Topic

# Gaussian process

About: Gaussian process is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 18944 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 486645 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Gaussian stochastic process.

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors give a basic introduction to Gaussian Process regression models and present the simple equations for incorporating training data and examine how to learn the hyperparameters using the marginal likelihood.

Abstract: We give a basic introduction to Gaussian Process regression models. We focus on understanding the role of the stochastic process and how it is used to define a distribution over functions. We present the simple equations for incorporating training data and examine how to learn the hyperparameters using the marginal likelihood. We explain the practical advantages of Gaussian Process and end with conclusions and a look at the current trends in GP work.

3,059 citations

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TL;DR: The individual Gaussian components of a GMM are shown to represent some general speaker-dependent spectral shapes that are effective for modeling speaker identity and is shown to outperform the other speaker modeling techniques on an identical 16 speaker telephone speech task.

Abstract: This paper introduces and motivates the use of Gaussian mixture models (GMM) for robust text-independent speaker identification. The individual Gaussian components of a GMM are shown to represent some general speaker-dependent spectral shapes that are effective for modeling speaker identity. The focus of this work is on applications which require high identification rates using short utterance from unconstrained conversational speech and robustness to degradations produced by transmission over a telephone channel. A complete experimental evaluation of the Gaussian mixture speaker model is conducted on a 49 speaker, conversational telephone speech database. The experiments examine algorithmic issues (initialization, variance limiting, model order selection), spectral variability robustness techniques, large population performance, and comparisons to other speaker modeling techniques (uni-modal Gaussian, VQ codebook, tied Gaussian mixture, and radial basis functions). The Gaussian mixture speaker model attains 96.8% identification accuracy using 5 second clean speech utterances and 80.8% accuracy using 15 second telephone speech utterances with a 49 speaker population and is shown to outperform the other speaker modeling techniques on an identical 16 speaker telephone speech task. >

3,029 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors introduce sample path properties such as boundedness, continuity, and oscillations, as well as integrability, and absolute continuity of the path in the real line.

Abstract: Stable random variables on the real line Multivariate stable distributions Stable stochastic integrals Dependence structures of multivariate stable distributions Non-linear regression Complex stable stochastic integrals and harmonizable processes Self-similar processes Chentsov random fields Introduction to sample path properties Boundedness, continuity and oscillations Measurability, integrability and absolute continuity Boundedness and continuity via metric entropy Integral representation Historical notes and extensions.

2,534 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigate the use of data-dependent estimates of the complexity of a function class, called Rademacher and Gaussian complexities, in a decision theoretic setting and prove general risk bounds in terms of these complexities.

Abstract: We investigate the use of certain data-dependent estimates of the complexity of a function class, called Rademacher and Gaussian complexities. In a decision theoretic setting, we prove general risk bounds in terms of these complexities. We consider function classes that can be expressed as combinations of functions from basis classes and show how the Rademacher and Gaussian complexities of such a function class can be bounded in terms of the complexity of the basis classes. We give examples of the application of these techniques in finding data-dependent risk bounds for decision trees, neural networks and support vector machines.

2,201 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a new method of modeling and solution of a large class of hysteretic systems (softening or hardening, narrow or wideband) under random excitation is proposed.

Abstract: Based on a Markov-vector formulation and a Galerkin solution procedure, a new method of modeling and solution of a large class of hysteretic systems (softening or hardening, narrow or wide-band) under random excitation is proposed. The excitation is modeled as a filtered Gaussian shot noise allowing one to take the nonstationarity and spectral content of the excitation into consideration. The solutions include time histories of joint density, moments of all order, and threshold crossing rate; for the stationary case, autocorrelation, spectral density, and first passage time probability are also obtained. Comparison of results of numerical example with Monte-Carlo solutions indicates that the proposed method is a powerful and efficient tool.

2,125 citations