About: Glass fiber is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 34873 publications have been published within this topic receiving 316729 citations. The topic is also known as: glass fibre & Fiberglass.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, natural fibres (sisal, kenaf, hemp, jute and coir) reinforced polypropylene composites were processed by compression molding using a film stacking method.
Abstract: In this work, natural fibres (sisal, kenaf, hemp, jute and coir) reinforced polypropylene composites were processed by compression moulding using a film stacking method The mechanical properties of the different natural fibre composites were tested and compared A further comparison was made with the corresponding properties of glass mat reinforced polypropylene composites from the open literature Kenaf, hemp and sisal composites showed comparable tensile strength and modulus results but in impact properties hemp appears to out-perform kenaf The tensile modulus, impact strength and the ultimate tensile stress of kenaf reinforced polypropylene composites were found to increase with increasing fibre weight fraction Coir fibre composites displayed the lowest mechanical properties, but their impact strength was higher than that of jute and kenaf composites In most cases the specific properties of the natural fibre composites were found to compare favourably with those of glass
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors review select comparative life cycle assessment studies of natural fiber and glass fiber composites, and identify key drivers of their relative environmental performance, and conclude that natural fiber composite is likely to be environmentally superior to glass fiber composite in most cases.
Abstract: Natural fibers are emerging as low cost, lightweight and apparently environmentally superior alternatives to glass fibers in composites. We review select comparative life cycle assessment studies of natural fiber and glass fiber composites, and identify key drivers of their relative environmental performance. Natural fiber composites are likely to be environmentally superior to glass fiber composites in most cases for the following reasons: (1) natural fiber production has lower environmental impacts compared to glass fiber production; (2) natural fiber composites have higher fiber content for equivalent performance, reducing more polluting base polymer content; (3) the light-weight natural fiber composites improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions in the use phase of the component, especially in auto applications; and (4) end of life incineration of natural fibers results in recovered energy and carbon credits.
TL;DR: In this paper, the physical properties of R2O-ZnO-TeO2 glasses have been studied for their feasibility for fiber drawing and rare earth doping and a tellurite glass fiber with less than 1 dB/m loss has been made by the rod-in-tube method.
Abstract: The physical properties of R2O-ZnO-TeO2 glasses have been studied for their feasibility for fiber drawing and rare earth doping. A tellurite glass fiber with less than 1 dB/m loss has been made by the rod-in-tube method. The spectroscopic properties of rare earth ions (Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, and Tm3+) in tellurite glass are discussed and compared with silica, fluoride and chalcogenide glasses.
TL;DR: In this article, the effect of incomplete exfoliation of simple stacks of layered aluminosilicates on nanocomposite modulus was examined using the composite theories of Halpin-Tsai and Mori-Tanaka.
Abstract: The reinforcement of nylon 6 by layered aluminosilicates (LAS) and glass fibers was examined using the composite theories of Halpin–Tsai and Mori–Tanaka. Theoretical comparisons show that exfoliated LAS offer superior reinforcement to glass fibers owing to the filler's high modulus, high aspect ratio, and its ability to reinforce in two directions. The effect of incomplete exfoliation of simple stacks of LAS on nanocomposite modulus was also examined. Increasing the number of platelets per stack and the gallery spacing between platelets results in a dramatic decrease in reinforcing efficiency. The predictions were benchmarked against experimental data for nylon 6 nanocomposites based on organically modified montmorillonite and glass fibers. The quantitative determination of the morphology of the nanocomposites is non-trivial due to the large distribution of filler shapes and sizes present. Thus, a detailed experimental procedure for determining the aspect ratio of the nanocomposites is reported. The composite theories satisfactorily capture the stiffness behavior of both types of composites. Furthermore, experimental heat distortion temperatures and those predicted from modeling the dynamic mechanical properties of nanocomposites are in reasonable agreement.
TL;DR: In this paper, the applicability of basalt fiber as a strengthening material for structural concrete members through various experimental works for durability, mechanical properties, and flexural strengthening was investigated, and the results showed that two layers of the basalt fibre sheets were thought to be better strengthening scheme.
Abstract: This study investigates the applicability of the basalt fiber as a strengthening material for structural concrete members through various experimental works for durability, mechanical properties, and flexural strengthening. The basalt fiber used in this study was manufactured in Russia and exhibited the tensile strength of 1000 MPa, which was about 30% of the carbon and 60% of the high strength glass (S-glass) fiber. When the fibers were immersed into an alkali solution, the basalt and glass fibers lost their volumes and strengths with a reaction product on the surface but the carbon fiber did not show significant strength reduction. From the accelerated weathering test, the basalt fiber was found to provide better resistance than the glass fiber. However, the basalt fiber kept about 90% of the normal temperature strength after exposure at 600 °C for 2 h whereas the carbon and the glass fibers did not maintain their volumetric integrity. In the tests for flexural strengthening evaluation, the basalt fiber strengthening improved both the yielding and the ultimate strength of the beam specimen up to 27% depending on the number of layers applied. From the results presented herein, two layers of the basalt fiber sheets were thought to be better strengthening scheme. In addition, the strengthening does not need to extend over the entire length of the flexural member. When moderate structural strengthening but high resistance for fire is simultaneously sought such as for building structures, the basalt fiber strengthening will be a good alternative methodology among other fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) strengthening systems.
Trending Questions (10)