Topic

# Generative model

About: Generative model is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 7819 publications have been published within this topic receiving 366606 citations.

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08 Dec 2014TL;DR: A new framework for estimating generative models via an adversarial process, in which two models are simultaneously train: a generative model G that captures the data distribution and a discriminative model D that estimates the probability that a sample came from the training data rather than G.

Abstract: We propose a new framework for estimating generative models via an adversarial process, in which we simultaneously train two models: a generative model G that captures the data distribution, and a discriminative model D that estimates the probability that a sample came from the training data rather than G. The training procedure for G is to maximize the probability of D making a mistake. This framework corresponds to a minimax two-player game. In the space of arbitrary functions G and D, a unique solution exists, with G recovering the training data distribution and D equal to ½ everywhere. In the case where G and D are defined by multilayer perceptrons, the entire system can be trained with backpropagation. There is no need for any Markov chains or unrolled approximate inference networks during either training or generation of samples. Experiments demonstrate the potential of the framework through qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the generated samples.

38,211 citations

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03 Jan 2001TL;DR: This paper proposed a generative model for text and other collections of discrete data that generalizes or improves on several previous models including naive Bayes/unigram, mixture of unigrams, and Hof-mann's aspect model, also known as probabilistic latent semantic indexing (pLSI).

Abstract: We propose a generative model for text and other collections of discrete data that generalizes or improves on several previous models including naive Bayes/unigram, mixture of unigrams [6], and Hof-mann's aspect model, also known as probabilistic latent semantic indexing (pLSI) [3]. In the context of text modeling, our model posits that each document is generated as a mixture of topics, where the continuous-valued mixture proportions are distributed as a latent Dirichlet random variable. Inference and learning are carried out efficiently via variational algorithms. We present empirical results on applications of this model to problems in text modeling, collaborative filtering, and text classification.

25,546 citations

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TL;DR: A fast, greedy algorithm is derived that can learn deep, directed belief networks one layer at a time, provided the top two layers form an undirected associative memory.

Abstract: We show how to use "complementary priors" to eliminate the explaining-away effects that make inference difficult in densely connected belief nets that have many hidden layers. Using complementary priors, we derive a fast, greedy algorithm that can learn deep, directed belief networks one layer at a time, provided the top two layers form an undirected associative memory. The fast, greedy algorithm is used to initialize a slower learning procedure that fine-tunes the weights using a contrastive version of the wake-sleep algorithm. After fine-tuning, a network with three hidden layers forms a very good generative model of the joint distribution of handwritten digit images and their labels. This generative model gives better digit classification than the best discriminative learning algorithms. The low-dimensional manifolds on which the digits lie are modeled by long ravines in the free-energy landscape of the top-level associative memory, and it is easy to explore these ravines by using the directed connections to display what the associative memory has in mind.

15,055 citations

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01 Jan 2009TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe how to train a multi-layer generative model of natural images, using a dataset of millions of tiny colour images, described in the next section.

Abstract: In this work we describe how to train a multi-layer generative model of natural images. We use a dataset of millions of tiny colour images, described in the next section. This has been attempted by several groups but without success. The models on which we focus are RBMs (Restricted Boltzmann Machines) and DBNs (Deep Belief Networks). These models learn interesting-looking filters, which we show are more useful to a classifier than the raw pixels. We train the classifier on a labeled subset that we have collected and call the CIFAR-10 dataset.

15,005 citations

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18 May 2001TL;DR: Independent component analysis as mentioned in this paper is a statistical generative model based on sparse coding, which is basically a proper probabilistic formulation of the ideas underpinning sparse coding and can be interpreted as providing a Bayesian prior.

Abstract: In this chapter, we discuss a statistical generative model called independent component analysis. It is basically a proper probabilistic formulation of the ideas underpinning sparse coding. It shows how sparse coding can be interpreted as providing a Bayesian prior, and answers some questions which were not properly answered in the sparse coding framework.

8,333 citations