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Gallium nitride

About: Gallium nitride is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 16887 publications have been published within this topic receiving 260992 citations. The topic is also known as: GaN.


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21 Mar 1997
TL;DR: The physics of gallium nitrides and related compounds GaN growth p-Type GaN obtained by electron beam irradiation n-Type GAN p-type GaN InGaN Zn and Si co-doped GaN double-heterostructure blue and blue green LEDs inGaN single-quantum-well structure LEDs room-temperature pulsed operation of laser diodes emission mechanisms of LEDs and LDs room temperature CW operation of InGAN MQW LDs latest results as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Physics of gallium nitrides and related compounds GaN growth p-Type GaN obtained by electron beam irradiation n-Type GaN p-Type GaN InGaN Zn and Si co-doped InGaN/AlGaN double-heterostructure blue and blue-green LEDs inGaN single-quantum-well structure LEDs room-temperature pulsed operation of laser diodes emission mechanisms of LEDs and LDs room temperature CW operation of InGaN MQW LDs latest results - lasers with self-organized InGaN quantum dots

3,805 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
07 Nov 2002
TL;DR: This paper attempts to present the status of the technology and the market with a view of highlighting both the progress and the remaining problems of the AlGaN/GaN high-electron mobility transistor.
Abstract: Wide bandgap semiconductors are extremely attractive for the gamut of power electronics applications from power conditioning to microwave transmitters for communications and radar. Of the various materials and device technologies, the AlGaN/GaN high-electron mobility transistor seems the most promising. This paper attempts to present the status of the technology and the market with a view of highlighting both the progress and the remaining problems.

1,849 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
24 Aug 2000-Nature
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that the epitaxial growth of GaN/(Al,Ga)N on tetragonal LiAlO2 in a non-polar direction allows the fabrication of structures free of electrostatic fields, resulting in an improved quantum efficiency, which is expected to pave the way towards highly efficient white LEDs.
Abstract: Compact solid-state lamps based on light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are of current technological interest as an alternative to conventional light bulbs The brightest LEDs available so far emit red light and exhibit higher luminous efficiency than fluorescent lamps If this luminous efficiency could be transferred to white LEDs, power consumption would be dramatically reduced, with great economic and ecological consequences But the luminous efficiency of existing white LEDs is still very low, owing to the presence of electrostatic fields within the active layers These fields are generated by the spontaneous and piezoelectric polarization along the [0001] axis of hexagonal group-III nitrides--the commonly used materials for light generation Unfortunately, as this crystallographic orientation corresponds to the natural growth direction of these materials deposited on currently available substrates Here we demonstrate that the epitaxial growth of GaN/(Al,Ga)N on tetragonal LiAlO2 in a non-polar direction allows the fabrication of structures free of electrostatic fields, resulting in an improved quantum efficiency We expect that this approach will pave the way towards highly efficient white LEDs

1,757 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the structural and point defects caused by lattice and stacking mismatch with substrates are discussed. But even the best of the three binaries, InN, AIN and AIN as well as their ternary compounds, contain many structural defects, and these defects notably affect the electrical and optical properties of the host material.
Abstract: Gallium nitride (GaN) and its allied binaries InN and AIN as well as their ternary compounds have gained an unprecedented attention due to their wide-ranging applications encompassing green, blue, violet, and ultraviolet (UV) emitters and detectors (in photon ranges inaccessible by other semiconductors) and high-power amplifiers. However, even the best of the three binaries, GaN, contains many structural and point defects caused to a large extent by lattice and stacking mismatch with substrates. These defects notably affect the electrical and optical properties of the host material and can seriously degrade the performance and reliability of devices made based on these nitride semiconductors. Even though GaN broke the long-standing paradigm that high density of dislocations precludes acceptable device performance, point defects have taken the center stage as they exacerbate efforts to increase the efficiency of emitters, increase laser operation lifetime, and lead to anomalies in electronic devices. The p...

1,724 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
25 Sep 2009-Science
TL;DR: This work demonstrates polymer photodetectors with broad spectral response fabricated by using a small-band-gap semiconducting polymer blended with a fullerene derivative that can exceed the response of an inorganic semiconductor detector at liquid helium temperature.
Abstract: Sensing from the ultraviolet-visible to the infrared is critical for a variety of industrial and scientific applications. Today, gallium nitride-, silicon-, and indium gallium arsenide--based detectors are used for different sub-bands within the ultraviolet to near-infrared wavelength range. We demonstrate polymer photodetectors with broad spectral response (300 to 1450 nanometers) fabricated by using a small-band-gap semiconducting polymer blended with a fullerene derivative. Operating at room temperature, the polymer photodetectors exhibit detectivities greater than 10(12) cm Hz(1/2)/W and a linear dynamic range over 100 decibels. The self-assembled nanomorphology and device architecture result in high photodetectivity over this wide spectral range and reduce the dark current (and noise) to values well below dark currents obtained in narrow-band photodetectors made with inorganic semiconductors.

1,580 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023318
2022704
2021462
2020740
2019828
2018794