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Gravitational field

About: Gravitational field is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 17951 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 351335 citation(s).

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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The principle of relativity Relativistic mechanics Electromagnetic fields Electromagnetic waves The propagation of light The field of moving charges Radiation of electromagnetic waves Particle in a gravitational field The gravitational field equation The field of gravitational bodies Gravitational waves Relativistic cosmology Index.

9,044 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: One can evaluate the action for a gravitational field on a section of the complexified spacetime which avoids the singularities. In this manner we obtain finite, purely imaginary values for the actions of the Kerr-Newman solutions and de Sitter space. One interpretation of these values is that they give the probabilities for finding such metrics in the vacuum state. Another interpretation is that they give the contribution of that metric to the partition function for a grand canonical ensemble at a certain temperature, angular momentum, and charge. We use this approach to evaluate the entropy of these metrics and find that it is always equal to one quarter the area of the event horizon in fundamental units. This agrees with previous derivations by completely different methods. In the case of a stationary system such as a star with no event horizon, the gravitational field has no entropy.

2,849 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The author considers the possibility that there is not, in fact, much hidden mass in galaxies and galaxy systems. If a certain modified version of the Newtonian dynamics is used to describe the motion of bodies in a gravitational field (of a galaxy, say), the observational results are reproduced with no need to assume hidden mass in appreciable quantities. Various characteristics of galaxies result with no further assumptions. The basis of the modification is the assumption that in the limit of small acceleration a very low a0, the acceleration of a particle at distance r from a mass M satisfies approximately a2/a0 a MGr-2, where a0 is a constant of the dimensions of an acceleration.

2,823 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The stability of a plane current layer is analyzed in the hydromagnetic approximation, allowing for finite isotropic resistivity. The effect of a small layer curvature is simulated by a gravitational field. In an incompressible fluid, there can be three basic types of ``resistive'' instability: a long‐wave ``tearing'' mode, corresponding to breakup of the layer along current‐flow lines; a short‐wave ``rippling'' mode, due to the flow of current across the resistivity gradients of the layer; and a low‐g gravitational interchange mode that grows in spite of finite magnetic shear. The time scale is set by the resistive diffusion time τR and the hydromagnetic transit time τH of the layer. For large S = τR/τH, the growth rate of the ``tearing'' and ``rippling'' modes is of order τR−3/5τH−2/5, and that of the gravitational mode is of order τR−1/3τH−2/3. As S → ∞, the gravitational effect dominates and may be used to stabilize the two nongravitational modes. If the zero‐order configuration is in equilibrium, the...

2,221 citations

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