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Functionally graded material

About: Functionally graded material is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4250 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 99610 citation(s).

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Journal ArticleDOI
J. N. Reddy1
Abstract: Theoretical formulation, Navier's solutions of rectangular plates, and finite element models based on the third-order shear deformation plate theory are presented for the analysis of through-thickness functionally graded plates. The plates are assumed to have isotropic, two-constituent material distribution through the thickness, and the modulus of elasticity of the plate is assumed to vary according to a power-law distribution in terms of the volume fractions of the constituents. The formulation accounts for the thermomechanical coupling, time dependency, and the von Karman-type geometric non-linearity. Numerical results of the linear third-order theory and non-linear first-order theory are presented to show the effect of the material distribution on the deflections and stresses. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

1,306 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The response of functionally graded ceramic metal plates is investigated using a plate finite element that accounts for the transverse shear strains, rotary inertia and moderately large rotations in the von Karman sense. The static and dynamic response of the functionally graded material (fgm) plates are investigated by varying the volume fraction of the ceramic and metallic constituents using a simple power law distribution. Numerical results for the deflection and stresses are presented. The effect of the imposed temperature field on the response of the fgm plate is discussed. It is found that in general, the response of the plates with material properties between those of the ceramic and metal is not intermediate to the responses of the ceramic and metal plates.

969 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
J. N. Reddy1
Abstract: A microstructure-dependent nonlinear Euler–Bernoulli and Timoshenko beam theories which account for through-thickness power-law variation of a two-constituent material are developed using the principle of virtual displacements. The formulation is based on a modified couple stress theory, power-law variation of the material, and the von Karman geometric nonlinearity. The model contains a material length scale parameter that can capture the size effect in a functionally graded material, unlike the classical Euler–Bernoulli and Timoshenko beam theories. The influence of the parameter on static bending, vibration and buckling is investigated. The theoretical developments presented herein also serve to develop finite element models and determine the effect of the geometric nonlinearity and microstructure-dependent constitutive relations on post-buckling response.

516 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A new beam element is developed to study the thermoelastic behavior of functionally graded beam structures. The element is based on the first-order shear deformation theory and it accounts for varying elastic and thermal properties along its thickness. The exact solution of static part of the governing differential equations is used to construct interpolating polynomials for the element formulation. Consequently, the stiffness matrix has super-convergent property and the element is free of shear locking. Both exponential and power-law variations of material property distribution are used to examine different stress variations. Static, free vibration and wave propagation problems are considered to highlight the behavioral difference of functionally graded material beam with pure metal or pure ceramic beams.

502 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In this study, the static response is presented for a simply supported functionally graded rectangular plate subjected to a transverse uniform load. The generalized shear deformation theory obtained by the author in other recent papers is used. This theory is simplified by enforcing traction-free boundary conditions at the plate faces. No transversal shear correction factors are needed because a correct representation of the transversal shearing strain is given. Material properties of the plate are assumed to be graded in the thickness direction according to a simple power-law distribution in terms of the volume fractions of the constituents. The equilibrium equations of a functionally graded plate are given based on a generalized shear deformation plate theory. The numerical illustrations concern bending response of functionally graded rectangular plates with two constituent materials. The influences played by transversal shear deformation, plate aspect ratio, side-to-thickness ratio, and volume fraction distributions are studied. The results are verified with the known results in the literature.

437 citations

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