scispace - formally typeset

Global governance

About: Global governance is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 9390 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 202573 citation(s). more


BookDOI: 10.1596/1813-9450-4654
Abstract: This paper reports on the 2009 update of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) research project, covering 212 countries and territories and measuring six dimensions of governance between 1996 and 2008: Voice and Accountability, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law, and Control of Corruption. These aggregate indicators are based on hundreds of specific and disaggregated individual variables measuring various dimensions of governance, taken from 35 data sources provided by 33 different organizations. The data reflect the views on governance of public sector, private sector and NGO experts, as well as thousands of citizen and firm survey respondents worldwide. The authors also explicitly report the margins of error accompanying each country estimate. These reflect the inherent difficulties in measuring governance using any kind of data. They find that even after taking margins of error into account, the WGI permit meaningful cross-country comparisons as well as monitoring progress over time. The aggregate indicators, together with the disaggregated underlying indicators, are available at more

Topics: Worldwide Governance Indicators (74%), Good governance (65%), Global governance (58%) more

2,949 Citations

MonographDOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511559143
Susan Strange1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In April 1970, Susan Strange published an article in the Chatham House review which challenged the mutual exclusivity of international economics and international politics.(f.1) The consequence was a rebirth of the concept of political economy in international studies. She has continued consistently her liberation struggle from academic self-enclosure, disciplinary defensiveness, and turf wars. She insisted that the new international political economy be a broad church open to historians, geographers, sociologists, anthropologists, and the whole range of humanistic studies, as well as economists and political scientists. In this, she echoed Fernand Braudel's appeal in 1958 for the integration of the human sciences in his famous essay on the longue duree. Her work never stood still. She moves forward in responding to her critics and, above all, by her acute perceptions of change in reality. She is not alone in perceiving that the field of international relations study (IR) is beset by an identity crisis.(f.2) The problem now is not just the need for a more ecumenical use of methods and approaches but also for a new ontology -- an updated view of the basic entities and relationships that constitute reality. This is what The Retreat of the State is all about. Susan Strange is a realist in the literal sense that she asks: Where does the power lie? What is the nature of the power? Who benefits? Who suffers? Conventional IR has said a priori that power lies with states. Susan Strange challenges the exclusivity of that assumption. Her enquiry into power and its workings contributes to a 'new realism' quite different from the 'neorealism' of established IR. It has, she writes, led her to a 'final parting of the ways from the discipline of international relations' (p xv). As a realist, Strange cuts through such currently fashionable euphemisms as 'regimes,'(f.3) 'interdependence,' 'globalization,' and 'global governance,' to demonstrate that these terms can act as ideological screens to obscure relations of dominance and subordination. Although she has been associated with the proposition that power is shifting from political authorities to markets,(f.4) in this book the classical notion of 'market' is also implicitly questioned. A market is no longer that abstractly defined infinity of buyers and sellers whose interactions are guided to a beneficent outcome by a providential unseen hand. There are many different markets, and they all need to be analysed as power systems. She illustrates with a few cases: telecoms, insurance, the big accountancy firms, and cartels. In all of these cases, the power systems work to strengthen big corporate translational business. On cartels, she asks why the subject of private protectionism seems to be taboo among liberal economists and concludes that 'while the rhetoric of free enterprise and open competition is necessary to a full integration of a world economy operating on a market principle, the rhetoric is often, in reality, empty of meaning' (p 60). The ontology of Strange's new realism includes a decline in the authority of states, an increase in the authority of big translational firms, a parcelling of authority downwards from states to smaller territorial entities, along with a general erosion of power based on territory and a rise in non-territorial power in economy, technology, and communications. Others have noted these tendencies; they give substance to Hedley Bull's vision of a new medievalism of overlapping authorities and loyalties.(f.5) While accepting this vision as foreshadowing present reality, Strange takes the next step and asks who governs in such circumstances. This must be the first question in reflecting upon the condition of the world and its future; and, of course, there is no clear answer to it. A conspiracy theory will not do. There is no effective conclave of big corporations with United States government power, though these forces do seem to be the predominate actors. A key word in this book is 'symbiosis. … more

Topics: International political economy (57%), International relations (56%), Global governance (54%) more

