About: Gum arabic is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2197 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 47782 citation(s). The topic is also known as: acacia gum.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jan 2009
Abstract: Introduction. Agar. Starch. Gelatin. Carrageenan. Xanthum Gum. Gellan Gum. Gallactomannans. Gum Arabic. Pectins. Milk Proteins. Cellulosis. Tragacanth and Karaya. Xyloglucan. Curdlan. Glucans. Soluble Soybean Polysaccharide. Bacterial Cellulose. Microcrystalline Cellulose. Gums for Coating and Adhesives.Chitosan Hydrogels. Alginates. Frutafit-Inulin. The CRC Emulsifying Biopolymer.
Abstract: This work aimed the induction of crystallization on powder mango juice during the process of spray drying and the correlation of the microstructure of the powder obtained with the functional properties of stickiness and solubility. To perform this work, we used mango juice with 12 °Brix. Before being dehydrated, the juice undertook addition from the following carriers: maltodextrin, gum arabic and starch waxy in the concentration of 12%. The solution also received addition of crystalline cellulose in the concentrations of 0, 3, 6 and 9%. The powder was obtained through the use of a mini-spray dryer of laboratorial scale. Analyses of microstructure, stickiness, hygroscopicity and solubility were performed on the obtained powder. The microstructure analyses showed that the powders of the mango juices obtained through spray drying using the carriers maltodextrin, gum arabic, starch waxy without the addition of cellulose presented surfaces of amorphous particles. The analysis XRD showed that when 3, 6 and 9% of cellulose were added, the particles showed half-crystalline surfaces. The value of stickiness decreased in terms of the concentration of cellulose reaching values of 0.15, 0.22 and 0.11 Kg-f for maltodextrin, gum arabic and starch waxy, respectively. The functional property of solubility is affected when 9% of cellulose is added reaching the values of 72, 71 and 31% for the carriers maltodextrin, gum arabic and starch wax, respectively.
TL;DR: The ability to utilize mucins and plant polysaccharides varied considerably among the Bacteroides species tested.
Abstract: Ten Bacteroides species found in the human colon were surveyed for their ability to ferment mucins and plant polysaccharides ("dietary fiber"). A number of strains fermented mucopolysaccharides (heparin, hyaluronate, and chondroitin sulfate) and ovomucoid. Only 3 of the 188 strains tested fermented beef submaxillary mucin, and none fermented porcine gastric mucin. Many of the Bacteroides strains tested were also able to ferment a variety of plant polysaccharides, including amylose, dextran, pectin, gum tragacanth, gum guar, larch arabinogalactan, alginate, and laminarin. Some plant polysaccharides such as gum arabic, gum karaya, gum ghatti and fucoidan, were not utilized by any of the strains tested. The ability to utilize mucins and plant polysaccharides varied considerably among the Bacteroides species tested.
TL;DR: A strong similarity is seen between the behavior of this system and a colloidal gas-liquid phase separation, and a "metastable" region delimited by a percolation line is seen.
Abstract: Mixtures of gum arabic and whey protein (whey protein isolate, WP) form an electrostatic complex in a specific pH range. Three phase boundaries (pH(c), pHphi(1), pHphi(2)) have been determined using an original titration method, newly applied to complex coacervation. It consists of monitoring the turbidity and light scattering intensity under slow acidification in situ with glucono-delta-lactone. Furthermore, the particle size could also be measured in parallel by dynamic light scattering. When the pH is lowered, whey proteins and gum arabic first form soluble complexes. This boundary is designated as pH(c). When the interaction is stronger (at lower pH), phase separation takes place (at pHphi(1)). Finally, at pHphi(2) complexation was suppressed by the charge reduction of the gum arabic. The major constituent of the whey protein preparation used was beta-lactoglobulin (beta-lg), and it was shown that beta-lg was indeed the main complex-forming protein. Moreover, an increase of the ionic strength shifted the pH boundaries to lower pH values, which was summarized in a state diagram. The experimental pH(c) values were compared to a newly developed theory for polyelectrolyte adsorption on heterogeneous surfaces. Finally, the influence of the total biopolymer concentration (0-20% w/w) was represented in a phase diagram. For concentrations below 12%, the results are consistent with the theory on complex coacervation developed by Overbeek and Voorn. However, for concentrations above 12%, phase diagrams surprisingly revealed a "metastable" region delimited by a percolation line. Overall, a strong similarity is seen between the behavior of this system and a colloidal gas-liquid phase separation.
TL;DR: A review of the industrially most relevant exudate gums: gum arabic, gum karya, and gum tragacanth, which covers the chemical structure, occurrence and production of the different gums.
Abstract: This paper presents a review of the industrially most relevant exudate gums: gum arabic, gum karya, and gum tragacanth. Exudate gums are obtained as the natural exudates of different tree species and exhibit unique properties in a wide variety of applications. This review covers the chemical structure, occurrence and production of the different gums. It also deals with the size and relative importance of the various players on the world market. Furthermore, it gives an overview of the main application fields of the different gums, both food and non-food.