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Topic

Glutaraldehyde

About: Glutaraldehyde is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4818 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 153274 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Glutaric dialdehyde & 1,5-Pentanedial.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A postfixation in osmium tetroxide, even after long periods of storage, developed an image that—notable in the case of glutaraldehyde—was largely indistinguishable from that of tissues fixed under optimal conditions with osmia tetroxides alone.
Abstract: The aldehydes introduced in this paper and the more appropriate concentrations for their general use as fixatives are: 4 to 6.5 per cent glutaraldehyde, 4 per cent glyoxal, 12.5 per cent hydroxyadipaldehyde, 10 per cent crotonaldehyde, 5 per cent pyruvic aldehyde, 10 per cent acetaldehyde, and 5 per cent methacrolein. These were prepared as cacodylate- or phosphate-buffered solutions (0.1 to 0.2 M, pH 6.5 to 7.6) that, with the exception of glutaraldehyde, contained sucrose (0.22 to 0.55 M). After fixation of from 0.5 hour to 24 hours, the blocks were stored in cold (4°C) buffer (0.1 M) plus sucrose (0.22 M). This material was used for enzyme histochemistry, for electron microscopy (both with and without a second fixation with 1 or 2 per cent osmium tetroxide) after Epon embedding, and for the combination of the two techniques. After fixation in aldehyde, membranous differentiations of the cell were not apparent and the nuclear structure differed from that commonly observed with osmium tetroxide. A postfixation in osmium tetroxide, even after long periods of storage, developed an image that—notable in the case of glutaraldehyde—was largely indistinguishable from that of tissues fixed under optimal conditions with osmium tetroxide alone. Aliesterase, acetylcholinesterase, alkaline phosphatase, acid phosphatase, 5-nucleotidase, adenosine triphosphatase, and DPNH and TPNH diaphorase activities were demonstrable histochemically after most of the fixatives. Cytochrome oxidase, succinic dehydrogenase, and glucose-6-phosphatase were retained after hydroxyaldipaldehyde and, to a lesser extent, after glyoxal fixation. The final product of the activity of several of the above-mentioned enzymes was localized in relation to the fine structure. For this purpose the double fixation procedure was used, selecting in each case the appropriate aldehyde.

3,887 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Using this fixative and the peroxidase-labeled antibody technique, basement membrane antigen was localized within the cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum of parietal yolk sac cells and in extracellular basement membranes with adequate tissue preservation, a task which has not been successfully accomplished by conventional fixatives.
Abstract: A new fixative which primarily stabilizes carbohydrate moieties was developed for immunoelectron microscopy. It contains periodate, lysine and paraformaldehyde. Theoretically, the carbohydrates are oxidized by periodate and cross-linked by lysine. The fixative can preserve antigenicity as well as paraformaldehyde and ultrastructure as well as glutaraldehyde. Using this fixative and the peroxidase-labeled antibody technique, basement membrane antigen was localized within the cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum of parietal yolk sac cells and in extracellular basement membranes with adequate tissue successfully accomplished by conventional

3,788 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Conjugation of peroxidase, glucose oxidase, tyrosinase and alkaline phosphatase to human immunoglobulin-G, human serum albumin, sheep antibody and rabbit antibody was carried out with glutaraldehyde to characterize the antibodies after immunoelectrophoresis.
Abstract: Conjugation of peroxidase, glucose oxidase, tyrosinase and alkaline phosphatase to human immunoglobulin-G, human serum albumin, sheep antibody and rabbit antibody was carried out with glutaraldehyde. The conjugates retained a substantial part of their immunological and enzymatic activity. They were utilized for the intracellular detection of antigens and antibodies and they were employed for the characterization of the antibodies after immunoelectrophoresis.

1,444 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20223
2021102
2020104
2019147
2018155
2017125