations


Journal Article
01 Jan 1972-Optik
Abstract: An algorithm is presented for the rapid solution of the phase of the complete wave function whose intensity in the diffraction and imaging planes of an imaging system are known. A proof is given showing that a defined error between the estimated function and the correct function must decrease as the algorithm iterates. The problem of uniqueness is discussed and results are presented demonstrating the power of the method.

4,836 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202275
20212,882
20202,826
20192,650
20182,538
20172,215

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Feng Qi

68 papers, 1K citations

Kok Lay Teo

24 papers, 558 citations

Tsutomu Sasao

23 papers, 247 citations

Hari M. Srivastava

20 papers, 595 citations

Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar

18 papers, 115 citations