2,404 Citations

Open accessBook
01 Jan 1994-
Abstract: Chapter 1. Place and Production in the Global Economy Chapter 2. The Urban Impact of Economic Globalization Chapter 3. National and Transnational Urban Systems Chapter 4. The New Urban Economy: The Intersection of Global Processes and Place Chapter 5. Issues and Case Studies in the New Urban Economy Chapter 6. The New Inequalities Within Cities Chapter 7. Global Cities and Global Survival Circuits Chapter 8. The Urbanizing of Global Governance Challenges Chapter 9. A New Geography of Centers and Margins more

Topics: World economy (56%), Global governance (56%), Urban economics (53%) more

1,996 Citations

BookDOI: 10.1596/1813-9450-3630
Abstract: The authors present the latest update of their aggregate governance indicators, together with new analysis of several issues related to the use of these measures. The governance indicators measure the following six dimensions of governance: (1) voice and accountability; (2) political instability and violence; (3) government effectiveness; (4) regulatory quality; (5) rule of law, and (6) control of corruption. They cover 209 countries and territories for 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, and 2004. They are based on several hundred individual variables measuring perceptions of governance, drawn from 37 separate data sources constructed by 31 organizations. The authors present estimates of the six dimensions of governance for each period, as well as margins of error capturing the range of likely values for each country. These margins of error are not unique to perceptions-based measures of governance, but are an important feature of all efforts to measure governance, including objective indicators. In fact, the authors give examples of how individual objective measures provide an incomplete picture of even the quite particular dimensions of governance that they are intended to measure. The authors also analyze in detail changes over time in their estimates of governance; provide a framework for assessing the statistical significance of changes in governance; and suggest a simple rule of thumb for identifying statistically significant changes in country governance over time. The ability to identify significant changes in governance over time is much higher for aggregate indicators than for any individual indicator. While the authors find that the quality of governance in a number of countries has changed significantly (in both directions), they also provide evidence suggesting that there are no trends, for better or worse, in global averages of governance. Finally, they interpret the strong observed correlation between income and governance, and argue against recent efforts to apply a discount to governance performance in low-income countries. more

Topics: Good governance (70%), Global governance (63%), Corporate governance (59%) more

1,796 Citations

Open accessBookDOI: 10.1596/1813-9450-3106
Abstract: The authors present estimates of six dimensions of governance covering 199 countries and territories for four time periods: 1996, 1998, 2000, and 2002. These indicators are based on several hundred individual variables measuring perceptions of governance, drawn from 25 separate data sources constructed by 18 different organizations. The authors assign these individual measures of governance to categories capturing key dimensions of governance and use an unobserved components model to construct six aggregate governance indicators in each of the four periods. They present the point estimates of the dimensions of governance as well as the margins of errors for each country for the four periods. The governance indicators reported here are an update and expansion of previous research work on indicators initiated in 1998 (Kaufmann, Kraay, and Zoido-Lobat 1999a,b and 2002). The authors also address various methodological issues, including the interpretation and use of the data given the estimated margins of errors. more

  • TABLE 3. Weights Used to Aggregate Governance Indicators
    TABLE 3. Weights Used to Aggregate Governance Indicators
  • FIGURE 2. Changes Over Time in Selected Governance Estimates, 2000 to 2002
    FIGURE 2. Changes Over Time in Selected Governance Estimates, 2000 to 2002
  • TABLE 4. Large Changes in Governance Estimates, 2000 to 2002
    TABLE 4. Large Changes in Governance Estimates, 2000 to 2002
  • TABLE 5. Ideology Regressions for 2000
    TABLE 5. Ideology Regressions for 2000
  • FIGURE 3. Using Governance Indicators to Allocate Aid for the Millennium Challenge Account
    FIGURE 3. Using Governance Indicators to Allocate Aid for the Millennium Challenge Account
Topics: Worldwide Governance Indicators (73%), Global governance (56%), Corporate governance (54%) more

1,425 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

Top Attributes

Show by:

Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Frank Biermann

39 papers, 3.5K citations

Jan Wouters

34 papers, 204 citations

Philipp Pattberg

33 papers, 1.8K citations

Lawrence O. Gostin

31 papers, 704 citations

Andrew F. Cooper

31 papers, 626 citations

Network Information
Related Topics (5)
International relations

41.7K papers, 829K citations

87% related
Civil society

33.2K papers, 636.9K citations

86% related

20.5K papers, 429K citations

86% related

26.1K papers, 565.9K citations

85% related

108.6K papers, 2.3M citations

84% related