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Gelatin

About: Gelatin is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 16888 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 340658 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Gelatine.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The findings suggest the possibility that Malignantly transformed fibroblasts lack surface fibronectin, which results in a lack of anchorage to the surrounding intercellular matrix, which could contribute to the malignant growth behavior.
Abstract: Fibronectin, a plasma protein immunologically identical with a major surface protein of normal fibroblasts, was found to bind to collagen and gelatin. A solid phase enzyme immunoassay was used for the binding tests. Collagen, gelatin or various control proteins were adsorbed to a plastic surface. Binding of fibronectin was detected using purified fibronectin antibodies conjugated to alkaline phosphatase. Circulating fibronectin and fibronectin obtained from fibroblast cultures both showed specific binding to collagen and gelatin. Preparative affinity chromatography of plasma on gelatin coupled to Sepharose gave electrophoretically and immunologically pure fibronectin in high yields. Malignantly transformed fibroblasts lack surface fibronectin. Our findings suggest the possibility that this results in a lack of anchorage to the surrounding intercellular matrix, which could contribute to the malignant growth behavior.

1,945 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The present work is a compilation of recent information on collagen and gelatin extraction from new sources, as well as new processing conditions and potential novel or improved applications, many of which are largely based on induced cross-linking, blending with other biopolymers or enzymatic hydrolysis.
Abstract: The rising interest in the valorisation of industrial by-products is one of the main reasons why exploring different species and optimizing the extracting conditions of collagen and gelatin has attracted the attention of researchers in the last decade. The most abundant sources of gelatin are pig skin, bovine hide and, pork and cattle bones, however, the industrial use of collagen or gelatin obtained from non-mammalian species is growing in importance. The classical food, photographic, cosmetic and pharmaceutical application of gelatin is based mainly on its gel-forming properties. Recently, and especially in the food industry, an increasing number of new applications have been found for gelatin in products such as emulsifiers, foaming agents, colloid stabilizers, biodegradable film-forming materials and micro-encapsulating agents, in line with the growing trend to replace synthetic agents with more natural ones. In the last decade, a large number of studies have dealt with the enzymatic hydrolysis of collagen or gelatin for the production of bioactive peptides. Besides exploring diverse types of bioactivities, of an antimicrobial, antioxidant or antihypertensive nature, studies have also focused on the effect of oral intake in both animal and human models, revealing the excellent absorption and metabolism of Hyp-containing peptides. The present work is a compilation of recent information on collagen and gelatin extraction from new sources, as well as new processing conditions and potential novel or improved applications, many of which are largely based on induced cross-linking, blending with other biopolymers or enzymatic hydrolysis.

1,219 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results suggest the potential of using composite gelatin/PCL fibrous scaffolds for engineering three-dimensional tissues as a promising scaffold for bone-marrow stromal cell culture.
Abstract: In this article, ultrafine gelatin (Gt) fibers were successfully produced with the use of the electrical spinning or electrospinning technique. A fluorinated alcohol of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) was used as the dissolving solvent. The morphology of the electrospun gelatin fibers was found to be dependent on the alteration of gelatin concentration ranging from 2.5% w/v to 12.5% w/v at 2.5% increment intervals. Based on the electrospun gelatin fibers obtained, 10% w/v gelatin/TFE solution was selected and mixed with 10% w/v poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) in TFE at a ratio of 50:50 and co-electrospun to produce gelatin/PCL composite membranes. Contact-angle measurement and tensile tests indicated that the gelatin/PCL complex fibrous membrane exhibited improved mechanical properties as well as more favorable wettability than that obtained from either gelatin or PCL alone. The gelatin/PCL fibrous membranes were further investigated as a promising scaffold for bone-marrow stromal cell (BMSC) culture. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser confocal microscopy observations showed that the cells could not only favorably attach and grow well on the surface of these scaffolds, but were also able to migrate inside the scaffold up to 114 microm within 1 week of culture. These results suggest the potential of using composite gelatin/PCL fibrous scaffolds for engineering three-dimensional tissues.

944 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review will emphasize how biomolecules released from gelatin controlled-release systems are able to retain their biological activity, allowing for their use in tissue engineering, therapeutic angiogenesis, gene therapy, and drug delivery applications.
Abstract: Gelatin is a commonly used natural polymer which is derived from collagen. The isoelectric point of gelatin can be modified during the fabrication process to yield either a negatively charged acidic gelatin, or a positively charged basic gelatin at physiological pH. This theoretically allows electrostatic interactions to take place between a charged biomolecule and gelatin of the opposite charge, forming polyion complexes. Various forms of gelatin carrier matrices can be fabricated for controlled-release studies, and characterization studies have been performed which show that gelatin carriers are able to sorb charged biomolecules such as proteins and plasmid DNA through polyion complexation. The crosslinking density of gelatin hydrogels has been shown to affect their degradation rate in vivo, and the rate of biomolecule release from gelatin carriers has been shown to have a similar profile, suggesting that complexed gelatin/biomolecule fragments are released by enzymatic degradation of the carrier in vivo. This review will emphasize how biomolecules released from gelatin controlled-release systems are able to retain their biological activity, allowing for their use in tissue engineering, therapeutic angiogenesis, gene therapy, and drug delivery applications.

932 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: PCL/gelatin 70:30 nanofiber was found to exhibit the most balanced properties to meet all the required specifications for nerve tissue and was used for in vitro culture of nerve stem cells and proved to be a promising biomaterial suitable for nerve regeneration.
Abstract: Nerve tissue engineering is one of the most promising methods to restore nerve systems in human health care. Scaffold design has pivotal role in nerve tissue engineering. Polymer blending is one of the most effective methods for providing new, desirable biocomposites for tissue-engineering applications. Random and aligned PCL/gelatin biocomposite scaffolds were fabricated by varying the ratios of PCL and gelatin concentrations. Chemical and mechanical properties of PCL/gelatin nanofibrous scaffolds were measured by FTIR, porometry, contact angle and tensile measurements, while the in vitro biodegradability of the different nanofibrous scaffolds were evaluated too. PCL/gelatin 70:30 nanofiber was found to exhibit the most balanced properties to meet all the required specifications for nerve tissue and was used for in vitro culture of nerve stem cells (C17.2 cells). MTS assay and SEM results showed that the biocomposite of PCL/gelatin 70:30 nanofibrous scaffolds enhanced the nerve differentiation and proliferation compared to PCL nanofibrous scaffolds and acted as a positive cue to support neurite outgrowth. It was found that the direction of nerve cell elongation and neurite outgrowth on aligned nanofibrous scaffolds is parallel to the direction of fibers. PCL/gelatin 70:30 nanofibrous scaffolds proved to be a promising biomaterial suitable for nerve regeneration.

922 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202230
2021877
2020892
20191,005
2018962
2017923