scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Topic

Growth factor receptor inhibitor

About: Growth factor receptor inhibitor is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 4730 publications have been published within this topic receiving 297500 citations.


Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
08 Dec 1989-Science
TL;DR: DNA sequencing suggests the existence of several molecular species of VEGF, a heparin-binding growth factor specific for vascular endothelial cells that is able to induce angiogenesis in vivo.
Abstract: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was purified from media conditioned by bovine pituitary folliculostellate cells (FC). VEGF is a heparin-binding growth factor specific for vascular endothelial cells that is able to induce angiogenesis in vivo. Complementary DNA clones for bovine and human VEGF were isolated from cDNA libraries prepared from FC and HL60 leukemia cells, respectively. These cDNAs encode hydrophilic proteins with sequences related to those of the A and B chains of platelet-derived growth factor. DNA sequencing suggests the existence of several molecular species of VEGF. VEGFs are secreted proteins, in contrast to other endothelial cell mitogens such as acidic or basic fibroblast growth factors and platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor. Human 293 cells transfected with an expression vector containing a bovine or human VEGF cDNA insert secrete an endothelial cell mitogen that behaves like native VEGF.

5,092 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This work discusses the significance of these receptors as clinical targets, in particular the molecular mechanisms underlying response, and many ERBB inhibitors used in the clinic.
Abstract: ERBB receptor tyrosine kinases have important roles in human cancer. In particular, the expression or activation of epidermal growth factor receptor and ERBB2 are altered in many epithelial tumours, and clinical studies indicate that they have important roles in tumour aetiology and progression. Accordingly, these receptors have been intensely studied to understand their importance in cancer biology and as therapeutic targets, and many ERBB inhibitors are now used in the clinic. We will discuss the significance of these receptors as clinical targets, in particular the molecular mechanisms underlying response.

3,083 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of the specific roles of these growth factors and cytokines during wound healing can be found in this article, where patients are treated by three growth factors: PDGF-BB, bFGF, and GM-CSF.
Abstract: Wound healing is an evolutionarily conserved, complex, multicellular process that, in skin, aims at barrier restoration. This process involves the coordinated efforts of several cell types including keratinocytes, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, macrophages, and platelets. The migration, infiltration, proliferation, and differentiation of these cells will culminate in an inflammatory response, the formation of new tissue and ultimately wound closure. This complex process is executed and regulated by an equally complex signaling network involving numerous growth factors, cytokines and chemokines. Of particular importance is the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family, fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), interleukin (IL) family, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha family. Currently, patients are treated by three growth factors: PDGF-BB, bFGF, and GM-CSF. Only PDGF-BB has successfully completed randomized clinical trials in the Unites States. With gene therapy now in clinical trial and the discovery of biodegradable polymers, fibrin mesh, and human collagen serving as potential delivery systems other growth factors may soon be available to patients. This review will focus on the specific roles of these growth factors and cytokines during the wound healing process.

2,617 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship established for SU11248 in these preclinical studies has aided in the design, selection, and evaluation of dosing regimens being tested in human trials.
Abstract: One challenging aspect in the clinical development of molecularly targeted therapies, which represent a new and promising approach to treating cancers, has been the identification of a biologically active dose rather than a maximum tolerated dose. The goal of the present study was to identify a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship in preclinical models that could be used to help guide selection of a clinical dose. SU11248, a novel small molecule receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with direct antitumor as well as antiangiogenic activity via targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), KIT, and FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinases, was used as the pharmacological agent in these studies. In mouse xenograft models, SU11248 exhibited broad and potent antitumor activity causing regression, growth arrest, or substantially reduced growth of various established xenografts derived from human or rat tumor cell lines. To predict the target SU11248 exposure required to achieve antitumor activity in mouse xenograft models, we directly measured target phosphorylation in tumor xenografts before and after SU11248 treatment and correlated this with plasma inhibitor levels. In target modulation studies in vivo , SU11248 selectively inhibited Flk-1/KDR (VEGF receptor 2) and PDGF receptor β phosphorylation (in a time- and dose-dependent manner) when plasma concentrations of inhibitor reached or exceeded 50–100 ng/ml. Similar results were obtained in a functional assay of VEGF-induced vascular permeability in vivo . Constant inhibition of VEGFR2 and PDGF receptor β phosphorylation was not required for efficacy; at highly efficacious doses, inhibition was sustained for 12 h of a 24-h dosing interval. The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship established for SU11248 in these preclinical studies has aided in the design, selection, and evaluation of dosing regimens being tested in human trials.

1,990 citations


Network Information
Related Topics (5)
Cancer
339.6K papers, 10.9M citations
88% related
Signal transduction
122.6K papers, 8.2M citations
86% related
Apoptosis
115.4K papers, 4.8M citations
86% related
Cell culture
133.3K papers, 5.3M citations
85% related
Breast cancer
214.3K papers, 6.4M citations
85% related
Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202352
20225
20211
20201
20191
201811