scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Topic

Group decision-making

About: Group decision-making is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 7295 publications have been published within this topic receiving 256486 citations. The topic is also known as: collaborative decision-making & collective decision-making.


Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article developed models of collective behavior for situations where actors have two alternatives and the costs and/or benefits of each depend on how many other actors choose which alternative, and the key...
Abstract: Models of collective behavior are developed for situations where actors have two alternatives and the costs and/or benefits of each depend on how many other actors choose which alternative. The key...

5,195 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Adaptive structuration theory (AST) as mentioned in this paper examines the change process from two vantage points: (1) the types of structures that are provided by advanced technologies, and (2) the structures that actually emerge in human action as people interact with these technologies.
Abstract: The past decade has brought advanced information technologies, which include electronic messaging systems, executive information systems, collaborative systems, group decision support systems, and other technologies that use sophisticated information management to enable multiparty participation in organization activities. Developers and users of these systems hold high hopes for their potential to change organizations for the better, but actual changes often do not occur, or occur inconsistently. We propose adaptive structuration theory (AST) as a viable approach for studying the role of advanced information technologies in organization change. AST examines the change process from two vantage points: (1) the types of structures that are provided by advanced technologies, and (2) the structures that actually emerge in human action as people interact with these technologies. To illustrate the principles of AST, we consider the small group meeting and the use of a group decision support system (GDSS). A GDS...

3,756 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, an issue-contingent model containing a new set of variables called moral intensity was proposed, and the authors argue that moral intensity influences every component of moral decision making and behavior.
Abstract: Existing theoretical models of individual ethical decision making in organizations place little or no emphasis on characteristics of the ethical issue itself. This article (a) proposes an issue-contingent model containing a new set of variables called moral intensity; (b) using concepts, theory, and evidence derived largely from social psychology, argues that moral intensity influences every component of moral decision making and behavior; (c) offers four research propositions: and (d) discusses implications of the theory.

3,540 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors focus on conflict as the crux of this paradox and provide evidence from two different samples of conflict's consistent yet contradictory effects on decision quality, consensus, and affective acceptance.
Abstract: Top management teams make strategic decisions, and the products of their decision making influence organizational performance. However, a subtle paradox is embedded in this relationship. This study focuses on conflict as the crux of this paradox and provides evidence from two different samples of conflict's consistent yet contradictory effects on decision quality, consensus, and affective acceptance.

2,464 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
03 Feb 2005-Nature
TL;DR: It is revealed that the larger the group the smaller the proportion of informed individuals needed to guide the group, and that only a very small proportion ofinformed individuals is required to achieve great accuracy.
Abstract: For animals that forage or travel in groups, making movement decisions often depends on social interactions among group members. However, in many cases, few individuals have pertinent information, such as knowledge about the location of a food source, or of a migration route. Using a simple model we show how information can be transferred within groups both without signalling and when group members do not know which individuals, if any, have information. We reveal that the larger the group the smaller the proportion of informed individuals needed to guide the group, and that only a very small proportion of informed individuals is required to achieve great accuracy. We also demonstrate how groups can make consensus decisions, even though informed individuals do not know whether they are in a majority or minority, how the quality of their information compares with that of others, or even whether there are any other informed individuals. Our model provides new insights into the mechanisms of effective leadership and decision-making in biological systems.

2,463 citations


Network Information
Related Topics (5)
Fuzzy logic
151.2K papers, 2.3M citations
81% related
Empirical research
51.3K papers, 1.9M citations
80% related
Genetic algorithm
67.5K papers, 1.2M citations
79% related
Social network
42.9K papers, 1.5M citations
78% related
Supply chain
84.1K papers, 1.7M citations
78% related
Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023291
2022521
2021437
2020409
2019472
2018395